This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

List of England Test cricket records

Alastair Cook in 2016
Former captain Alastair Cook, pictured in 2016, holds several England Test cricket records.

Test cricket is the oldest form of cricket played at international level.[1] A Test match is scheduled to take place over a period of five days,[a][b] and is played by teams representing full member nations of the International Cricket Council (ICC).[5][6] England was a founding member of the ICC having played the first Test match against Australia in March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.[7] They have played a total of 1,001 matches, the most by any Test playing team.[8] As of August 2018, England is the third most successful team in Test cricket with an overall winning percentage of 35.86, behind Australia on 47.16 and South Africa on 37.70.[8]

Opening batsman and former captain Alastair Cook holds several England Test cricket records. Making his debut in 2006, he has scored over 12,000 Test runs, the only England player to do so.[9] As of August 2018, he has scored a record 56 half-centuries and 32 centuries.[10][11] As a slip fieldsman, Cook has also taken the most catches for England with 164.[12] Captaining his side from 2010 until he stood down in 2016, Cook holds the record for the most matches played as English skipper with 59, the Test record for the most consecutive matches played with 156 and the record for the most matches played for England with 158.[13][14][15]

The most prolific wicket-taker for England is fast bowler James Anderson. Making his debut in 2003, he has taken a total of 553 wickets throughout his 140 match career, as of August 2018.[16] He has also achieved 26 five-wicket hauls in an innings, second only to Ian Botham with 27.[17] The record for the most ten-wicket hauls for England is held by Sydney Barnes with seven, who also holds the Test cricket record for the most wickets taken in a series with 49 during the English tour of South Africa in 1913–14.[18][19] Alan Knott is England's most successful wicket-keeper having taken 269 dismissals.[20] England claims two age records, James Southerton as the oldest player to make his Test debut at 49 and Wilfred Rhodes aged 52 as the oldest cricketer to ever play in a Test match.[21][22]

Key

The top five records are listed for each category, except for the team wins, losses and draws and the partnership records. Tied records for fifth place are also included. Explanations of the general symbols and cricketing terms used in the list are given below. Specific details are provided in each category where appropriate. All records include matches played for England only, and are correct as of August 2018.

Key
Symbol Meaning
dagger Player or umpire is currently active in Test cricket
* Player remained not out or partnership remained unbroken
Test cricket record
d Innings was declared (e.g. 903/7d)
Date Starting date of the Test match
Innings Number of innings played
Matches Number of matches played
Opposition The team England was playing against
Period The time period when the player was active in Test cricket
Player The player involved in the record
Venue Test cricket ground where the match was played

Team records

Team wins, losses and draws

As of August 2018, England has played 1,001 Test matches resulting in 359 victories, 297 defeats and 345 draws for an overall winning percentage of 35.86, the third highest winning percentage of Test playing teams.[8] England has played the highest number of Test matches, ahead of Australia who have competed in 812.[8] England has been the most successful against Bangladesh having won nine out of ten Tests against them.[23] England played in the debut Test matches of Australia, India, New Zealand, South Africa, Sri Lanka and the West Indies – winning all of them except against Australia.[24]

Opposition First Test Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied % Won
 Australia 15 March 1877[25] 346 108 144 94 0 31.21
 Bangladesh 21 October 2003[26] 10 9 1 0 0 90.00
 India 25 June 1932[27] 119 45 25 49 0 37.81
 New Zealand 10 January 1930[28] 103 48 10 45 0 46.60
 Pakistan 10 June 1954[29] 83 25 21 37 0 30.12
 South Africa 12 March 1889[30] 149 61 33 55 0 40.93
 Sri Lanka 17 February 1982[31] 31 12 8 11 0 38.70
 West Indies 23 June 1928[32] 154 48 55 51 0 31.16
 Zimbabwe 18 December 1996[33] 6 3 0 3 0 50.00
Total 999 357 297 345 0 35.73
Last updated: 13 August 2018[8][23]

Team scoring records

Most runs in an innings

The highest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the series between Sri Lanka and India in August 1997. Playing in the first Test at the R. Premadasa Stadium in Colombo, the hosts posted a first innings total of 952/6d. This broke the longstanding record of 903/7d which England set against Australia in the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval. This in turn broke England's 849 all out against the West Indies in 1930.[34]

Rank Score Opposition Venue Date
1 903/7d  Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
2 849  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 3 April 1930
3 710/7d  India Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 10 August 2011
4 658/8d  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 10 June 1938
5 654/5  South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban, South Africa 3 March 1939
Last updated: 30 July 2018[35]

Fewest runs in an innings

The lowest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the second Test of England's tour of New Zealand in March 1955. Trailing England by 46, New Zealand was bowled out in their second innings for 26 runs.[36] The equal twelfth-lowest score in Test history is England's total of 45 scored in their first innings against Australia in the first Test of the 1886–87 Ashes series.[37]

Rank Score Opposition[c] Venue Date
1 45  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 28 January 1887
2 46  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 25 March 1994
3 51  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 4 February 2009
4 52  Australia The Oval, London, England 14 August 1948
5 53  Australia Lord's, London, England 16 July 1888
Last updated: 30 July 2018[39]

Result records

Wally Hammond circa 1930
In 1938, Wally Hammond led England to victory over Australia by an innings and 579 runs, the greatest winning margin by an innings in Test cricket.[40][41]

A Test match is won when one side has scored more runs than the total runs scored by the opposing side during their two innings. If both sides have completed both their allocated innings and the side that fielded last has the higher aggregate of runs, it is known as a win by runs. This indicates the number of runs that they had scored more than the opposing side. If one side scores more runs in a single innings than the total runs scored by the other side in both their innings, it is known as a win by an innings and runs. If the side batting last wins the match, it is known as a win by wickets, indicating the number of wickets that were still to fall.[42]

Greatest win margins (by innings)

The fifth Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval saw England win by an innings and 579 runs, the largest victory by an innings in Test cricket history. The next largest victory was Australia's win against South Africa in the first Test of the 2001–02 tour at the Wanderers Stadium, where the tourists won by an innings and 360 runs.[41]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 Innings and 579 runs ♠  Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
2 Innings and 285 runs  India Lord's, London, England 20 June 1974
3 Innings and 283 runs  West Indies Headingley, Leeds, England 25 May 2007
4 Innings and 261 runs  Bangladesh Lord's, London, England 26 May 2005
5 Innings and 244 runs  India The Oval, London, England 15 August 2014
Last updated: 30 July 2018[43]

Greatest win margins (by runs)

The greatest winning margin by runs in Test cricket was England's victory over Australia by 675 runs in the first Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series. The next two largest victories were recorded by Australia including defeat over England in the final Test of the 1934 Ashes series by 562 runs.[44]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 675 runs ♠  Australia Brisbane Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Australia 30 November 1928
2 354 runs  Pakistan Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 29 July 2010
3 347 runs  Australia Lord's, London, England 18 July 2013
4 338 runs  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 13 January 1933
5 330 runs  Pakistan Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 22 July 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018[43]

Greatest win margins (by 10 wickets)

England have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 20 occasions, the third highest behind Australia on 29 and the West Indies on 25.[43][45][46][d]

