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List of American Civil War battles

Battles of the American Civil War were fought between April 12, 1861 and May 12–13, 1865 in 24 states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia[A]), the District of Columbia, as well as the following territories: Arizona Territory[B], Colorado Territory, Dakota Territory, Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), New Mexico Territory, and Washington Territory, and naval engagements. These battles would change the standing and historical memory of the United States. While the origins of the war are complex, principal among them were the issue of slavery, and the interpretations of the Constitution and the rules, rights, and qualifications that it embodied.

For lists of battles organized by campaign and theater, see:

Some battles have more than one name; e.g., the battles known in the North as Battle of Antietam and Second Battle of Bull Run were referred to as the Battle of Sharpsburg and the Battle of Manassas, respectively, by the South. This was because the North tended to name battles after landmarks (often rivers or bodies of water), whereas the South named battles after nearby towns.

Battles of the American Civil War by Theater and Year

Battles rated by CWSAC

The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) was established within the United States National Park Service to classify the preservation status of historic battlefield land. In 1993, the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (CWSAC) reported to Congress and the ABPP on their extensive analysis of significant battles and battlefields. Of the estimated 8,000 occasions in which hostilities occurred in the American Civil War, this table and related articles describe the 384 battles that were classified in CWSAC's Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields. In addition to the status of battlefield land preservation (not included in this table) CWSAC rated the military significance of the battles into four classes, as follows:[1][2]

Class A – Decisive: A general engagement involving field armies in which a commander achieved a vital strategic objective. Such a result might include an indisputable victory on the field or be limited to the success or termination of a campaign offensive. Decisive battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the war.
Class B – Major: An engagement of magnitude involving field armies or divisions of the armies in which a commander achieved an important strategic objective within the context of an ongoing campaign offensive. Major battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the campaign.
Class C – Formative: An engagement involving divisions or detachments of the field armies in which a commander accomplished a limited campaign objective of reconnaissance, disruption, defense, or occupation. Formative battles had an observable influence on the direction, duration, or conduct of the campaign.
Class D – Limited: An engagement, typically involving detachments of the field armies, in which a commander achieved a limited tactical objective of reconnaissance, defense, or occupation. Limited battles maintained contact between the combatants without observable influence on the direction of the campaign.
Battles of the American Civil War Rated by CWSAC
Date Battle State CWSAC Outcome
Victory Notes
April 12–13, 1861 Battle of Fort Sumter South Carolina
A
Confederate Beauregard takes Charleston Federal fort in the first battle of the American Civil War.
May 18–19, 1861 Battle of Sewell's Point Virginia
D
Inconclusive Union gunboats fight inconclusive battle with Confederate artillery.
May 29 – June 1, 1861 Battle of Aquia Creek Virginia
D
Inconclusive Confederate artillery hit by naval bombardment, later withdrawn.
June 3, 1861 Battle of Philippi (West Virginia) West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
D
Union Union forces out a small Confederate detachment in Western Virginia.
June 10, 1861 Battle of Big Bethel Virginia
C
Confederate Union attack on Confederate positions near a church repelled.
June 17, 1861 Battle of Boonville (Missouri) Missouri
C
Union Union forces defeat pro-Confederate governor's Missouri State Guard.
July 2, 1861 Battle of Hoke's Run West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
D
Union Robert Patterson defeats Jackson's Confederates but fails to capitalize on his victory.
July 5, 1861 Battle of Carthage Missouri
C
Confederate Confederate victory in Missouri during U.S. Civil War.
July 11, 1861 Battle of Rich Mountain West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
B
Union Confederate forces under Gen. Robert S. Garnett split in half mid-battle by Union forces under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan. One half surrenders; the other escapes.
July 18, 1861 Battle of Blackburn's Ford Virginia
C
Confederate Irvin McDowell's recon-in-force defeated at Manassas.
July 21, 1861 First Battle of Bull Run
or First Manassas
Virginia
A
Confederate McDowell loses to J.E. Johnston, Beauregard; Jackson named "Stonewall".
August 10, 1861 Battle of Wilson's Creek or Oak Hills Missouri
A
Confederate Union forces under Nathaniel Lyon and Samuel D. Sturgis lose to Confederates under Sterling Price and Benjamin McCulloch. Lyon is killed. First major battle west of the Mississippi.
August 26, 1861 Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
D
Confederate Confederates under John B. Floyd surprise and defeat Union forces under Erastus B. Tyler.
August 28–29, 1861 Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries North Carolina
C
Union Union forces capture two North Carolina forts.
September 2, 1861 Battle of Dry Wood Creek Missouri
D
Confederate Union cavalry from Kansas defeated by Missouri State Guard.
September 10, 1861 Battle of Carnifex Ferry West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
B
Union Confederates withdraw by night after several hours of fighting.
September 12–15, 1861 Battle of Cheat Mountain West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
B
Union 300 Union troops withstand uncoordinated Confederate attacks.
September 13–20, 1861 First Battle of Lexington Missouri
C
Confederate Union forces badly defeated by Missouri State Guard.
September 17, 1861 Action at Blue Mills Landing Missouri
D
Confederate Minor Missouri State Guard victory.
September 19, 1861 Battle of Barbourville Kentucky
D
Confederate Zollicoffer raided a Federal recruitment camp and brought a counter-thrust.
October 3, 1861 Battle of Greenbrier River West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
D
Inconclusive Confederates withdraw after inconclusive battle.
October 9, 1861 Battle of Santa Rosa Island Florida
C
Union Union forces repel Confederate attempt to capture island.
October 21, 1861 Battle of Camp Wildcat Kentucky
C
Union Confederates chased from Cumberland Gap
October 21, 1861 Engagement at Fredericktown Missouri
D
Union Missouri State Guard defeated.
October 21, 1861 Battle of Ball's Bluff or Leesburg Virginia
B
Confederate 550 Union soldiers captured.
October 25, 1861 First Battle of Springfield Missouri
D
Union Union forces capture town.
November 7, 1861 Battle of Belmont Missouri
C
Inconclusive Grant captures and destroys Confederate supplies near Cairo, Illinois.
November 8, 1861 Battle of Ivy Mountain Kentucky
D
Union
November 19, 1861 Battle of Round Mountain Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
D
Confederate Opothleyahola's Unionist Creeks and Seminoles defeated near present-day Stillwater.
December 9, 1861 Battle of Chusto-Talasah Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
D
Confederate Opothleyahola defeated near present-day Tulsa.
