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List of Coptic place names

Below is list of Coptic place names for places in Egypt (Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ, Kaami) and the Middle East:

Greater Cairo & Giza Governorate

  • Cairo – ϯⲕⲁϣⲣⲱⲙⲓ (Kashromi), "men breaker"; ⲗⲓⲟⲩⲓ (Lioui) most likely from Greek Ἡλιούπολις, Heliopolis
    • Athar an Nabi – ϩⲁⲑⲱⲣⲛⲟⲩⲃ (Hatornub) "Golden Hathor"
  • Helwan – ϩⲁⲗⲟⲩⲁⲛ (Halouan)
  • Giza – Ϯⲡⲉⲣⲥⲓⲥ, Ϯⲡⲉⲣⲥⲓⲟⲓ (Dipersis, Tipersioi) "the Persian (fortress)"; ⲅⲓⲍⲁ (Giza)
  • Atfih – ⲧⲡⲏϩ (Tpeh), "cow-headed (Hathor)"
  • Heliopolis – ⲱⲛ (On)
  • Ausim – ⲉⲩⲥⲓⲙ (Eusim); ⲃⲟⲩϣⲏⲙ (Wushem)
  • Badrashin – ⲡⲉⲧⲑⲣⲱϣ (Bedtrosh), "flamingo"
  • Dahshur – ⲧⲁϩϭⲟⲩⲣ (Dahtchur)
  • Abu Sir – ⲡⲟⲩⲥⲓⲣ (Busir), "House of Osiris"
  • Umm Khnan – ⲙⲟⲭⲛⲟⲛ (Moknon) (Gr.)
  • Abu Nimras – ⲡⲛⲟⲙⲉⲣⲟⲥ (Bonomeros)
  • Tirsa – ϯⲣⲥⲱ (Dirso), "fortress"
  • Tamwa – ⲧⲁⲙⲙⲱⲟⲩ (Dammow)
  • At Tarqaya – ⲧⲟⲟⲩϦⲣⲓ (Dowukhri), "the arsenal, shipyard"
  • At-Tebin – ⲧϩⲁⲡⲓⲛ (Thapin)
  • Shubramant – ϫⲉⲫⲣⲟ ⲉⲙⲉⲛⲧ (Jephro Ement), "western hamlet"
  • Tura – ⲧⲣⲱⲁ (Troa)
  • Shubra el-Kheima – ϫⲉⲫⲣⲟ ϩⲃⲱ (Jephro Hwo), "hamlet of covering, garment"
  • Al-Manshi – ⲙⲉⲛϣ (Mensh), from Egyptian menkh, domain of Sneferu

Alexandria

  • Alexandria – ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ (Gr.), ⲣⲁⲕⲟϯ (Alexandria, Rakodi)
  • Damanhur – ϯⲙⲓⲛϩⲱⲣ (Timinhor), "settlement of Horus"
  • Wadi Natrun – ϣⲓϩⲏⲧ (Shihit), "measure of hearts"
  • Rosetta – ⲣⲁϣⲓⲧ (Rashit)
  • Edku – ⲧⲕⲱⲟⲩ (Tkow)