Rank Victories Opposition Most recent venue Date
1 6  South Africa Lord's, London, England 21 June 1951
=2 4  India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India 23 November 2012
 West Indies Lord's, London, England 6 May 2009
4 3  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 December 1932
5 2  Pakistan Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 10 August 1967
6 1  Sri Lanka Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 13 June 2002
Last updated: 30 July 2018[43]

Narrowest win margins (by runs)

Michael Vaughan in 2006
Michael Vaughan led England to victory over Australia in the second Test of the 2005 Ashes series by a margin of two runs.[52][53]

England's narrowest win by runs was against Australia in the second Test of the 2005 Ashes series at Edgbaston. Set 282 runs for victory in the final innings, Australia were bowled all out for 279 to give victory to the hosts by two runs.[52] This was the second-narrowest win in Test cricket, with the narrowest being the West Indies' one-run win over Australia in 1993.[54]

Rank Margin Opposition[c] Venue Date
1 2 runs  Australia Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 4 August 2005
2 3 runs  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 1982
3 10 runs  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 14 December 1894
=4 12 runs  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 1 February 1929
Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 1998
Last updated: 30 July 2018[55]

Narrowest win margins (by wickets)

Archie MacLaren in 1905
Archie MacLaren led the English team that lost the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series by a margin of three runs and won the fifth Test by a margin of one wicket.[56][57] Both records still stand over a century later as England's narrowest win by wickets and narrowest loss by runs, respectively.[55][58]

England have won by a margin of one wicket on three occasions, the most recent being in the second Test against South Africa in 1923 at Newlands Cricket Ground, one of only twelve one-wicket victories in Test cricket.[59]

Rank Margin Opposition[c] Venue Date
=1 1 wicket  Australia The Oval, London, England 11 August 1902
 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 1 January 1908
 South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 1 January 1923
=4 2 wickets  Australia The Oval, London, England 11 August 1890
 South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban, South Africa 16 December 1948
 South Africa SuperSport Park, Centurion, South Africa 14 January 2000
 West Indies Lord's, London, England 29 June 2000
Last updated: 30 July 2018[55]

Greatest loss margins (by innings)

England suffered their greatest defeat by an innings at The Gabba in the first Test of the 1946–47 Ashes series, the first Test match to be played in Australia after the Second World War.[60][61] Going down to the hosts by an innings and 332 runs, this is the fourth-heaviest defeat in Test cricket history.[41]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 Innings and 332 runs  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 29 November 1946
2 Innings and 226 runs  West Indies Lord's, London, England 23 August 1973
3 Innings and 215 runs  Sri Lanka Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo, Sri Lanka 18 December 2003
4 Innings and 200 runs  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 February 1937
=5 Innings and 180 runs  West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 14 June 1984
 Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 10 August 1989
Last updated: 30 July 2018[62]

Greatest loss margins (by runs)

The first Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series saw Australia defeated by England by 675 runs, the greatest losing margin by runs in Test cricket. The results were reversed in the fifth and final Test of the 1934 Ashes series at The Oval where the tourists defeated the hosts by 562 runs, England's greatest defeat by runs.[44]

Rank Margin Opposition Venue Date
1 562 runs  Australia The Oval, London, England 18 August 1934
2 425 runs  West Indies Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 8 July 1976
3 409 runs  Australia Lord's, London, England 24 June 1948
4 405 runs  Australia Lord's, London, England 16 July 2015
5 384 runs  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 7 November 2002
Last updated: 30 July 2018[62]

Greatest loss margins (by 10 wickets)

England have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 22 occasions, more than any other Test playing team.[62][e]

Rank Defeats Opposition Most recent venue Date
1 7  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia 23 November 2017
2 6  West Indies Headingley, Leeds, England 21 July 1988
3 4  Pakistan The Oval, London, England 11 August 2016
4 3  South Africa Headingley, Leeds, England 18 July 2008
=5 1  Sri Lanka The Oval, London, England 27 August 1998
 India Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium, Mohali, India 3 December 2001
Last updated: 30 July 2018[62]

Narrowest loss margins (by runs)

Pelham Warner in 1906
Pelham Warner was the captain of the English team that lost the first Test against South Africa in January 1906 by a margin of one wicket, the narrowest loss for England by wickets.[58][72]

Only one match in over 140 years of Test cricket has been decided by a margin of one run, the fourth Test of the West Indian tour of Australia in 1992–93 where the visitors secured victory. The equal third narrowest defeat was England's loss in the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series at Old Trafford. Requiring 32 runs to win with six wickets in hand, England lost the match by a margin of three runs.[54][73][74]

Rank Margin Opposition[c] Venue Date
1 3 runs  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 24 July 1902
2 6 runs  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 20 February 1885
3 7 runs  Australia The Oval, London, England 28 August 1882
4 11 runs  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia 16 January 1925
5 17 runs  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 15 February 1957
Last updated: 30 July 2018[58]

Narrowest loss margins (by wickets)

Test cricket has seen twelve matches decided by a margin of one wicket, with England being defeated in one of them.[59] The first Test of the 1905–06 series against South Africa at Old Wanderers saw the home side chase down the target of 284 runs in the final innings.[75]

Rank Margin Opposition[c][f] Venue Date
1 1 wicket  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 2 January 1906
=2 2 wickets  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 13 December 1907
 West Indies Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 5 June 1980
 Pakistan Lord's London, England 18 June 1992
=5 3 wickets  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 16 July 1896
 South Africa Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 7 July 1955
 Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan 2 March 1984
 West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 5 February 1998
Last updated: 30 July 2018[58]

Individual records

Len Hutton in 1938
Len Hutton has scored the highest individual Test score (364) for England.[77]

Batting records

Most career runs

A run is the basic means of scoring in cricket. A run is scored when the batsman hits the ball with his bat and with his partner runs the length of 22 yards (20 m) of the pitch.[78]

India's Sachin Tendulkar has scored the most runs in Test cricket with 15,921. Second is Ricky Ponting of Australia with 13,378 ahead of Jacques Kallis from South Africa in third with 13,289. Alastair Cook, the only England batsman who has scored more than 10,000 runs in Test cricket, is in sixth.[9]

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Period
1 12,179 Alastair Cook dagger 158 285 2006–2018
2 8,900 Graham Gooch 118 215 1975–1995
3 8,463 Alec Stewart 133 235 1990–2003
4 8,231 David Gower 117 204 1978–1992
5 8,181 Kevin Pietersen 104 181 2005–2014
Last updated: 13 August 2018[77]

Highest individual score

The first Test of the 2003–04 series of the Southern Cross Trophy, contested between Australia and Zimbabwe, at the WACA Ground saw Matthew Hayden of Australia set the highest Test score with 380, surpassing the West Indies' Brian Lara's 375 scored against England in April 1994 at the Antigua Recreation Ground.[79] Six months after Hayden set the record, the West Indian claimed it back scoring 400 not out against the same opposition and on the same ground.[80] Len Hutton's 364 against Australia during the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval is the sixth highest individual score in Test cricket. Wally Hammond's 336, scored against New Zealand in 1933, is the third highest not out Test innings and the ninth highest overall.[81] Hutton's, Hammond's and Andy Sandham's 325 against the West Indies in 1930 were Test record scores at the time of posting.[82]