December 13, 1861 Battle of Camp Allegheny West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
C
Inconclusive Confederates withstand Union attack.
December 17, 1861 Battle of Rowlett's Station Kentucky
D
Inconclusive Union soldiers hold area, but do not launch any counter thrusts. Confederates and Texas Rangers retreat.
December 20, 1861 Battle of Dranesville Virginia
C
Union Union defeats Confederate forces under J.E.B. Stuart.
December 26, 1861 Battle of Chustenahlah Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
B
Confederate Opothleyahola defeated, flees to Kansas.
December 28, 1861 Battle of Mount Zion Church Missouri
D
Union Union victory in Northeastern Missouri.
January 3, 1862 Battle of Cockpit Point Virginia
C
Inconclusive Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
January 5–6, 1862 Battle of Hancock Maryland
D
Inconclusive Unsuccessful Confederate attack on Maryland town.
January 8, 1862 Battle of Roan's Tan Yard Missouri
D
Union Confederates routed.
January 10, 1862 Battle of Middle Creek Kentucky
C
Union Union forces under James A. Garfield defeat Confederates under Humphrey Marshall.
January 19, 1862 Battle of Mill Springs Kentucky
B
Union Felix Zollicoffer killed.
February 6, 1862 Battle of Fort Henry Tennessee
B
Union Ulysses S. Grant and Foote's gunboats gain control of Tennessee River by defeating Lloyd Tilghman
February 7–8, 1862 Battle of Roanoke Island North Carolina
B
Union Union forces under Ambrose E. Burnside capture island from Henry A. Wise
February 11–16, 1862 Battle of Fort Donelson Tennessee
A
Union Confederate army under Simon Bolivar Buckner surrenders to Grant, Union gains control of Cumberland River
February 20–21, 1862 Battle of Valverde New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory at the time)
B
Confederate Union forces routed in New Mexico Territory.
February 28 –
April 8, 1862
Battle of Island Number Ten
(Battle of New Madrid)
Missouri
A
Union Union victory by Pope over John P. McCown.
March 6–8, 1862 Battle of Pea Ridge or Elkhorn Tavern Arkansas
A
Union Union victory by Samuel Ryan Curtis over Earl Van Dorn ensured continued Union control of Missouri.
March 8–9, 1862 Battle of Hampton Roads Virginia
B
Inconclusive USS Monitor battles CSS Virginia, battle ends in a draw.
March 14, 1862 Battle of New Bern North Carolina
B
Union Union troops disembark from ships and capture the town.
March 23, 1862 First Battle of Kernstown Virginia
B
Union Union forces defeat Confederates under "Stonewall" Jackson.
March 23 – April 26, 1862 Battle of Fort Macon North Carolina
C
Union Confederate fort surrenders after Union artillery bombardment.
March 26–28, 1862 Battle of Glorieta Pass New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory at the time)
A
Inconclusive Confederate tactical victory. Union strategic victory. Dubbed the "Gettysburg of the West".
April 5 – May 4, 1862 Siege of Yorktown (1862)
(Battle of Yorktown)
Virginia
B
Inconclusive Union troops win skirmish near site of decisive Revolutionary War battle.
April 6–7, 1862 Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing Tennessee
A
Union Grant and reinforcements under Buell repulse Albert Sidney Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard, but the Union lost more men.
April 10–11, 1862 Battle of Fort Pulaski Georgia
B
Union Union blockade closes Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
April 18–28, 1862 Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip Louisiana
A
Union Decisive battle for possession of New Orleans.
April 19, 1862 Battle of South Mills North Carolina
D
Inconclusive Confederates thwart attempt to destroy a canal.
April 25 – May 1, 1862 Capture of New Orleans Louisiana
B
Union Union forces capture city.
April 29 – May 30, 1862 Siege of Corinth Mississippi
A
Union Union forces capture town, Beauregard tricks Union in order to escape to Tupelo.
May 5, 1862 Battle of Williamsburg Virginia
B
Inconclusive McClellan and Longstreet fight inconclusive battle.
May 7, 1862 Battle of Eltham's Landing Virginia
D
Inconclusive Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
May 8, 1862 Battle of McDowell Virginia
C
Confederate Stonewall Jackson's Confederates defeat Union forces.
May 15, 1862 Battle of Drewry's Bluff Virginia
B
Confederate Union naval attack repelled by Confederate artillery.
May 15–17, 1862 Battle of Princeton Court House West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
C
Confederate
May 23, 1862 Battle of Front Royal Virginia
C
Confederate Stonewall Jackson threatens the Union rear, forces their retreat.
May 25, 1862 First Battle of Winchester Virginia
A
Confederate Stonewall Jackson defeats Nathaniel P. Banks.
May 27, 1862 Battle of Hanover Court House Virginia
C
Union Union victory during U.S. Civil War.
May 31 – June 1, 1862 Battle of Seven Pines Virginia
B
Inconclusive J.E. Johnston attacks Union forces, wounded, inconclusive
June 5, 1862 Battle of Tranter's Creek North Carolina
D
Union Confederate forces retreat after Colonel Singletary is killed.
June 6, 1862 Battle of Memphis Tennessee
B
Union Union forces capture the city.
June 7–8, 1862 First Battle of Chattanooga Tennessee
D
Union Union forces bombard the town.
June 8, 1862 Battle of Cross Keys Virginia
B
Confederate John C. Fremont defeated by elements of Stonewall Jackson's force.
June 9, 1862 Battle of Port Republic Virginia
B
Confederate Costly victory for Stonewall Jackson.
June 16, 1862 Battle of Secessionville South Carolina
B
Confederate Union repulsed, Union commander later court-martialed for disobeying orders.
June 17, 1862 Battle of Saint Charles Arkansas
C
Union The USS Mound City is hit by Confederate shore gun and explodes.
June 21, 1862 Battle of Simmon's Bluff South Carolina
D
Union
June 25, 1862 Battle of Oak Grove Virginia
D
Inconclusive (Seven Days Battles) Indecisive battle between McClellan and Lee.
June 26, 1862 Battle of Beaver Dam Creek or Mechanicsville Virginia
B
Union (Seven Days) Robert E. Lee defeated.
June 27, 1862 Battle of Gaines' Mill or Chickahominy River Virginia
A
Confederate (Seven Days) Lee defeats McClellan.
June 27–28, 1862 Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm Virginia
D
Inconclusive (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between Lee and McClellan.
June 29, 1862 Battle of Savage's Station Virginia
C
Inconclusive (Seven Days) Union forces withdraw.
