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List of Cuba–United States aircraft hijackings

Cuba is 90 miles (145 kilometres) south of Florida in the United States

Aircraft hijacking incidents between the United States and Cuba were at their height between 1968 and 1972. These incidents have variously been attributed to terrorism, extortion, flight for political asylum, mental illness and transportation between the two countries as a result of the ongoing antagonistic Cuba-United States relations and the Communist government restrictions against Cubans attempting to leave Cuba.[1] Subsequent measures by both governments contributed to a gradual reduction of reported incidents towards the mid-1970s. Governmental measures included an amendment to Cuban law which made hijacking a crime in 1970, the introduction of metal detectors in U.S. airports in 1973, and a joint agreement between the U.S. and Cuba signed in Sweden to return or prosecute hijackers.[1]

Below is a non-comprehensive list of hijacking incidents of aircraft between Cuba and the United States.

1950s

Before the Cuban Revolution:

After the Cuban Revolution:

1960s

1968

Aircraft at Terminal 3 of José Martí international airport in Havana

1969

Jacksonville airport Florida

1970s

1970

1971

1972

1974

1978

En route, Flight 696 landed in Denver to take on more fuel. While waiting for the fuel truck, the crew escaped the cockpit by jumping from the open cockpit windows. Without hostages, Thomas quickly surrendered to the FBI.
The Seattle-based crew, which included Captain Alan Grout, First Officer Jack Bard, and Second Officer Luke Warfield were all injured during the escape. They subsequently recovered and returned to flight duty during the following months.

1979

1980s

1990s

2000s

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Testing a rational choice model of airline hijackings Study of data Archived August 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Hijacking description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  3. ^ United Press, "Plane Commandeered, Flown Out of Cuba", The Washington Post and Times Herald, Washington, D.C., Monday April 14, 1958, Volume 81, Number 130, page A5
  4. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  5. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  6. ^ newspapers, McClatchy (November 19, 2008). "Relatives claim passenger in 1958 plane crash off Cuba was a hijacker" – via The Guardian. 
  7. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  8. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". archive.org. October 27, 2009. Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. 
  10. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  11. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  12. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  13. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  14. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  15. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  16. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  17. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  18. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  19. ^ Hijacker: Cuba Suspected Spying The Miami Herald
  20. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  21. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
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  25. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
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  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi Cuban Political Violence in the United States Disorders and terrorism, National Advisory Committee, on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals Washington: 1976. Report of the Task Force on Disorders and Terrorism Appendix 6: Chronology of incidents of terroristic, quasi-terroristic attacks, and political violence in the United States:January 1965 to March 1976 By Marcia McKnight Trick
  31. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  32. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  33. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  34. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  35. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  36. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  37. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  38. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  39. ^ "Hijacking Conviction -- Aug 13, 1969 -- NBC -- TV news: Vanderbilt Television News Archive". vanderbilt.edu. 
  40. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  41. ^ Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
  42. ^ Ratnikas, Algis. "Timeline Cuba". timelines.ws. 
  43. ^ N.C. hijacker who forced plane to Cuba dies at 59 The Associated Press
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Cuban Political Violence in the United States Disorders and terrorism, National Advisory Committee, on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals Washington: 1976. Report of the Task Force on Disorders and Terrorism Appendix 6: Chronology of incidents of terroristic, quasi-terroristic attacks, and political violence in the United States: January 1965 to March 1976 By Marcia McKnight Trick
  45. ^ Time of Transition: The 70s, Our American Century, Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, p.134-5
  46. ^ Reader's Digest (author/publisher). (1983). People in Peril and How They Survived. We're Taking Over This Plane and We're Not Gonna Have Any Heroes! 573 pages.
  47. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-1011 TriStar registration unknown Havana". aviation-safety.net. 
  48. ^ Cuban Man Gets 10 Years for Hijacking The Associated Press
  49. ^ [1] CBS News
  50. ^ Attempted hijackings in Cuba since 1987
  51. ^ Cuban Plane Hijacked Aired September 19, 2000 CNN transcripts
  52. ^ [www.keynoter.com] Florida Keys Keynoter, Tuesday, April 26, 2005[dead link]
  53. ^ Events Related To Cuba Harpers Magazine
  54. ^ PERMANENT MISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF CUBA TO THE UNITED NATIONS
  55. ^ Cuba's sweep of dissidents intensifies with at least 55 detained Yahoo News

External links