Rank Runs Player Opposition Venue Date
1 364 Len Hutton  Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
2 336* Wally Hammond  New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand 31 March 1933
3 333 Graham Gooch  India Lord's, London, England 26 July 1990
4 325 Andy Sandham  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 3 April 1930
5 310* John Edrich  New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England 8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018[83]

Highest career average

Herbert Sutcliffe in 1933
Herbert Sutcliffe has the highest career batting average for England with 60.73.[84]

A batsman's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been dismissed.[85]

Australia's Don Bradman, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time, finished his Test career with an average of 99.94.[86] With 60.73, Herbert Sutcliffe is one of only six batsmen to have finished his international career with an average above 60.[87]

Rank Average Player Runs Innings Period
1 60.73 Herbert Sutcliffe 4,555 84 1924–1935
2 59.23 Eddie Paynter 1,540 31 1931–1939
3 58.67 Ken Barrington 6,806 131 1955–1968
4 58.45 Wally Hammond 7,249 140 1927–1947
5 56.94 Jack Hobbs 5,410 102 1908–1930
Qualification: 20 innings
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[84]

Most half-centuries

A half-century is a score of between 50 and 99 runs. Statistically, once a batsman's score reaches 100, it is no longer considered a half-century but a century.

Sachin Tendulkar of India has score the most half-centuries in Test cricket with 68. He is followed by the West Indies' Shivnarine Chanderpaul on 66, India's Rahul Dravid and Allan Border of Australia are third on 63 and in equal seventh with 56 fifties to his name, England's Alastair Cook.[88]

Rank Half centuries Player Runs Period
1 56 Alastair Cook dagger 12,179 2006–2018
=2 46 Ian Bell 7,727 2004–2015
Graham Gooch 8,900 1975–1995
Michael Atherton 7,728 1989–2001
5 45 Alec Stewart 8,463 1990–2003
Last updated: 13 August 2018[10]

Most centuries

A century is a score of 100 or more runs in a single innings.

Tendulkar has also scored the most centuries in Test cricket with 51. South Africa's Jacques Kallis is next on 45 and Ricky Ponting with 41 hundreds is in third. The highest ranked England players are Alastair Cook in equal tenth with 32 centuries and Kevin Pietersen who finished his international career with 23 centuries is in equal twenty-fourth.[89]

Rank Centuries Player Runs Period
1 32 Alastair Cook dagger 12,179 2006–2018
2 23 Kevin Pietersen 8,181 2005–2014
=3 22 Wally Hammond 7,249 1927–1947
Colin Cowdrey 7,624 1954–1975
Geoffrey Boycott 8,114 1964–1982
Ian Bell 7,727 2004–2015
Last updated: 13 August 2018[11]

Most double centuries

Wally Hammond in February 1933
Wally Hammond has scored the most double centuries for England with seven and holds the England record for the most runs scored in a series with 905 runs during the 1928–29 Ashes series.[90][91]

A double century is a score of 200 or more runs in a single innings.

Bradman holds the Test record for the most double centuries scored with twelve, one ahead of Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara who finished his career with eleven. In third place is Brian Lara of the West Indies with nine. England's Wally Hammond and Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka have both reached the mark on seven occasions.[90]

Rank Double centuries Player Runs Period Ref
1 7 Wally Hammond 7,249 1927–1947
2 5 Alastair Cook dagger 12,179 2006–2018
3 4 Len Hutton 6,971 1937–1955
4 3 Kevin Pietersen 8,181 2005–2014
=5 2 Dennis Amiss 3,612 1966–1977 [92]
Denis Compton 5,807 1937–1957 [93]
Graham Gooch 8,900 1975–1995 [94]
David Gower 8,231 1978–1992 [95]
Eddie Paynter 1,540 1931–1939 [96]
Joe Root dagger 6,054 2012–2018 [97]
Jonathan Trott 3,835 2009–2015 [98]
Last updated: 13 August 2018[90][99]

Most runs in a series

The 1930 Ashes series in England saw Bradman set the record for the most runs scored in a single series, falling just 26 short of 1,000 runs. He is followed by Wally Hammond with 905 runs scored in the 1928–29 Ashes series. Alastair Cook's 766 runs scored during the 2010–11 Ashes series ranks in 14th.[91]

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Series
1 905 Wally Hammond 5 9 1928–29 Ashes series
2 766 Alastair Cook dagger 5 7 2010–11 Ashes series
3 753 Denis Compton 5 8 South African cricket team in England in 1947
4 752 Graham Gooch 3 6 Indian cricket team in England in 1990
5 734 Herbert Sutcliffe 5 9 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018[100]

Most ducks

A duck refers to a batsman being dismissed without scoring a run.[101] Former West Indian fast bowler Courtney Walsh has scored the highest number of ducks in Test cricket with 43 followed by New Zealand's Chris Martin with 36. Stuart Broad with 27 scoreless innings and James Anderson with 24 are seventh and equal twelfth on the list respectively.[102]

Rank Ducks Player Matches Innings Period
1 27 Stuart Broad dagger 120 173 2007–2018
2 24 James Anderson dagger 140 194 2003–2018
=3 20 Monty Panesar 50 68 2006–2013
Steve Harmison 62 84 2002–2009
Michael Atherton 115 212 1989–2001
Last updated: 13 August 2018[103]

Bowling records

James Anderson in 2014
James Anderson has taken the most Test wickets for England with 553.[16]

Most career wickets

A bowler takes the wicket of a batsman when the form of dismissal is bowled, caught, leg before wicket, stumped or hit wicket. If the batsman is dismissed by run out, obstructing the field, handling the ball, hitting the ball twice or timed out the bowler does not receive credit.

Sri Lankan bowler Muttiah Muralitharan holds the record for taking the most wickets in Test cricket with 800, followed by Australia's Shane Warne who previously held the record with 708.[104][105] James Anderson of England is fifth on the list with 553 Test wickets to his name and is second only to Australia's Glenn McGrath with 563 as the fast bowler with the most Test wickets. Stuart Broad, with 424, is the second highest England Test wicket-taker and tenth overall.[104][106]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Innings Period
1 553 James Anderson dagger 140 261 2003–2018
2 424 Stuart Broad dagger 120 219 2007–2018
3 383 Ian Botham 102 168 1977–1992
4 325 Bob Willis 90 165 1971–1984
5 307 Fred Trueman 67 127 1952–1965
Last updated: 13 August 2018[16]

Best figures in an innings

Bowling figures refers to the number of the wickets a bowler has taken and the number of runs conceded.[107]

There have been two occasions in Test cricket where a bowler has taken all ten wickets in a single innings – Jim Laker of England took 10/53 against Australia in 1956 and India's Anil Kumble in 1999 returned figures of 10/74 against Pakistan. George Lohmann, one of fifteen bowlers who have taken nine wickets in a Test match innings, sits third on the list taking figures of 9/28 against South Africa in 1896.[108]

Rank Figures Player Opposition[f] Venue Date
1 10/53 Jim Laker  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 26 July 1956
2 9/28 George Lohmann  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 2 March 1896
3 9/37 Jim Laker  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 26 July 1956
4 9/57 Devon Malcolm  South Africa The Oval, London, England 18 August 1994
5 9/103 Sydney Barnes  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 26 December 1913
Last updated: 30 July 2018[109]

Best figures in a match

A bowler's bowling figures in a match is the sum of the wickets taken and the runs conceded over both innings.