June 30 – July 1, 1862 Battle of Tampa Florida
D
Confederate Union gunboat attacks, but later withdraws.
June 30, 1862 Battle of Glendale Virginia
B
Inconclusive (Seven Days) McClellan retreats from Lee's Confederates.
June 30, 1862 Battle of White Oak Swamp Virginia
C
Inconclusive Indecisive artillery duel.
July 1, 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill Virginia
A
Union (Seven Days) McClellan defeats Lee but withdraws after battle.
July 7, 1862 Battle of Cotton Plant
(Battle of Hill's Plantation)
Arkansas
D
Union Union victory in Arkansas.
July 13, 1862 First Battle of Murfreesboro Tennessee
C
Confederate
August 5, 1862 Battle of Baton Rouge Louisiana
B
Union Union troops repulse attempt to recapture Baton Rouge.
August 6–9, 1862 Battle of Kirksville Missouri
D
Union Union forces capture town.
August 9, 1862 First Battle of Donaldsonville Louisiana
D
Union
August 9, 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain Virginia
B
Confederate Union forces repelled by Confederate counter-attack.
August 11, 1862 First Battle of Independence Missouri
D
Confederate Confederate victory near Kansas City.
August 15–16, 1862 Battle of Lone Jack Missouri
D
Confederate Confederate victory, Union commander killed. Rebels forced to withdraw after battle.
August 21–22, 1862 Battle of Fort Ridgely Minnesota
C
Union Dakota War of 1862: Failed Santee Sioux attack on Union controlled fort.
August 22–25, 1862 First Battle of Rappahannock Station Virginia
D
Inconclusive Union supplies destroyed during skirmish.
August 25–27, 1862 Battle of Manassas Station Ops. Virginia
B
Confederate Jackson turns into Pope's rear area; destroys Manassas Station.
August 28–30, 1862 Second Battle of Bull Run
or Second Manassas
Virginia
A
Confederate Lee defeats Pope's Army of Virginia
August 28, 1862 Battle of Thoroughfare Gap Virginia
C
Confederate Longstreet defeats small Union force to arrive at Manassas battlefield.
August 30, 1862 Battle of Richmond (Kentucky) Kentucky
B
Confederate Edmund Kirby Smith routs Union army under Brig. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson.
September 1, 1862 Battle of Chantilly or Ox Hill Virginia
B
Inconclusive Union forces nearly being cut off, Isaac Stevens and Philip Kearny are killed.
September 12–15, 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
B
Confederate Stonewall Jackson captures Union garrison under Dixon S. Miles
September 14–17, 1862 Battle of Munfordville Kentucky
B
Confederate Union force surrenders.
September 14, 1862 Battle of South Mountain or Boonsboro Maryland
B
Union McClellan defeats Lee.
September 17, 1862 Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg Maryland
A
Union McClellan ends Lee's first invasion of North, bloodiest single day of the war.
September 19–20, 1862 Battle of Shepherdstown West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
C
Confederate Confederate brigades counterattack and defeat pursuing Union brigades.
September 19, 1862 Battle of Iuka Mississippi
C
Union Rosecrans is victorious over Price near Mississippi town.
September 23, 1862 Battle of Wood Lake Minnesota
C
Union Dakota War of 1862: Overwhelming defeat of Santee Sioux forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
September 24, 1862 First Battle of Sabine Pass Texas
C
Union
September 30, 1862 First Battle of Newtonia Missouri
C
Confederate Union forces panic under bombardment from Confederate artillery.
October 1–3, 1862 Battle of Saint John's Bluff Florida
D
Union
October 3–4, 1862 Second Battle of Corinth
(Battle of Corinth)
Mississippi
B
Union Confederate attack fails.
October 4, 1862 Battle of Galveston Harbor (1862)
(First Battle of Galveston)
Texas
D
Union
October 5, 1862 Battle of Hatchie's Bridge Tennessee
C
Inconclusive Confederate force under Earl Van Dorn escapes across river.
October 8, 1862 Battle of Perryville or Chaplin Hills Kentucky
A
Inconclusive Tactical indecisive battle that ended Bragg's Kentucky campaign.
October 22, 1862 Battle of Old Fort Wayne Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
D
Union
October 27, 1862 Battle of Georgia Landing Louisiana
C
Union
November 7, 1862 Battle of Clark's Mill Missouri
D
Confederate Union force surrenders to larger Confederate force.
November 28, 1862 Battle of Cane Hill Arkansas
C
Confederate Small Confederate force delays Union while larger force escapes.
December 7, 1862 Battle of Prairie Grove Arkansas
B
Union Union secures NW Arkansas.
December 7, 1862 Battle of Hartsville Tennessee
C
Confederate Disguised in Union uniforms, Confederates infiltrate and defeat Union forces.
December 13, 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg Virginia
A
Confederate Lee beats back repeated frontal assaults by Burnside.
December 14, 1862 Battle of Kinston North Carolina
D
Union Union forces under John G. Foster defeat Confederates under Nathan Evans.
December 16, 1862 Battle of White Hall North Carolina
D
Inconclusive Foster fights indecisive battle with Beverly Robertson.
December 17, 1862 Battle of Goldsboro Bridge North Carolina
C
Union Foster defeats Confederates and destroys the bridge.
December 19, 1862 Battle of Jackson, Tennessee Tennessee
D
Union Confederate feint to distract Union forces.
December 26–29, 1862 Battle of Chickasaw Bayou Mississippi
B
Confederate (Vicksburg Campaign) Pemberton defeats Sherman; Union attack on Confederate right flank thwarted.
December 31, 1862 Battle of Parker's Cross Roads Tennessee
C
Confederate Confederates repel Union double-pronged assault.
December 31, 1862 –
January 2, 1863
Battle of Stones River
(Second Battle of Murfreesboro)
Tennessee
A
Union Bragg forced to withdraw after losing 11,739 men.
January 1, 1863 Battle of Galveston
(Second Battle of Galveston)
Texas
B
Confederate John B. Magruder expels occupying Union troops from Galveston, Texas.
January 8, 1863 Second Battle of Springfield Missouri
D
Union Confederates enter town, but are unable to take nearby fort.
January 9, 1863 Battle of Arkansas Post (Battle of Fort Hindman) Arkansas
C
Union Part of Vicksburg Campaign, fight for control of mouth of Arkansas River.
January 9–11, 1863 Battle of Hartville Missouri
D
Confederate Confederates are victorious, but unable to continue raid.