Delta

  • Menouf – ⲟⲛⲟⲩϥⲉ (Onufe)
  • Tanta – ⲧⲁⲛⲧⲁⲑⲟ (Tantato)
  • Zefta – ⲍⲉⲃⲉⲑⲉ (Zewete)
  • Lake Burullus – ⲗⲓⲙⲛⲏ ⲛⲓⲕⲉϫⲱⲟⲩ (Limne Nikedjow)
  • El–Mahalla El–Kubra – ϯϣⲁⲓⲣⲓ (Dishairi), "the residence"
  • Damietta – ⲧⲁⲙⲓⲁϯ (Damiadi), "port"
  • Basyoun – ⲡⲓⲥⲉⲱⲟⲩⲛ (Bisewun) "the pool"
  • Fuwa – ⲙⲉⲗⲉϫ (Melej)
  • Mashtul – ⲙⲉϣⲧⲱⲗ (Meshtol), "tower"
  • Difra – ϯⲫⲣⲉ (Tifre)
  • Benha – ⲡⲁⲛⲁϩⲟ (Banaho), "house of sycamore"
  • Marsafa – ⲙⲉⲣϫⲱⲡⲓ (Merjobi), "temple pool, lake"
  • Sindibis – ϯⲥⲉⲃⲉⲛⲥⲏ (Disebensi), "place of burnt offerings"
  • Sanafir – ⲥⲉⲛⲛⲟⲩϥⲣⲓ (Senufri), "place of good, profit"
  • Nub Taha – ⲛⲟⲩⲃ ⲧⲟⲩϩⲟ (Nub Tuho), "settlement of gold"
  • Nawa – ⲛⲁⲩⲓ (Nawi), "bundle of flax"
  • Shiblangah – ϫⲉⲃⲣⲟⲛ̀ⲛⲉϫⲓ (Jebroenneji), "settlement of subjects"
  • Tisfa – ϯⲥⲉⲡⲓ (Tisepi), "district, abode of district’s administration or flood waters ’bank, bank of a river"
  • Qaha – ⲕⲁϩⲓ (Kahi), "area, district, soil"
  • Biltan – ⲡⲉⲗⲧⲏⲛⲉ (Beltane), "anti-flood dam"
  • Isnit – ⲥⲁⲛⲓⲱⲧ (Saniot), "oats-seller"
  • Imyay – ⲁⲙⲁⲩⲉⲓ (Amayey), "shepherd of cattle, sheep herds"
  • Tuh – ⲧⲱⲟⲩϦ (Towkh), "flood waters"
  • Sandanhur – ⲥⲉⲛϯⲛϩⲱⲣ (Sendinhor), "foundation of Horus"
  • Farsis – ⲫⲉⲣⲥⲏⲥ (Phersis), "house, temple of the Pearl-Horus"
  • Ikyad Digwa – ⲁⲕⲏⲧⲱ ϯⲕⲉⲃⲓ (Akido Dikewi)
  • Sinhira – ⲥⲉⲛϩⲓⲣⲏ (Senhira), "place of the Highest God"
  • Kalama – ⲕⲉⲗⲉⲙⲁ (Kelema), "chapel of Sun God"
  • Bahtim – ⲡⲉϩⲟⲓⲧⲏⲧ (Behoitit) "(house, temple of the Shining (Hathor)"
  • Bigam – ⲡⲉϫⲁⲙ (Bejam), "house, temple of Hathor"
  • Namul – ⲛⲁⲙⲟⲩⲛ (Namun), "belonging to Amun"
  • Barkata – ⲡⲉⲣⲁⲕⲧⲱ (Berakto), "house, temple of the Creator (Khnum)"
  • Atrib – ⲁⲑⲣⲏⲃ (Atrib), "palace, temple situated in the centre"

Suez Canal and the Sinai

  • Sinai – ⲥⲓⲛⲁ (Sina)
    • Arish – ϩⲣⲓⲛⲟⲕⲟⲣⲟⲩⲣⲁ (Hrinokorura) (Gr.)
    • Farama – ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲛ (Beremun), "house of Amun"
    • Sheikh Zuweid – ⲃⲁⲓⲧⲩⲗⲟⲩⲁ (Waitulua)
    • Mahammediya – ⲅⲉⲣⲁⲥ (Geras) (Gr.)
    • El-Qels – ⲕⲁⲥⲓⲟⲥ (Kasios) (Gr.)
  • Red Sea – ⲫⲓⲟⲙ ⲛ̀ϩⲁϩ (Fiom Enhah)
  • Zagazig – ϫⲱⲕⲉϫⲓⲕ (Jokejik), "small fish"
Map of Egypt with Coptic place names

North Upper Egypt

  • Mallawi – ⲙⲁⲛⲗⲁⲩ (Manlau), "place of textile"
  • Faiyum – ⲫⲓⲟⲙ (Phiom), "the sea, lake"
  • Sanhur – ϣⲉⲛϩⲱⲣ (Shenhor), "the residence of Horus"
  • Sinnuris – ⲯⲓⲛⲟⲩⲣⲉⲥ (Psinures) (Gr.)
  • Ibshaway – ⲡⲓϣⲁⲉⲓ (Bishaei)
  • Abu Girg – ⲡⲉϭⲉⲣϭⲉ (Becherche), "temple, house of Horus"
  • Tamiyah – ⲧⲁⲙⲁⲟⲩⲓⲥ (Tamauis) (Gr.)
  • Hawarra – ϩⲟⲩⲱⲣ (Howor), "great house"
  • Lahun – ⲗⲉϩⲱⲛⲉ (Lehone), "the mouth, door"
  • Minya – ⲧⲙⲱⲛⲏ (Tmone)
  • Beni Suef – ⲡⲟⲩϥⲓⲥⲁ (Bufisa) (Gr.)