No bowler in the history of Test cricket has taken all 20 wickets in a match. The closest to do so was English spin bowler Jim Laker. During the fourth Test of the 1956 Ashes series, Laker took 9/37 in the first innings and 10/53 in the second to finish with match figures of 19/90.[110] Sydney Barnes's figures of 17/159, taken in the second Test of the 1913–14 South African tour, is the second-best in Test cricket history.[111]

Rank Figures Player Opposition[f] Venue Date
1 19/90 Jim Laker  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 26 July 1956
2 17/159 Sydney Barnes  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 26 December 1913
3 15/28 Johnny Briggs  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 25 March 1889
4 15/45 George Lohmann  South Africa St George's Park Cricket Ground, Port Elizabeth, South Africa 13 February 1896
5 15/99 Colin Blythe  South Africa Headingley, Leeds, England 29 July 1907
Last updated: 30 July 2018[112]

Best career average

George Lohmann pre 1900
George Lohmann holds the record for the best Test career bowling average and strike rate, with figures of 10.75 and 34.1, respectively.[113][114]

A bowler's bowling average is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of wickets they have taken.

Nineteenth century English medium pacer George Lohmann holds the record for the best career average in Test cricket with 10.75. J. J. Ferris, one of fifteen cricketers to have played Test cricket for more than one team,[115] is second behind Lohmann with an overall career average of 12.70 runs per wicket. Billy Barnes is third on the list, finishing his Test career with an average of 15.54.[113]

Rank Average Player Wickets Runs Balls Period
1 10.75 ♠ George Lohmann 112 1,205 3,830 1886–1896
2 15.54 Billy Barnes 51 793 2,289 1880–1890
3 16.42 Billy Bates 50 821 2,364 1881–1887
4 16.43 Sydney Barnes 189 3,106 7,873 1901–1914
5 16.98 Bobby Peel 101 1,715 5,216 1884–1896
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[116]

Best career strike rate

A bowler's strike rate is the total number of balls they have bowled divided by the number of wickets they have taken.[101]

As with the career average above, the top two bowlers with the best Test career strike rate are George Lohmann and J. J. Ferris, with Lohmann on 34.1 and Ferris with an overall career strike rate of 37.7 balls per wicket.[114]

Rank Strike rate Player Wickets Balls Runs Period
1 34.1 ♠ George Lohmann 112 3,830 1,205 1886–1896
2 41.6 Sydney Barnes 189 7,873 3,106 1901–1914
3 44.8 Billy Barnes 51 2,289 793 1880–1890
4 45.1 Johnny Briggs 118 5,332 2,095 1884–1899
5 45.4 Frank Tyson 76 3,452 1,411 1954–1959
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[117]

Best career economy rate

William Attewell in 1895
William Attewell finished his career with an economy rate of 1.31, a Test cricket record.[118]

A bowler's economy rate is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of overs they have bowled.[101]

English bowler William Attewell, who played 10 Tests between 1884 and 1892, holds the Test record for the best career economy rate with 1.31. Cliff Gladwin, with a rate of 1.60 runs per over conceded over his 8-match Test career, is second on the list.[118]

Rank Economy rate Player Runs Balls Wickets Period
1 1.31 ♠ William Attewell 626 2,850 28 1884–1892
2 1.60 Cliff Gladwin 571 2,129 15 1947–1949
3 1.85 Roy Kilner 734 2,368 24 1924–1926
4 1.87 Dick Barlow 767 2,456 34 1881–1887
5 1.88 Hedley Verity 3,510 11,173 144 1931–1939
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[119]

Most five-wicket hauls in an innings

Ian Botham in July 2013
Ian Botham took 27 five-wicket hauls during his Test career, an England record.[17]

A five-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking five wickets in a single innings.[120]

Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralitharan has taken the most five-wicket hauls in Test cricket with 67 throughout his career followed by Shane Warne achieving 37. Ian Botham is the highest ranked England player in sixth, taking 27.[121]

Rank Five-wicket hauls Player Wickets Period
1 27 Ian Botham 383 1977–1992
2 26 James Anderson dagger 553 2003–2018
3 24 Sydney Barnes 189 1901–1914
=4 17 Fred Trueman 307 1952–1965
Graeme Swann 255 2008–2013
Derek Underwood 297 1966–1982
Last updated: 13 August 2018[17]

Most ten-wicket hauls in a match

A ten-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking ten or more wickets in a match over two innings.

As with the five-wicket hauls above, Muttiah Muralitharan leads Shane Warne in taking the most ten-wicket hauls in Test cricket with Muralitharan having taken 22 to Warne's 10. Sydney Barnes of England is in equal sixth with three other bowlers, each achieving the feat on seven occasions.[122]

Rank Ten-wicket hauls Player Wickets Period
1 7 Sydney Barnes 189 1901–1914
2 6 Derek Underwood 297 1966–1982
=3 5 George Lohmann 112 1886–1896
Alec Bedser 236 1946–1955
=5 4 Tom Richardson 88 1893–1898
Colin Blythe 100 1901–1910
Johnny Briggs 118 1884–1899
Ian Botham 383 1977–1992
Last updated: 30 July 2018[18]

Worst figures in an innings

The worst figures in a single innings in Test cricket came in the third Test between the West Indies at home to Pakistan in 1958. Pakistan's Khan Mohammad returned figures of 0/259 from his 54 overs in the second innings of the match.[123][124] The worst figures by an England player are 0/169 that came off the bowling of Tich Freeman in his final Test appearance.[125][126]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/169 Tich Freeman 49  South Africa The Oval, London, England 17 August 1929
2 0/163 Adil Rashid 34  Pakistan Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 13 October 2015
3 0/155 Moeen Ali dagger 52  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 2 January 2016
4 0/152 Pat Pocock 57  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 16 February 1974
5 0/151 Graeme Swann 52  South Africa The Oval, London, England 19 July 2012
Last updated: 30 July 2018[127]

Worst figures in a match

The worst figures in a match in Test cricket were taken by South Africa's Imran Tahir in the second Test against Australia at the Adelaide Oval in November 2012. He returned figures of 0/180 from his 23 overs in the first innings and 0/80 off 14 in the third innings for a total of 0/260 from 37 overs.[128] He claimed the record in his final over when two runs came from it – enough for him to pass the previous record of 0/259, set 54 years prior.[129][130][131]

The worst figures by an England player came in the fourth Test of the 1989–90 tour of the West Indies when Devon Malcolm returned figures of 0/142 and 0/46 for a total of 0/188 off 43 overs.[132]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/188 Devon Malcolm 43  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 5 April 1990
2 0/184 Ian Salisbury 33  Pakistan Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 2 July 1992
3 0/184 Maurice Tate 100  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 8 March 1929
4 0/169 Tich Freeman 49  South Africa The Oval, London, England 17 August 1929
5 0/166 Hedley Verity 57  Australia The Oval, London, England 18 August 1934
Last updated: 30 July 2018[133]

Most wickets in a series

Sydney Barnes in 1910
Sydney Barnes took 49 wickets in the 1913–14 series against South Africa, the most by any cricketer in a Test series.[19]