January 29, 1863 Bear River Massacre Idaho
(Washington Territory at the time)
C
Union American Indian Wars: Shoshone forces massacred by Union troops.
February 3, 1863 Battle of Dover Tennessee
D
Union Failed Confederate attack on town.
March 5, 1863 Battle of Fort McAllister (1863) Georgia
C
Confederate
March 5, 1863 Battle of Thompson's Station Tennessee
C
Confederate
March 13–15, 1863 Battle of Fort Anderson North Carolina
D
Union Daniel H. Hill leads unsuccessful Confederate attack on New Bern.
March 17, 1863 Battle of Kelly's Ford Virginia
C
Confederate Indecisive cavalry battle during Civil War.
March 20, 1863 Battle of Vaught's Hill Tennessee
D
Union Union forces withstand attack by John Hunt Morgan's Confederates.
March 25, 1863 Battle of Brentwood Tennessee
D
Confederate Union force surrenders.
March 30 – April 20, 1863 Battle of Washington, NC North Carolina
D
Inconclusive Hill unable to take North Carolina town from Union forces.
April 7, 1863 First Battle of Charleston Harbor South Carolina
C
Confederate
April 10, 1863 Battle of Franklin (1863) Tennessee
D
Union Confederates withdraw after rearguard defeat.
April 11 – May 4, 1863 Battle of Suffolk (Hill's Point)
(Battle of Fort Huger)
Virginia
C
Inconclusive
April 11 – May 4, 1863 Battle of Suffolk (Norfleet House);
Siege of Suffolk
Virginia
C
Inconclusive Twin battles fought over Suffolk.
April 12–13, 1863 Battle of Fort Bisland Louisiana
D
Union
April 14, 1863 Battle of Irish Bend Louisiana
C
Union
April 17, 1863 Battle of Vermillion Bayou Louisiana
D
Union
April 26, 1863 Battle of Cape Girardeau Missouri
D
Union Confederate attack fails.
April 29, 1863 Battle of Grand Gulf Mississippi
C
Confederate Unsuccessful naval attack by Grant's forces.
April 29 – May 1, 1863 Battle of Snyder's Bluff Mississippi
D
Confederate Union feint during Vicksburg Campaign.
April 30, 1863 Battle of Day's Gap Alabama
C
Union Union victory during a raid in Alabama.
April 30 – May 6, 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville Virginia
A
Confederate Lee defeats Hooker's Army of Potomac, Jackson mortally wounded.
May 1, 1863 Battle of Port Gibson Mississippi
B
Union in Vicksburg campaign, Grant defeats Confederates
May 1–2, 1863 Battle of Chalk Bluff Arkansas
D
Confederate Confederates win but can't continue raid.
May 3, 1863 Second Battle of Fredericksburg Virginia
B
Union Union forces under John Sedgwick defeat Confederate forces left to guard the town by Lee.
May 3–4, 1863 Battle of Salem Church Virginia
B
Confederate Lee defeats Sedgwick.
May 12, 1863 Battle of Raymond Mississippi
B
Union Failed Confederate attempt to protect Vicksburg from approaching Federals.
May 14, 1863 Battle of Jackson, Mississippi Mississippi
B
Union Sherman, McPherson defeat Johnston
May 16, 1863 Battle of Champion Hill Mississippi
A
Union Grant defeats Pemberton.
May 17, 1863 Battle of Big Black River Bridge Mississippi
B
Union Confederate forces trapped in Vicksburg.
May 18 – July 4, 1863 Siege of Vicksburg Mississippi
A
Union the siege ends; Grant accepts surrender of second Confederate army under Pemberton.
May 21, 1863 Battle of Plains Store Louisiana
C
Union Union victory near Baton Rouge.
May 21 – July 9, 1863 Siege of Port Hudson Louisiana
A
Union last Confederate stronghold on Mississippi surrenders; Gardner surrenders to Banks.
June 7, 1863 Battle of Milliken's Bend Louisiana
C
Union In the largest battle fought between Confederate and Black troops, after nearly two days of close combat, the Confederates were defeated in their attempt to raise the siege of Vicksburg.
June 9, 1863 Battle of Brandy Station Virginia
B
Inconclusive Pleasonton surprises J.E.B. Stuart's cavalrymen in their camps near Brandy Station.
June 9, 1863 Battle of Lake Providence Louisiana
D
Union
June 13–15, 1863 Second Battle of Winchester Virginia
B
Confederate Confederate victory paves way for Lee's invasion of the North.
June 17, 1863 Battle of Aldie Virginia
C
Inconclusive Indecisive battle during Robert E. Lee's march north.
June 17–19, 1863 Battle of Middleburg Virginia
C
Inconclusive J.E.B. Stuart retreats from engagement with Union cavalry.
June 20–21, 1863 Battle of LaFourche Crossing Louisiana
D
Union
June 21, 1863 Battle of Upperville Virginia
C
Inconclusive Indecisive cavalry battle during Lee's invasion.
June 24–26, 1863 Battle of Hoover's Gap Tennessee
C
Union Union victory prevents Confederates in Tennessee from coming to the aid of Vicksburg.
June 28, 1863 Second Battle of Donaldsonville Louisiana
D
Union
June 29–30, 1863 Battle of Goodrich's Landing Louisiana
D
Inconclusive Confederates drive Union Black Regiments off of several plantations.
June 30, 1863 Battle of Hanover Pennsylvania
C
Inconclusive J.E.B. Stuart forced to change his route, delaying his efforts to unite with Lee's force outside Gettysburg.
July 1–2, 1863 Battle of Cabin Creek Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
C
Union
July 1–3, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg Pennsylvania
A
Union Lee loses to Meade, Pickett's Charge fails, ends second invasion of North. Confederate army arrived in Gettysburg to resupply army, unaware of Union army nearby.
July 4, 1863 Battle of Helena Arkansas
B
Union Confederate assault on river port fails securing eastern Arkansas for Union.
July 6–16, 1863 Battle of Williamsport Maryland
C
Inconclusive Meade and Lee fight indecisive battle.
July 8, 1863 Battle of Boonsboro Maryland
D
Inconclusive Indecisive action at rearguard of Lee's retreat.
July 9, 1863 Battle of Corydon Indiana
C
Confederate Confederate raid results in civilian casualties, including a Lutheran minister.
July 11, 1863 Battle of Fort Wagner South Carolina
D
Confederate first of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner.