Asyut

  • Asyut – ⲥⲓⲟⲟⲩⲧ (Siowt), "place of Anubis"
  • Kharga – ϩⲏⲃ (Hib)
  • Abutig – ⲁⲡⲟⲩⲑⲏⲕ (Abutek), "storehouse"
  • Abnub – ⲡⲁⲛⲟⲩⲃ (Banub), "house, temple of gold"
  • Manfalut – ⲙⲁⲛⲃⲁⲗⲟⲧ (Manwalot), "place of leather clothing"

South Upper Egypt

  • Akhmim – ⲭⲙⲓⲛ, ϣⲙⲓⲛ (Khmin, Shmin), "the abode of Min"
  • Luxor – ⲛⲏ (Ne)
  • Abydos – ⲉⲃⲱⲧ (Ebot)
  • Girga – ϭⲉⲣϭⲉ, ⲧⲓⲛ (Cherche, Tin), "the Horus"
  • Qena – ⲕⲱⲛⲏ (Kone)
  • Aswan – ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲛ (Suan), "place of trade"
  • Esne – ⲥⲛⲏ (Sne)
  • Edfu – ⲉⲧⲃⲟ (Etwo)
  • Kom Ombo – ⲙⲃⲱ (Mbo)
  • Qasr Ibrim – ⲡⲣⲓⲙ (Brim)
  • Dendera – ⲧⲉⲛⲧⲱⲣⲓ, ⲛⲓⲧⲉⲛⲧⲱⲣⲓ (Dendori, Nidendori), "the goddess"
  • Wannina – ⲁⲧⲣⲓⲡⲉ (Atribe), "palace, temple of Repyt"

Outside of Egypt

  • Jerusalem – ϩⲓⲉⲣⲟⲩⲥⲁⲗⲏⲙ (Hierusalim)
  • Rome – ϩⲣⲱⲙⲏ (Hroma)
  • Damascus – Ⲇⲁⲙⲁⲥⲕⲟⲥ (Damaskos)
  • Gilan – ⲕⲓⲗⲁⲛ (Kilan)
  • Hamadan – ⲁⲙⲁϩⲁⲑⲁⲛ (Amahatan)
  • Shusha – ⲥⲟⲩⲥⲱⲛ (Souson)
  • Khuzestan – ⲟⲍⲉⲟⲥ (Ozeos)
  • Tigris – ϯⲅⲣⲓⲥ, ⲡⲛⲁϭ ⲛ̀ⲓⲉⲣⲟ (Tigris, Bnach Eniero)[1]
  • Shoubak – ϣⲱⲃⲉⲕ (Shobek)

Countries

  • Israel – ⲡⲓⲥⲣⲁⲏⲗ (Bisrael)
  • Greece – ⲏⲉⲗⲗⲁⲥ (Hellas); ⲧⲉⲛⲟⲩⲉⲓⲛⲓⲛ (Denweynin)[2], "land of Ionians"
  • Cyprus – ⲕⲩⲡⲣⲟⲥ (Kubros)
  • Ethiopia – ⲉⲑⲱϣ (Etosh)
  • Libya – ⲗⲩⲃⲏ, Ⲗⲏⲃⲓ (Luwi, Liwi); ⲧⲉⲙⲫⲁⲓⲁⲧ (Demphayat)[3]
  • Syria – ⲥⲩⲣⲓⲁ (Suria)
  • India – ϩⲉⲛⲧ (Hent)[4]

Other

References

  1. ^ "[NHMS 087] Iain Gardner, Jason D. BeDuhn, Paul Dilley Mani at the Court of the Persian Kings Studies on the Chester Beatty Kephalaia Codex 2015.pdf | Codex | Color". Scribd. Retrieved 2017-11-22.
  2. ^ "Trismegistos". www.trismegistos.org. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  3. ^ "Trismegistos". www.trismegistos.org. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  4. ^ "Trismegistos". www.trismegistos.org. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  1. Trismegistos Geo ([www.trismegistos.org]"
  2. Claremont Coptic Encyclopedia". Claremont Colleges Digital Library. Claremont Colleges. Retrieved 10 January 2016
  3. Emile Amélineau. La géographie de l’Egypte à l'époque copte. — Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1893. — 690 p.
  4. Henricus Tattam, S.T.P.. Prophetae Majores in dialecto linguae Aegyptiacae Memphitica seu Coptica. — Oxford, 1852
  5. A Coptic Palimpsest Containing Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Judith and Esther In The Sahidic Dialect, Edited By Sir Herbert Thompson. — Oxford, 1911.
  6. Werner Vycichl. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue copte. — Louvain, 1983.