England's seventh Test tour of South Africa in 1913–14 saw the record set for the most wickets taken by a bowler in a Test series. English paceman Sydney Barnes played in four of the five matches and achieved a total of 49 wickets to his name. Jim Laker sits second on the list with 46 wickets taken during the 1956 Ashes series.[19]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Series
1 49 ♠ Sydney Barnes 4 English cricket team in South Africa in 1913–14
2 46 Jim Laker 5 1956 Ashes series
=3 39 Sydney Barnes 6 1912 Triangular Tournament
Alec Bedser 5 1953 Ashes series
5 38 Maurice Tate 5 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018[134]

Wicket-keeping records

The wicket-keeper is a specialist fielder who stands behind the stumps being guarded by the batsman on strike and is the only member of the fielding side allowed to wear gloves and leg pads.[135]

Most career dismissals

A wicket-keeper can be credited with the dismissal of a batsman in two ways, caught or stumped. A fair catch is taken when the ball is caught fully within the field of play without it bouncing after the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat,[136][137] while a stumping occurs when the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket while the batsman is out of his ground and not attempting a run.[138]

South Africa's Mark Boucher has taken the most dismissals in Test cricket as a designated wicket-keeper with 555, followed by Adam Gilchrist of Australia on 416. England's Alan Knott, who took 269 dismissals during his 95-Test match career, is eighth on the list. He is followed by his compatriots Matt Prior and Alec Stewart in ninth and tenth with 256 and 241 dismissals respectively.[139]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Period
1 269 Alan Knott 95 1967–1981
2 256 Matt Prior 79 2007–2014
3 241 Alec Stewart 133 1990–2003
4 219 Godfrey Evans 91 1946–1959
5 174 Bob Taylor 57 1971–1984
Last updated: 30 July 2018[20]

Most career catches

Matt Prior in May 2010
Matt Prior sits second behind Alan Knott for the most Test dismissals and catches taken by an England wicket-keeper.[20]

Boucher also leads Gilchrist in the number of catches taken as a designated wicket-keeper in Test cricket, 532 to 379. Alan Knott, with 250 catches to his name is eighth on this list. He is again followed by Prior and Stewart in ninth and tenth with 243 and 227 catches respectively.[140]

Rank Catches Player Matches Period
1 250 Alan Knott 95 1967–1981
2 243 Matt Prior 79 2007–2014
3 227 Alec Stewart 133 1990–2003
4 173 Godfrey Evans 91 1946–1959
5 167 Bob Taylor 57 1971–1984
Last updated: 30 July 2018[20]

Most career stumpings

Australia's Bert Oldfield holds the record for the most stumpings in Test cricket with 52. He is followed by Godfrey Evans of England with 46 to his name.[141]

Rank Stumpings Player Matches Period
1 46 Godfrey Evans 91 1946–1955
2 23 Les Ames 44 1929–1939
3 22 Dick Lilley 35 1896–1909
4 19 Alan Knott 95 1967–1981
5 15 George Duckworth 24 1924–1936
Last updated: 30 July 2018[142]

Most dismissals in an innings

Four wicket-keepers have taken seven wickets in a single innings in a Test match—Wasim Bari of Pakistan in 1979, Englishman Bob Taylor in 1980, New Zealand's Ian Smith in 1991 and most recently West Indian gloveman Ridley Jacobs against Australia in 2000.[143]

The feat of taking 6 wickets in an innings has been achieved by 22 wicket-keepers on 30 occasions including 7 Englishmen on 11 occasions.[144]

Rank Dismissals Player Opposition Venue Date
1 7 ♠ Bob Taylor  India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India 15 February 1980
=2 6 John Murray  India Lord's, London, England 22 June 1967
Jack Russell  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 1990
 South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 30 November 1995
Alec Stewart  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 3 July 1997
Chris Read  New Zealand Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 1 July 1999
Geraint Jones  Bangladesh Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street, England 3 June 2005
Chris Read  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 2006
 Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 January 2007
Matt Prior  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 2010
 South Africa Lord's, London, England 16 August 2012
Jonny Bairstow dagger  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 14 January 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018[145]

Most dismissals in a series

Brad Haddin holds the Test cricket record for the most dismissals taken by a wicket-keeper in a series. He took 29 catches during the 2013 Ashes series which broke the previous record held by fellow Australian Rod Marsh when he took 28 catches in the 1982–83 Ashes series. Jack Russell of England is equal third with 27 dismissals taken during the 1995–96 tour of South Africa.[146]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Innings Series
1 27 Jack Russell 5 7 English cricket team in South Africa in 1995–96
2 24 Alan Knott 6 12 1970–71 Ashes series
=3 23 Alec Stewart 5 8 South African cricket team in England in 1998
Matt Prior 5 10 2010–11 Ashes series
Alec Stewart 6 10 1997 Ashes series
Alan Knott 6 12 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018[147]

Fielding records

Most career catches

Caught is one of the nine methods a batsman can be dismissed in cricket.[g] A fair catch is defined as a fielder catching the ball, from a legal delivery, fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat.[136][137] The majority of catches are caught in the slips, located behind the batsman, next to the wicket-keeper, on the off side of the field. Most slip fielders are top order batsmen.[149][150]

India's Rahul Dravid holds the record for the most catches in Test cricket by a non-wicket-keeper with 210, followed by Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka on 205 and South African Jacques Kallis with 200. Former captain Alastair Cook is the highest ranked England player in ninth, securing 162 catches in his Test career.[151]

Rank Catches Player Matches Period
1 164 Alastair Cook dagger 158 2006–2018
2 121 Andrew Strauss 100 2004–2012
=3 120 Ian Botham 102 1977–1992
Colin Cowdrey 114 1954–1975
5 110 Wally Hammond 85 1927–1947
Last updated: 13 August 2018[12]

Most catches in a series

The 1920–21 Ashes series, in which Australia whitewashed England 5–0 for the first time,[152] saw the record set for the most catches taken by a non-wicket-keeper in a Test series. Australian all-rounder Jack Gregory took 15 catches in the series as well as 23 wickets.[153] Greg Chappell, a fellow Australian all-rounder, is second behind Gregory with 14 catches taken during the 1974–75 Ashes series. Three players have taken 13 catches in a series on five occasions with both Bob Simpson and Brian Lara having done so twice and Rahul Dravid once. Twelve players have taken 12 catches in a series with the Englishman Jack Ikin achieving the feat from the three matches he played during the 1951 home series against South Africa.[154]

Rank Catches Player Matches Innings Series
1 12 Jack Ikin 3 6 South African cricket team in England in 1951
2 12 Wally Hammond 5 9 1934 Ashes series
3 12 Len Braund 10 1901–02 Ashes series
=4 12 Ian Botham 6 12 1981 Ashes series
Tony Greig 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018[155]

Other records

Most career matches

India's Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for the most Test matches played with 200, with former captains Ricky Ponting and Steve Waugh being joint second with each having represented Australia on 168 occasions. Alastair Cook, as of July 2018, is equal seventh and the most capped England Test cricketer having played 156 matches.[156]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 158 Alastair Cook dagger 2006–2018
2 140 James Anderson dagger 2003–2018
3 133 Alec Stewart 1990–2003
4 120 Stuart Broad dagger 2007–2018
=5 118 Ian Bell 2004–2015
Graham Gooch 1975–1995
Last updated: 13 August 2018[15]