July 12–13, 1863 Battle of Kock's Plantation Louisiana
C
Confederate
July 16, 1863 Battle of Grimball's Landing South Carolina
D
Inconclusive
July 17, 1863 Battle of Honey Springs Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
B
Union In Indian Territory, two largely Black and American Indian forces meet. Union victory.
July 18, 1863 Second Battle of Fort Wagner
(Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island)
South Carolina
B
Confederate second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the 54th Massachusetts.
July 19, 1863 Battle of Buffington Island Ohio
C
Union
July 23, 1863 Battle of Manassas Gap Virginia
D
Inconclusive Indecisive battle by day, Confederates withdraw by night.
July 24–25, 1863 Battle of Big Mound North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
C
Union Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Santee and Teton Sioux forces.
July 26, 1863 Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
D
Union Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Sibley defeats Sioux forces.
July 26, 1863 Battle of Salineville Ohio
D
Union Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan surrenders in Ohio. The northernmost battle in the Civil War.
July 28, 1863 Battle of Stony Lake North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
D
Union Dakota War of 1862: Sioux forces escape Union forces in pursuit.
August 17 –
September 9, 1863
Second Battle of Fort Sumter South Carolina
B
Confederate Union's massive bombardment and naval attack fails to retake the fort.
August 17 –
September 8, 1863
Second Battle of Charleston Harbor South Carolina
B
Inconclusive
August 21 –
September 8, 1863
Second Battle of Chattanooga Tennessee
D
Union Union captures town.
August 23, 1863 Lawrence Massacre
(Quantrill's Raid)
Kansas
C
Confederate Quantrill's Raiders pillage the city.
September 1, 1863 Battle of Devil's Backbone Arkansas
C
Union Union victory after heavy fighting.
September 3–5, 1863 Battle of Whitestone Hill North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
D
Union Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat several American Indian tribes including the Sioux and Blackfeet.
September 8, 1863 Second Battle of Sabine Pass Texas
B
Confederate Confederate forces place stakes in river to help aim their guns at Union ships.
September 10, 1863 Battle of Bayou Fourche Arkansas
B
Union Union victory allows for capture of Little Rock.
September 10–11, 1863 Battle of Davis's Cross Roads Georgia
C
Union Union forces establish defensive positions prior to Chickamauga.
September 19–20, 1863 Battle of Chickamauga Georgia
A
Confederate Bragg defeats Rosecrans, George Thomas of US anointed "The Rock of Chickamauga"
September 22, 1863 Battle of Blountville
(Battle of Blountsville)
Tennessee
D
Union Union forces capture town.
September 29, 1863 Battle of Stirling's Plantation Louisiana
D
Confederate
October 6, 1863 Battle of Baxter Springs Kansas
C
Confederate Quantrill's Raiders massacre Union Black Troops during U.S. Civil War.
October 10, 1863 Battle of Blue Springs Tennessee
D
Union Confederate forces overrun.
October 13, 1863 First Battle of Auburn Virginia
D
Union J.E.B. Stuart escapes by hiding in a ravine.
October 14, 1863 Battle of Bristoe Station Virginia
B
Union Meade defeats elements of Lee's forces, but Confederates destroy railroad during retreat.
October 14, 1863 Second Battle of Auburn Virginia
D
Inconclusive Confederates attack Union rearguard, indecisive.
October 16–18, 1863 Battle of Fort Brooke Florida
D
Union
October 19, 1863 Battle of Buckland Mills Virginia
D
Confederate Union cavalry caught in ambush, defeated.
October 25, 1863 Battle of Pine Bluff Arkansas
D
Union Confederate attack fails.
October 28–29, 1863 Battle of Wauhatchie Tennessee
B
Union Longstreet defeated by Union forces.
November 3, 1863 Battle of Collierville Tennessee
D
Union Abortive Confederate attack on the town.
November 6, 1863 Battle of Droop Mountain West Virginia
C
Union
November 7, 1863 Second Battle of Rappahannock Station Virginia
B
Union Union forces surge across river, forcing Lee to retreat.
November 16, 1863 Battle of Campbell's Station Tennessee
D
Union Confederate double-envelopment attempt fails.
November 24, 1863 Battle of Lookout Mountain Tennessee
A
Union Joseph Hooker takes Lookout Mountain in the "Battle Above the Clouds." Note: combined with the Battle of Missionary Ridge as Chattanooga III in the CWSAC report.
November 25, 1863 Battle of Missionary Ridge Tennessee
A
Union Grant routs Braxton Bragg's army ending the siege of Union forces in Chattanooga. Note: combined with the Battle of Lookout Mountain as Chattanooga III in the CWSAC report.
November 27 –
December 2, 1863
Battle of Mine Run Virginia
B
Inconclusive Meade bombards Lee's Confederates but then withdraws.
November 27, 1863 Battle of Ringgold Gap Georgia
B
Confederate Confederates under Patrick Cleburne defeat Union forces under Joseph Hooker.
November 29, 1863 Battle of Fort Sanders Tennessee
B
Union Longstreet unable to take fort due to poor quality gunpowder.
December 14, 1863 Battle of Bean's Station Tennessee
D
Confederate Union forces withdraw a short distance.
December 29, 1863 Battle of Mossy Creek Tennessee
D
Union Confederate cavalry forced back.
January 17, 1864 Battle of Dandridge Tennessee
C
Confederate Union forces withdraw.
January 26, 1864 Battle of Athens Alabama
D
Union Union victory in Northern Alabama.
January 27, 1864 Battle of Fair Garden Tennessee
C
Inconclusive Union victory followed by withdrawal.
February 6–7, 1864 Battle of Morton's Ford Virginia
D
Inconclusive Diversionary Union attack.
February 13, 1864 Battle of Middle Boggy Depot Oklahoma
(Indian Territory at the time)
D
Union
February 14–20, 1864 Battle of Meridian Mississippi
C
Union Sherman occupies town.
February 20, 1864 Battle of Olustee Florida
B
Confederate Union fails to take Florida.
February 22, 1864 Battle of Okolona Mississippi
B
Confederate Confederate cavalry, commanded by Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, routed 7,000 cavalry under the command of Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith.
February 22–27, 1864 First Battle of Dalton Georgia
C
Confederate After several days of intense skirmishing, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's army withdrew upon realizing Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's troops could repel any assault. However, the intelligence garnered from the Battle of Dalton helped pave the way for a Union victory in the summer.
March 2, 1864 Battle of Walkerton Virginia
C
Confederate controversy surrounding the Dahlgren Affair.
