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List of European countries by minimum wage

The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.[1][2]

The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours),[3] San Marino (37.5 hours),[4] Belgium (38 hours),[5] United Kingdom (38.1 hours),[3] Ireland (39 hours),[3] Monaco (39 hours),[6] and Germany (39.1 hours).[3] Most of minimum wages are fixed at a monthly rate, but there are countries where minimum wage is fixed at an hourly rate or weekly rate.

Minimum wages by country (European countries)

Net income

The maps below show monthly adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under 25-year olds.

dark blue above €1,000
light blue €500 to €1,000
Yellow €250 to €499
Red below €250

Countries marked on the map in purple do not have a minimum wage.

Gross income

The maps below show monthly adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under 25-year olds.

dark blue above €1,500
light blue €700 to €1,500
Yellow €400 to €699
Red below €400

Countries marked on the map in purple do not have a minimum wage.

European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018 (in PPP, Purchasing Power)
European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018

The difference between the gross income and the net income ratio is given by the percentage of income taxes. For example, even if a Slovakian citizen has a gross minimum income higher than a Czech, in reality the first will receive less money than the second because of higher income taxes.

Minimum wages by country (European countries)

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR)[7] Gross

(EUR)

Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[8]
 Albania 211 213[2] 26,000.00 lekë (salary less than 30,000 lekë per month is not subject to income tax)[9] Month 149.00 lekë[9] 1.38 3.09 124 1 January 2020
 Andorra 991 991 €991.47[10] Month €5.72[10] 6.56 7.03 1 1 January 2017
Belarus Belarus 115 140 330.00 rubles[11] Month 1.53 rubles 0.72 2.62 2.47 1 January 2019
Belgium Belgium 1216 1594[2] €1,594 Month €9.49 10.87 11.46 1 1 January 2019
 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
( Bosnia and Herzegovina)
208[12] 311 605.48 mark[13] Month 3.44 mark 2.01 4.90 1.95583 1 January 2017
 Republika Srpska
( Bosnia and Herzegovina)
230[14] 311 656.72 (net 450)[15] Month 3.73 mark 2.18 5.31 1.9558 1 January 2019
Bulgaria Bulgaria 242 312[1][2] 610 lev Month 3.66 lev[16] 2.07 5.53 1.95583 1 January 2020
Croatia Croatia 437 546[1][2] 4,062.50 kuna Month 25.39 kuna 3.76 5.86 7.43 1 January 2020
Czech Republic Czech Republic 485 575[1][2] 14,600.00 koruna[17][18] Month 87.30 koruna[17][18] 3.96 6.46 25.00 1 January 2020
Estonia Estonia 546 584[1][2] €584.00[1] Month €3.44[19] 3.40 5.37 1 1 January 2020
France France 1324 1539[1][2] €1,539 Month €10.03 11.40 12.23 1 1 January 2020
Germany Germany 1250 1584[2] €1,584.00[2] Hour €9.35 10.47 11.33 1 1 January 2019
Greece Greece 546 / (606)
[20][21][22][23]
650 / (758)
[21][22][23]
€758.3[21][22][23] Month €3.94 4.51 6.51 1 1 February 2019
Hungary Hungary 414[1] 487[2] 210,600 Month 926 forint 3.13 6.11 329.00 1 January 2020
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1325 1656[1][2] €1,563.25 Hour €9.80[24] 10.94 11.40 1 1 January 2019
Latvia Latvia 366 430[1][2] €430 Month €2.48 2.84 4.96 1 1 January 2018
Lithuania Lithuania 437 607 €607 Month €3.72 4.25 8.09 1 1 January 2020
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1698 2142[2] €2,141.99[2] Month €11.84[25] 13.74 13.32 1 1 January 2020
Malta Malta 660 777[1][2] €777 Week €4.24 4.86 7.37 1 1 January 2020
 Moldova 125[26][27] 134[28] 2,775 lei[26][27][29][30][31] Month 16.42[26][27] 0.86 1.87 19.2 1 May 2019
 Montenegro 301 331[2] €331.33[2] Month €1.39 1.39 3.03 1 1 July 2019
Netherlands Netherlands 1489 1636[2] €1635.6[2] Month €9.33[32][33][34] 10.35 11.28 1 1 January 2019
 North Macedonia 254 282 14,500 denars (net)[35][36][37] Month 90,6 denars 1.63 3.45 61.50 1 December 2019
Poland Poland 481 611[1][2] 2,600 złoty Month 17.00 zł 4.41 9.57 4.30 1 January 2020
Portugal Portugal 571 741[38][39][1][2][40] €741.00 Month €4.64 5.18 7.95 1 1 January 2020
Romania Romania 283 466[1][2] 2,230 RON[41] Month 13.94 RON 2.92 6.64 4.64 1 January 2020
 San Marino 1583 €1,582.57[42] Month €9.74 11.17 11.98 1 1 January 2014
 Serbia 309 343 30,022 dinars[43] Month 155 dinars[43] 1.50 3.68 118.3 1 January 2020
Slovakia Slovakia 470 580[1][2] €580[44][1] Month €3.332[44] 3.39 5.30 1 1 January 2020
Slovenia Slovenia 687 941[1][2] €941 Month €5.88 6.48 8.00 1 1 January 2020
Spain Spain 1002 1108[1][2] €1108.30 Month €7.04[45] 8.03 10.71 1 1 February 2020[46]
Switzerland Switzerland (Cantons of Jura and Neuchâtel) 2709 3258[47] 3,680.00 Fr.[48][49] Hour 20.00 Fr.[48][49] 20.54 15.50 1.13 1 January 2015
 Ukraine 127 155[50] 4,723 hryvnias[51] Month 28.31 hryvnias[51] 1.19 2.90 25,83 1 January 2020
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1220 1599[2] 1,315 pound[52][1][53][54][55] Hour 8.21 pound[52][53][54][55] 10.00 11.25 0.9 1 January 2020

Minimum wages by country (other countries)

Countries that have main territories in Asia with small or no territories in Europe

Country Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) (EUR) (Local) Local (USD)
Armenia Armenia 104 104 55,000.00 dram[56] 317.31 dram 0.66 569.14 1 July 2015
 Azerbaijan 76 130 250.00 manat[57] 0.93 manat 0.55 1.98 1 September 2019
 Georgia 6 7 20.00 lari[58] 0.12 lari 0.05 2.90 1 January 1999
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 28 29 42,500 tenge[59] 141.11 tenge 0.40 402.84 1 January 2019
Russia Russia 151 173 12,130 rubles[60] 53.00 rubles 0.66 80.30 1 January 2019
 Turkey 352 440 2.324 lira[61] 10.15 lira 1.45 6.66 1 January 2020

Minimum wages by country (other territories)

The following list includes states with limited recognition.

Country Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
 Kosovo 160 €170.00[62] €0.98 1.20 1 17 August 2011
 TRNC 454 €522.00[63] €1.56 1.79 8 1 January 2019

Countries with no minimum wage

In some countries it was replaced with other systems that provide a minimum income.

See Guaranteed minimum income and Basic income.

For comparison

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate (USD) Hourly rate (EUR) Exchange rate Effective at
 USA 1000[66] 1120 $1256(40-hour workweek)[67] 7.25 6.45 1.12 24 July 2009

See also

References

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External links