Most consecutive career matches

Alastair Cook in 2006
Alastair Cook, pictured in 2006, holds the record for the most matches as English captain, the most consecutive career matches in Test cricket and the most matches played for England with 59, 156 and 158 respectively.[13][14][15]

Former English captain and currently active player Alastair Cook holds the record for the most consecutive Test matches played with 156.[14] Cook equalled the previous record of 153, set by Australia's Allan Border, during the first Test of the two match series against Pakistan in May 2018[157] and broke it by playing in the second Test of the same series.[158]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 156 ♠ Alastair Cook dagger 2006–2018
=2 65 Alan Knott 1971–1977
Ian Botham 1978–1984
4 63 Michael Atherton 1993–1998
5 62 Alec Stewart 1996–2001
Last updated: 13 August 2018[14]

Most matches as captain

Graeme Smith, who led the South African cricket team from 2003 to 2014, holds the record for the most matches played as captain in Test cricket with 109. Allan Border, who skippered Australia from 1984 to 1994 is second with 93 matches. England's captain from 2010 to 2016, Alastair Cook, is seventh on the list with 59 matches.[159]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 59 Alastair Cook 2010–2016
2 54 Michael Atherton 1993–2001
3 51 Michael Vaughan 2003–2008
4 50 Andrew Strauss 2006–2012
5 45 Nasser Hussain 1999–2003
Last updated: 30 July 2018[13]

Youngest players

The youngest player to play in a Test match is claimed to be Hasan Raza at the age of 14 years and 227 days. Making his debut for Pakistan against Zimbabwe on 24 October 1996, there is some doubt as to the validity of Raza's age at the time.[160] The youngest cricketer to play Test cricket for England was Brian Close who at the age of 18 years and 149 days debuted in the third Test of the series against New Zealand in July 1949.[161]

Rank Age Player Opposition[f] Venue Date
1 18 years and 149 days Brian Close  New Zealand Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 23 July 1949
2 19 years and 32 days Jack Crawford  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 2 January 1906
3 19 years and 83 days Denis Compton  New Zealand The Oval, London, England 14 August 1937
4 19 years and 269 days Ben Hollioake  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 7 August 1997
5 19 years and 297 days Haseeb Hameed  India Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot, India 9 November 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018[162]
James Southerton
James Southerton is the fifth oldest cricketer to play in a Test match and was the oldest to make his debut.[21][22]

Oldest players on debut

At 49 years and 119 days, James Southerton of England, playing in the very first Test match in March 1877, is the oldest player to make his debut in Test cricket. Second on the list is Miran Bakhsh of Pakistan who at 47 years and 284 days made his debut against India in 1955.[21]

Rank Age Player Opposition[c] Venue Date
1 49 years and 119 days James Southerton  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 15 March 1877
2 41 years and 337 days Rockley Wilson  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 25 February 1921
3 40 years and 216 days Septimus Kinneir  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 15 December 1911
4 40 years and 110 days Harry Lee  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 13 February 1931
5 39 years and 360 days Arthur Wood  Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
Last updated: 30 July 2018[21]

Oldest players

Wilfred Rhodes bowling c. 1902
Wilfred Rhodes, pictured here aged 25, is the oldest cricketer to ever in play in a Test match at the age of 52.[22]

England all-rounder Wilfred Rhodes is the oldest player to appear in a Test match. Playing in the fourth Test against the West Indies in 1930 at Sabina Park, in Kingston, Jamaica, he was aged 52 years and 165 days on the final day's play. The second-oldest Test player is Bert Ironmonger who was aged 50 years and 327 days when he represented Australia for the final time in the fifth Test of the 1932–33 Ashes series at the Sydney Cricket Ground.[22]

Rank Age Player Opposition[c] Venue Date
1 52 years and 165 days Wilfred Rhodes  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 3 April 1930
2 50 years and 320 days W. G. Grace  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 1 June 1899
3 50 years and 303 days George Gunn  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 3 April 1930
4 49 years and 139 days James Southerton  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 31 March 1877
5 47 years and 249 days Jack Hobbs  Australia The Oval, London, England 16 August 1930
Last updated: 30 July 2018[22]

Partnership records

In cricket, two batsmen are always present at the crease batting together in a partnership. This partnership will continue until one of them is dismissed, retires or the innings comes to a close.

Highest partnerships by wicket

A wicket partnership describes the number of runs scored before each wicket falls. The first wicket partnership is between the opening batsmen and continues until the first wicket falls. The second wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the number three batsman. This partnership continues until the second wicket falls. The third wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the new batsman. This continues down to the tenth wicket partnership. When the tenth wicket has fallen, there is no batsman left to partner so the innings is closed.

English batsmen hold three Test wicket partnerships records, all set since 2010. Ben Stokes and Jonny Bairstow came together in the second Test of the 2015–16 series against South Africa at Newlands Cricket Ground and put together a sixth wicket partnership of 399 runs.[163][164] The recently retired Jonathan Trott and the still active Stuart Broad set the highest eighth wicket partnership of 332 runs at Lord's in August 2010 against Pakistan.[165] The final record is the tenth wicket partnership of 198 which was set by Joe Root and James Anderson. This came in the first Test against India at Trent Bridge in July 2014.[166][167]

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
1st wicket 359 Len Hutton Cyril Washbrook  South Africa Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 27 December 1948
2nd wicket 382 Len Hutton Maurice Leyland  Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
3rd wicket 370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton  South Africa Lord's, London, England 21 June 1947
4th wicket 411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey  West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 30 May 1957
5th wicket 254 Keith Fletcher Tony Greig  India Brabourne Stadium, Mumbai, India 6 February 1973
6th wicket 399 ♠ Ben Stokes dagger Jonny Bairstow dagger  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 2 January 2016
7th wicket 197 M. J. K. Smith Jim Parks  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 25 March 1960
8th wicket 332 ♠ Jonathan Trott Stuart Broad dagger  Pakistan Lord's, London, England 26 August 2010
9th wicket 163* Colin Cowdrey Alan Smith  New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington, New Zealand 1 March 1963
10th wicket 198 ♠ Joe Root dagger James Anderson dagger  India Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 9 July 2014
Last updated: 30 July 2018[168]

Highest partnerships by runs

The highest Test partnership by runs for any wicket is held by the Sri Lankan pairing of Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene who put together a third wicket partnership of 624 runs during the first Test against South Africa in July 2006. This broke the record of 576 runs set by their compatriots Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama against India in 1997. New Zealand's Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe hold the third-highest Test partnership with 467 made in 1991 against Sri Lanka. The English pairing of Peter May and Colin Cowdrey together scored 411 for the fourth wicket against the West Indies in 1957 to place themselves thirteenth on the list.[169]

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
4th wicket 411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey  West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 30 May 1957
6th wicket 399 Ben Stokes dagger Jonny Bairstow dagger  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 2 January 2016
2nd wicket 382 Len Hutton Maurice Leyland  Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
3rd wicket 370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton  South Africa Lord's, London, England 21 June 1947
2nd wicket 369 John Edrich Ken Barrington  New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England 8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018[170]

Umpiring records

Dickie Bird at Headingley in 2006
Dickie Bird stood as an umpire in 66 matches, a former Test record, and is now the third most experienced English umpire behind David Shepherd and Ian Gould.[171][172]

Most matches umpired

An umpire in cricket is a person who officiates the match according to the Laws of Cricket. Two umpires adjudicate the match on the field, whilst a third umpire has access to video replays, and a fourth umpire looks after the match balls and other duties. The records below are only for on-field umpires.