March 12–14, 1864 Battle of Fort De Russy Louisiana
B
Union Fort DeRussy fell and the Red River to Alexandria was open.
March 25, 1864 Battle of Paducah Kentucky
C
Confederate Confederate raid by Forrest successful.
April 3–4, 1864 Battle of Elkin's Ferry Arkansas
C
Union Confederates unable to prevent Union river crossing.
April 8, 1864 Battle of Mansfield or Sabine Cross Roads Louisiana
A
Confederate Banks Union Red River Campaign halted by the Confederates.
April 9–13, 1864 Battle of Prairie D'Ane Arkansas
B
Union Frederick Steele defeats Sterling Price.
April 9, 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill Louisiana
B
Union Confederate attack fails.
April 12, 1864 Battle of Fort Pillow Tennessee
B
Confederate N.B. Forrest takes fort, massacres black soldiers.
April 12–13, 1864 Battle of Blair's Landing Louisiana
C
Union
April 17, 1864 Battle of Plymouth North Carolina
C
Confederate Confederate land forces, supported by naval ram, retake two Union forts near Plymouth, North Carolina.
April 18, 1864 Battle of Poison Spring Arkansas
C
Confederate Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas, black troops massacred.
April 23, 1864 Battle of Monett's Ferry Louisiana
C
Union Confederate forces driven back.
April 25, 1864 Battle of Marks' Mills Arkansas
D
Confederate Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
April 30, 1864 Battle of Jenkins' Ferry Arkansas
C
Union Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
May 5, 1864 Battle of Albemarle Sound North Carolina
C
Inconclusive Indecisive naval battle during U.S. Civil War.
May 5–7, 1864 Battle of the Wilderness Virginia
A
Inconclusive Grant and Lee meet inconclusively.
May 6–7, 1864 Battle of Port Walthall Junction Virginia
C
Union Union forces destroy railroad
May 7–13, 1864 Battle of Rocky Face Ridge Georgia
C
Union Due to a flanking movement by Union troops under Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, Confederates led by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston were forced to evacuate their strong position near Atlanta.
May 8–21, 1864 Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Virginia
A
Inconclusive Grant and Lee meet inconclusively, Grant writes to Halleck "I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer".
May 9, 1864 Battle of Swift Creek Virginia
C
Inconclusive Union forces damage railroad, but are stopped by Confederate forces.
May 9, 1864 Battle of Cloyd's Mountain Virginia
C
Union Union victory, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins killed.
May 10, 1864 Battle of Chester Station Virginia
D
Inconclusive Union forces under Benjamin Butler pushed back.
May 10, 1864 Battle of Cove Mountain Virginia
D
Union Union victory after brief battle.
May 11, 1864 Battle of Yellow Tavern Virginia
C
Union Union forces win cavalry battle, J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded.
May 12–16, 1864 Battle of Proctor's Creek Virginia
B
Confederate Beauregard defeats Butler.
May 13, 1864 Battle of Resaca Georgia
C
Inconclusive Sherman defeats Johnston
May 15, 1864 Battle of New Market Virginia
B
Confederate Confederate forces halt Union army under Franz Sigel from advance up the Shenandoah Valley.
May 16, 1864 Battle of Mansura Louisiana
C
Union
May 17, 1864 Battle of Adairsville Georgia
C
Union Failed Confederate attempt to destroy part of the Union force approaching Atlanta.
May 18, 1864 Battle of Yellow Bayou Louisiana
C
Union
May 20, 1864 Battle of Ware Bottom Church Virginia
C
Confederate Beauregard boxes Butler in.
May 23–26, 1864 Battle of North Anna Virginia
B
Inconclusive Lee outmaneuvers Grant, but because of illness, he is unable to capitalize.
May 24, 1864 Battle of Wilson's Wharf Virginia
D
Union Confederates under Fitzhugh Lee defeated by two Union black regiments.
May 25–26, 1864 Battle of New Hope Church Georgia
C
Confederate Hooker's forces defeated.
May 26 – June 4, 1864 Battle of Dallas (Georgia) Georgia
C
Union Confederate withdrawal in Georgia.
May 27, 1864 Battle of Pickett's Mill Georgia
C
Confederate Unsuccessful attack by Sherman on Johnston.
May 28, 1864 Battle of Haw's Shop Virginia
C
Union Union advance halted.
May 28–30, 1864 Battle of Totopotomoy Creek Virginia
B
Inconclusive Union forces pushed back.
May 30, 1864 Battle of Old Church Virginia
C
Union Union forces drive Confederates back to Cold Harbor.
May 31 –
June 12, 1864
Battle of Cold Harbor Virginia
A
Confederate Lee repulses Grant, Confederate general says "This is not war, this is murder".
June 5, 1864 Battle of Piedmont Virginia
B
Union Union forces under David Hunter defeat Confederate defenses on march to Staunton, Virginia, upper Shenandoah Valley.
June 6, 1864 Battle of Old River Lake Arkansas
D
Union
June 6 – July 3, 1864 Battle of Marietta Georgia
B
Union Sherman defeats Johnston.
June 9, 1864 First Battle of Petersburg Virginia
D
Confederate Beauregard defeats Butler.
June 10, 1864 Battle of Brice's Crossroads Mississippi
B
Confederate N.B. Forrest routs Union force almost three times as large.
June 11–12, 1864 Battle of Cynthiana Kentucky
C
Union Union Brig. Gen. Stephen Gano Burbridge defeated Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan. Most Confederate soldiers were casualties, though Morgan escaped.
June 11–12, 1864 Battle of Trevilian Station Virginia
B
Confederate Confederate victory, George Armstrong Custer nearly surrounded and has to be rescued by Sheridan.
June 15–18, 1864 Second Battle of Petersburg Virginia
A
Confederate Lee repulses Grant at back door to Richmond.
June 17–18, 1864 Battle of Lynchburg Virginia
B
Confederate Fake Confederate reinforcements lead to Union retreat.
June 21–24, 1864 Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road Virginia
B
Inconclusive Union siege lines extended for Siege of Petersburg.
June 22, 1864 Battle of Kolb's Farm Georgia
C
Union Confederate attack fails due to poor terrain conditions.
June 24, 1864 Battle of Saint Mary's Church Virginia
D
Inconclusive Union forces fight a successful delaying action.
June 25, 1864 Battle of Staunton River Bridge Virginia
C
Confederate
June 27, 1864 Battle of Kennesaw Mountain Georgia
B
Confederate Johnston repulses Sherman.