Steve Bucknor of the West Indies holds the record for the most Test matches umpired with 128. He is followed by the currently active Aleem Dar from Pakistan who has stood in 119 Test matches as of July 2018 and South Africa's Rudi Koertzen who officiated in 108. The most experienced Englishman is David Shepherd who is fifth on the list with 92 Test matches umpired. Dickie Bird, who previously held the record with 66 Tests, is currently eleventh as of July 2018.[171][172]

Rank Matches Umpire Period
1 92 David Shepherd 1985–2005
2 67 Ian Gould dagger 2008–2018
3 66 Dickie Bird 1973–1996
=4 53 Richard Kettleborough dagger 2010–2018
Nigel Llong dagger 2008–2018
Last updated: 30 July 2018[172]

Notes

  1. ^ For the first 50 years of Test cricket matches were played over three or four days[2] and until the 1930s some timeless Tests were played.[3]
  2. ^ In October 2017, the ICC Board approved a trial of four-day Test cricket to run through until the 2019 Cricket World Cup.[4]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Prior to Australian federation in 1901, there was no national flag of Australia.[38]
  4. ^ The other teams to have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Pakistan (13),[47] South Africa (8),[48] Sri Lanka (8),[49] India (7)[50] and New Zealand (4).[51]
  5. ^ The other teams to have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Bangladesh (4),[63] Sri Lanka (5),[64] Zimbabwe (7),[65] Pakistan (9),[66] Australia (10).[67] South Africa (12),[68] New Zealand (13),[69] the West Indies (15)[70] and India (17).[71]
  6. ^ a b c d Prior to the unification of the South African colonies in 1910, there was no national flag of South Africa.[76]
  7. ^ In 2017, The Laws of Cricket were amended, reducing the methods of dismissals from ten to nine, with handled the ball now covered as part of obstructing the field.[148]