June 28, 1864 Battle of Sappony Church Virginia
D
Confederate
June 29, 1864 First Battle of Ream's Station Virginia
C
Confederate Maj. Gen. William Mahone and Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee defeated Union cavalry raiding Confederate railroads south of Petersburg, Virginia.
July 9, 1864 Battle of Monocacy
(Battle of Monocacy Junction)
Maryland
B
Confederate Union Gen. Lew Wallace slows up Jubal Early, saving DC.
July 11–12, 1864 Battle of Fort Stevens District of Columbia
B
Union Failed Confederate attempt to capture Washington, D.C., President Lincoln, observing the battle, comes under Confederate fire.
July 14–15, 1864 Battle of Tupelo Mississippi
B
Union Confederate forces under Stephen D. Lee are defeated and Nathan Bedford Forrest is wounded in action.
July 18–19, 1864 Battle of Cool Spring Virginia
C
Confederate
July 20, 1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek Georgia
B
Union (Atlanta Campaign) First Confederate attack against Union forces north of Atlanta fails.
July 20, 1864 Battle of Rutherford's Farm Virginia
D
Union Confederates under Jubal Early caught by surprise and defeated.
July 22, 1864 Battle of Atlanta Georgia
B
Union (Atlanta Campaign) Sherman turns back Hood's attack east of Atlanta.
July 24, 1864 Second Battle of Kernstown Virginia
B
Confederate Jubal Early defeats Union forces.
July 27–29, 1864 First Battle of Deep Bottom Virginia
C
Confederate
July 28, 1864 Battle of Ezra Church Georgia
B
Union (Atlanta Campaign) Confederate attack on Union army northwest of Atlanta fails to gain element of surprise, finding entrenched Union forces. Union victory.
July 28–29, 1864 Battle of Killdeer Mountain
North Dakota
(Dakota Territory at the time)
C
Union Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Sioux.
July 30, 1864 Battle of the Crater Virginia
A
Confederate Lee defeats Burnside.
August 1, 1864 Battle of Folck's Mill Maryland
D
Inconclusive Indecisive Civil War battle.
August 2–23, 1864 Battle of Mobile Bay Alabama
A
Union David Farragut takes port, says "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead".
August 5–7, 1864 Battle of Utoy Creek Georgia
C
Inconclusive (Atlanta Campaign) Indecisive battle on Union right flank near Atlanta.
August 7, 1864 Battle of Moorefield West Virginia
C
Union
August 14–15, 1864 Second Battle of Dalton Georgia
D
Union Union forces withstand attack until relieved.
August 14–20, 1864 Second Battle of Deep Bottom Virginia
B
Confederate The Confederates drove back the Union threat, but at a cost of diluting their forces as the Union had hoped.
August 16, 1864 Battle of Guard Hill Virginia
C
Inconclusive
August 18–21, 1864 Battle of Globe Tavern Virginia
B
Union Confederate forces lose control of railroads at Petersburg.
August 20, 1864 Battle of Lovejoy's Station Georgia
D
Confederate Confederates repel Union raiders attacking the station.
August 21, 1864 Second Battle of Memphis Tennessee
C
Union Partially successful Confederate raid.
August 21, 1864 Battle of Summit Point West Virginia
D
Inconclusive
August 25, 1864 Second Battle of Ream's Station Virginia
B
Confederate Union lines overrun by Confederates.
August 25–29, 1864 Battle of Smithfield Crossing West Virginia
D
Inconclusive
August 31 –
September 1, 1864
Battle of Jonesborough Georgia
A
Union William J. Hardee's Confederates defeated, resulting in Atlanta's fall the following day.
September 3–4, 1864 Battle of Berryville Virginia
C
Inconclusive At the same time Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early sent Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw's division to attack Colonel Joseph Thoburn's division of the VIII Corps, and Kershaw initially routed Thoburn's left flank. Darkness ended the fighting. The next morning, Early, seeing the strength of the Union's entrenched line, retreated behind Opequon Creek.
September 19, 1864 Battle of Opequon
(Third Battle of Winchester)
Virginia
A
Union Sheridan defeats Early, several officers killed or wounded on both sides.
September 21–22, 1864 Battle of Fisher's Hill Virginia
B
Union Successful Union frontal assault.
September 27, 1864 Battle of Fort Davidson (Battle of Pilot Knob) Missouri
B
Union Union forces detonate their own fort after losing to Confederates.
September 29–30, 1864 Battle of Chaffin's Farm
(New Market Heights)
Virginia
B
Union Union forces victorious, but fail to capture several forts.
September 30 – October 2, 1864 Battle of Peebles' Farm Virginia
B
Union Union victory near Petersburg.
October 1–3, 1864 First Battle of Saltville Virginia
C
Confederate Confederates defeat Union Black Cavalry, war crimes committed against captured blacks.
October 5, 1864 Battle of Allatoona Georgia
B
Union Union fortifications hold.
October 7, 1864 Battle of Darbytown and New Market Virginia
C
Union
October 9, 1864 Battle of Tom's Brook Virginia
C
Union Union cavalry defeats Confederates.
October 13, 1864 Battle of Darbytown Road Virginia
D
Confederate Federal assault on Confederate fortifications repulsed with heavy casualties.
October 15, 1864 Battle of Glasgow Missouri
C
Confederate Union forces surrender.
October 19, 1864 Second Battle of Lexington Missouri
D
Confederate Union forces driven out of town.
October 19, 1864 Battle of Cedar Creek Virginia
A
Union Sheridan defeats Early, drives Confederates from Shenandoah Valley.
October 21, 1864 Battle of Little Blue River Missouri
D
Confederate Confederate victory in Missouri.
October 22–23, 1864 Battle of Byram's Ford Missouri
B
Union Confederates under Marmaduke defeated.
October 22, 1864 Second Battle of Independence Missouri
C
Confederate Union forces occupy town.
October 23, 1864 Battle of Westport Missouri
A
Union Union forces win decisive battle to take control of Missouri.
October 25, 1864 Battle of Marais des Cygnes Kansas
C
Union Price's Confederates pursued into Kansas.
October 25, 1864 Battle of Mine Creek Kansas
C
Union Price's army crushed, flees back into Missouri.
October 25, 1864 Battle of Marmiton River Missouri
D
Union Price escapes Union pursuit.
October 26–29, 1864 Battle of Decatur Alabama
C
Union Confederates unable to cross river.
October 27–28, 1864 Battle of Boydton Plank Road Virginia
B
Inconclusive Union forces take control of road, but withdraw after battle.