References

  1. ^ Nicholson, Matthew (2007). Sport and the Media: Managing the Nexus. Elsevier. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-7506-8109-4. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  2. ^ Nicholas, Mark (15 March 2017). "Where are we 140 years later?". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  3. ^ Williamson, Martin (22 August 2015). "The Oval grind of 1938". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  4. ^ Gollapudi, Nagraj; Samiuddin, Osman (14 October 2017). "South Africa to play Zimbabwe in inaugural four-day Test". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 22 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  5. ^ Williamson, Martin (18 May 2007). "International Cricket Council: A brief history ..." ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  6. ^ "ICC Classification of Official Cricket" (pdf). International Cricket Council. 1 October 2017: 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  7. ^ Williamson, Martin (23 January 1998). "The birth of Test cricket". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Overall results summary for Test matches". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  9. ^ a b "Test records – Most career runs". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  10. ^ a b "English Test records – Most half-centuries". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  11. ^ a b "English Test records – Most centuries". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  12. ^ a b "English Test records – Most career catches by a non wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  13. ^ a b c "English Test records – Most matches as captain". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Test records – Most consecutive career matches". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 26 March 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c "English Test records – Most career matches". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  16. ^ a b c "English Test records – Most career wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  17. ^ a b c "English Test records – Most five-wicket hauls in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  18. ^ a b "English Test records – Most ten-wicket hauls in a match". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  19. ^ a b c "Test records – Most wickets in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  20. ^ a b c d "English Test records – Most wicket-keeper career dismissals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  21. ^ a b c d "Test records – Oldest players on debut". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "Test records – Oldest players". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  23. ^ a b "England Test records – Results summary". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  24. ^ "Ireland's Test cricket debut: Could they become the first nation since Australia in 1877 to win first Test?". Fox Sports. 11 May 2018. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  25. ^ "England Test matches against Australia". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  26. ^ "England Test matches against Bangladesh". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  27. ^ "England Test matches against India". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  28. ^ "England Test matches against New Zealand". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  29. ^ "England Test matches against Pakistan". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  30. ^ "England Test matches against South Africa". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  31. ^ "England Test matches against Sri Lanka". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  32. ^ "England Test matches against the West Indies". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  33. ^ "England Test matches against Zimbabwe". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  34. ^ "Test records – Highest innings totals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  35. ^ "English Test records – Highest innings totals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  36. ^ "26 all out". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  37. ^ "Test records – Lowest innings totals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  38. ^ Cameron, R. J., ed. (1983). "The Australian Flag". Year Book Australia. 67. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. pp. 23–24. 
  39. ^ "English Test records – Lowest innings totals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  40. ^ "5th Test, Australia tour of England at London, Aug 20-24 1938". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 20 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  41. ^ a b c "Test records – Largest margin of victory (by an innings)". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  42. ^ "Law 16 (The Result)". Marylebone Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  43. ^ a b c d "English Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  44. ^ a b "Test records – Largest margin of victory (by runs)". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  45. ^ "Australian Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  46. ^ "West Indies Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  47. ^ "Pakistan Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  48. ^ "South Africa Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  49. ^ "Sri Lanka Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  50. ^ "India Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  51. ^ "New Zealand Test records – Largest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  52. ^ a b "2nd Test, Australia tour of England and Scotland at Birmingham, Aug 4-7 2005". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  53. ^ Thompson, Jenny (7 August 2005). "England hold nerve in two-run thriller". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 28 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  54. ^ a b "Test records – Smallest margin of victory (by runs)". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  55. ^ a b c "English Test records – Smallest victories". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  56. ^ "4th Test, Australia tour of England at Manchester, Jul 24-26 1902". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  57. ^ "5th Test, Australia tour of England at London, Aug 11-13 1902". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  58. ^ a b c d "English Test records – Smallest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 20 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  59. ^ a b "Test records – Smallest margin of victory (by wickets)". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  60. ^ Williamson, Martin (27 November 2010). "'A fine ****ing way to start a series'". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  61. ^ "Test in Australia between 1936 and 1947". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  62. ^ a b c d "English Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  63. ^ "Bangladesh Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  64. ^ "Sri Lanka Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  65. ^ "Zimbabwe Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  66. ^ "Pakistan Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  67. ^ "Australian Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  68. ^ "South Africa Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  69. ^ "New Zealand Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  70. ^ "West Indies Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  71. ^ "India Test records – Largest defeats". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  72. ^ "1st Test, England tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Jan 2-4 1906". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  73. ^ "4th Test, Australia tour of England at Manchester, Jul 24-26 1902". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  74. ^ "Fourth Test match – England v Australia 1902". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. 1903. Archived from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018 – via ESPNcricinfo. 
  75. ^ "1st Test, England tour of South Africa at Johannesburg, Jan 2-4 1906". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  76. ^ Brownell, Frederick Gordon (2011). "Flagging the "new" South Africa, 1910–2010". Historia. 56 (1): 42–62. ISSN 2309-8392. 
  77. ^ a b "English Test records – Most career runs". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  78. ^ "Law 18 (Scoring runs)". Marylebone Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  79. ^ McConnell, Lynn (10 October 2003). "Hayden leaves Lara in his wake". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  80. ^ Miller, Andrew (12 April 2004). "England in strife after Lara's 400". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  81. ^ "Test records – Highest individual score". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  82. ^ "Test records – Highest individual score (progressive record holder)". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  83. ^ "English Test records – Highest individual score". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  84. ^ a b "English Test records – Highest career average". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  85. ^ Pervez, M. A. (2001). A Dictionary of Cricket. Sangam Books. p. 7. ISBN 978-81-7370-184-9. 
  86. ^ "Sir Donald Bradman player profile". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 25 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. Sir Donald Bradman of Australia was, beyond any argument, the greatest batsman who ever lived and the greatest cricketer of the 20th century. Only WG Grace, in the formative years of the game, even remotely matched his status as a player. 
  87. ^ "Test records – Highest career average". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  88. ^ "Test records – Most half-centuries". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  89. ^ "Test records – Most centuries". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 8 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  90. ^ a b c "Test records – Most double centuries". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  91. ^ a b "Test records – Most runs in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  92. ^ "Profile of Dennis Amiss". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 25 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  93. ^ "Profile of Denis Compton". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  94. ^ "Profile of Graham Gooch". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  95. ^ "Profile of David Gower". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  96. ^ "Profile of Eddie Paynter". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 10 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  97. ^ "Profile of Joe Root". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  98. ^ "Profile of Jonathan Trott". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  99. ^ "English Test records – Most double centuries". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 30 June 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  100. ^ "English Test records – Most runs in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  101. ^ a b c Williamson, Martin. "A glossary of cricket terms". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 20 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  102. ^ "Test records – Most ducks". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  103. ^ "English Test records – Most ducks". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  104. ^ a b "Test records – Most career wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  105. ^ "Murali breaks Warne's record". ESPNcricinfo. 3 December 2007. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  106. ^ "Test records – Most career wickets taken by a fast bowler". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  107. ^ "Definition: bowling analysis". Merriam-Webster. Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  108. ^ "Test records – Best bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  109. ^ "English Test records – Best bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 20 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  110. ^ Basevi, Travis; Binoy, George (25 July 2006). "Laker's 19 and other solo spells". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 11 March 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  111. ^ "Test records – Best bowling figures in a match". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  112. ^ "English Test records – Best bowling figures in a match". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  113. ^ a b "Test records – Best career average". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  114. ^ a b "Test records – Best career strike rate". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  115. ^ "Test cricketers who have played for two international teams". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  116. ^ "English Test records – Best career average". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  117. ^ "English Test records – Best career strike rate". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  118. ^ a b "Test records – Best career economy rate". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  119. ^ "English Test records – Best career economy rate". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  120. ^ Pervez, M. A. (2001). A Dictionary of Cricket. Sangam Books. p. 31. ISBN 978-81-7370-184-9. 
  121. ^ "Test records – Most five-wicket hauls in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  122. ^ "Test records – Most ten-wicket hauls in a match". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  123. ^ "Test records – Worst bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  124. ^ "3rd Test, Pakistan tour of West Indies at Kingston, Feb 26-Mar 4 1958". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 21 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  125. ^ "Profile of Tich Freeman". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  126. ^ "5th Test, South Africa tour of England at London, Aug 17-20 1929". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2 January 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  127. ^ "English Test records – Worst bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  128. ^ "Test records – Worst bowling figures in a match". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  129. ^ "2nd Test, South Africa tour of Australia at Adelaide, Nov 22-26 2012". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  130. ^ "Second innings bowing figures of Imran Tahir". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  131. ^ "Worst. Bowling. Figures. Ever!". The Age. Melbourne: Fairfax Media. AAP. 25 November 2012. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  132. ^ "4th Test, England tour of West Indies at Bridgetown, Apr 5-10 1990". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  133. ^ "English Test records – Worst bowling figures in a match". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  134. ^ "English Test records – Most wickets in a series". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  135. ^ "Law 27 (The wicket-keeper)". Marylebone Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  136. ^ a b "Law 33 (Caught)". Marylebone Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  137. ^ a b "Law 5 (The Bat)". Marylebone Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018.  Laws 5.6.2.2 and 5.6.2.3 state that the hand or the glove holding the bat shall be regarded as the ball striking or touching the bat.
  138. ^ "Law 39 (Stumped)". Marylebone Cricket Club. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  139. ^ "Test records – Most wicket-keeper career dismissals". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  140. ^ "Test records – Most wicket-keeper career catches". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  141. ^ "Test records – Most wicket-keeper career stumpings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  142. ^ "English Test records – Most wicket-keeper career stumpings". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 26 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  143. ^ "Test records – Most dismissals in an innings by a wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 7 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  144. ^ "Wicket-keepers who have taken six wickets in an innings in a Test match". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  145. ^ "English Test records – Most dismissals in an innings by a wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  146. ^ "Test records – Most dismissals in an series by a wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  147. ^ "English Test records – Most dismissals in an series by a wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  148. ^ "The new cricket rule changes coming into effect from September 28". ESPNcricinfo. 26 September 2017. Archived from the original on 7 April 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  149. ^ Giridhar, S.; Raghunath, V. J. (2014). Mid-Wicket Tales: From Trumper to Tendulkar. SAGE Publications. p. 2. ISBN 978-81-321-1738-4. Archived from the original on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  150. ^ Selvey, Mike (May 2015). "The greatest slip catcher". The Cricket Monthly. ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  151. ^ "Test records – Most career catches by a non wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  152. ^ "Ashes series whitewashes". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  153. ^ "1920–21 Ashes series records – Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  154. ^ "Test records – Most catches in an series by a non wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  155. ^ "English Test records – Most catches in an series by a non wicket-keeper". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  156. ^ "Test records – Most career matches". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  157. ^ Rudra, Tanya (24 May 2018). "Alastair Cook equals Allan Border's record, gets praise from the legend himself". NDTV. Archived from the original on 8 June 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  158. ^ "'We'll be looking for other employment' – Cook". wisden.com. 31 May 2018. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  159. ^ "Test records – Most matches as captain". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  160. ^ "A late starter". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  161. ^ "Test records – Youngest players". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  162. ^ "English Test records – Youngest players"Paid subscription required. CricketArchive. Archived from the original on 28 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  163. ^ Hopps, David (3 January 2016). "Stokes record and Bairstow's ton tramples South Africa". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  164. ^ Rajesh, S (3 January 2016). "One session, 130 runs". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 28 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  165. ^ Miller, Andrew (28 August 2010). "England's high, Pakistan's low on a day of extremes". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 28 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  166. ^ Krishnaswamy, Karthik (12 July 2014). "Root, Anderson script England turnaround". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 2 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  167. ^ "Test records – Highest partnerships by wicket". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  168. ^ "English Test records – Highest partnerships by wicket". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  169. ^ "Test records – Highest partnerships by runs". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  170. ^ "English Test records – Highest partnerships by runs". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  171. ^ a b Clementine, Rex (13 June 2002). "Umpire Bucknor to set record". The Island. Colombo: Upali Newspapers. Archived from the original on 10 September 2003. Retrieved 30 July 2018. 
  172. ^ a b c "Test records – Most matches umpired". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018.