October 27–28, 1864 Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road Virginia
C
Confederate Confederates repel a Union attack.
October 28, 1864 Second Battle of Newtonia Missouri
B
Union James G. Blunt defeats Joseph O. Shelby.
November 4–5, 1864 Battle of Johnsonville Tennessee
B
Confederate Confederates bombard Union forces during the night after a fire starts near union positions.
November 11–13, 1864 Battle of Bull's Gap Tennessee
D
Confederate Minor Confederate victory during U.S. Civil War.
November 22, 1864 Battle of Griswoldville Georgia
B
Union Sherman's march to the sea continued.
November 24, 1864 Battle of Columbia Tennessee
C
Confederate Confederates divert attention.
November 28, 1864 Battle of Buck Head Creek Georgia
C
Union Union forces repel a Confederate attack.
November 29, 1864 Battle of Spring Hill Tennessee
B
Union Confederate mistakes allow Federal forces to redeploy, leading to the Battle of Franklin.
November 29, 1864 Sand Creek massacre Colorado
(Colorado Territory at the time)
B
Union Colorado War: U.S. forces massacre Cheyenne and Arapaho.
November 30, 1864 Battle of Honey Hill South Carolina
C
Confederate The third battle of Sherman's March to the Sea was a failed Union Army expedition under Maj. Gen. John P. Hatch that attempted to cut off the Charleston and Savannah Railroad in support of Sherman's projected arrival in Savannah.
November 30, 1864 Battle of Franklin (1864) Tennessee
A
Union Hood attacks Schofield but suffers crushing losses; Pickett's Charge of the West.
December 4, 1864 Battle of Waynesboro, Georgia Georgia
C
Union Kilpatrick stops Wheeler from attacking Sherman.
December 5–7, 1864 Third Battle of Murfreesboro Tennessee
D
Union Confederate raid mostly unsuccessful.
December 7–27, 1864 First Battle of Fort Fisher North Carolina
C
Confederate Failed Union attempt to take fort.
December 13, 1864 Second Battle of Fort McAllister Georgia
B
Union William B. Hazen captures Fort McAllister.
December 15–16, 1864 Battle of Nashville Tennessee
A
Union Thomas attacks and virtually destroys Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee.
December 17–18, 1864 Battle of Marion Virginia
D
Union Union forces destroy beneficial infrastructue.
December 20–21, 1864 Second Battle of Saltville Virginia
C
Union Confederate forces retreated, and General George Stoneman's troops entered the town and destroyed the saltworks.
January 13–15, 1865 Second Battle of Fort Fisher North Carolina
A
Union Union takes fort.
February 3, 1865 Battle of Rivers' Bridge South Carolina
D
Union Union forces capture river crossing.
February 5–7, 1865 Battle of Hatcher's Run Virginia
B
Union Union force launch unexpected attack.
February 22, 1865 Battle of Wilmington (North Carolina) North Carolina
D
Union Last Confederate port falls.
March 2, 1865 Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia Virginia
B
Union Remnants of Confederate Army of the Valley are destroyed.
March 6, 1865 Battle of Natural Bridge Florida
C
Confederate Confederate victory in Florida prevents the capture of Tallahassee.
March 7–10, 1865 Battle of Wyse Fork North Carolina
D
Union Confederate attacks repelled by Union artillery.
March 10, 1865 Battle of Monroe's Cross Roads North Carolina
D
Inconclusive
March 16, 1865 Battle of Averasborough North Carolina
C
Inconclusive Union and Confederate forces attack one another in turn, both attacks fail.
March 19–21, 1865 Battle of Bentonville North Carolina
A
Union Sherman defeats Confederates
March 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman Virginia
A
Union Lee attempts to break siege.
March 27 – April 8, 1865 Battle of Spanish Fort Alabama
B
Union Union forces capture fort just east of Mobile.
March 29, 1865 Battle of Lewis's Farm Virginia
C
Union Union forces capture Confederate earthworks.
March 31, 1865 Battle of White Oak Road Virginia
B
Union Confederate forces under Richard H. Anderson defeated.
March 31, 1865 Battle of Dinwiddie Court House Virginia
C
Confederate Pickett defeats Sheridan.
April 1, 1865 Battle of Five Forks Virginia
A
Union Sheridan routs Confederates.
April 2, 1865 Battle of Selma Alabama
B
Union Wilson defeats Forrest.
April 2, 1865 Third Battle of Petersburg Virginia
A
Union Grant defeats Lee.
April 2, 1865 Battle of Sutherland's Station Virginia
C
Union Lee's supply lines are cut.
April 3, 1865 Battle of Namozine Church Virginia
D
Confederate Several Confederates captured, Custer's brother earns Medal of Honor.
April 5, 1865 Battle of Amelia Springs Virginia
C
Inconclusive
April 6, 1865 Battle of Rice's Station Virginia
D
Union
April 6, 1865 Battle of Sayler's Creek
(or Sailor's Creek)
Virginia
B
Union Lee realizes his army is on the verge of defeat.
April 6–7, 1865 Battle of High Bridge Virginia
C
Inconclusive Union forces thwart Lee's attempts to burn bridges and to resupply, Grant proposes that Lee surrender, but he refuses.
April 7, 1865 Battle of Cumberland Church Virginia
C
Confederate Union forces attack Confederate rearguard, but darkness cuts the attack short.
April 8, 1865 Battle of Appomattox Station Virginia
B
Union Union forces thwart Lee's final attempt to resupply.
April 9, 1865 Battle of Appomattox Court House Virginia
A
Union Lee's forces surrounded. He subsequently surrenders.
April 9, 1865 Battle of Fort Blakeley Alabama
A
Union Union forces capture fort east of Mobile.
May 12–13, 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch Texas
D
Confederate Last battle in Texas during final phases of the Civil War.

Other USA/CSA battles

Other non-Indian wars battles and skirmishes not rated by CWSAC.

USA/CSA Battles not rated by CWSAC
Date Battle State Outcome
Victory Notes
May 7, 1861 Battle of Gloucester Point Virginia Inconclusive Earliest exchange of gunfire between the Union Navy and organized Rebel forces after the surrender of Fort Sumter
June 5, 1861 Battle of Pig Point Virginia Confederate Early skirmish between Union gunboat USS Harriet Lane and a shore battery and rifle company of CSA defenders at Pig Point in Portsmouth, Virginia near Hampton Roads, Virginia.
June 19, 1861 Battle of Cole Camp Missouri Confederate Pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard defeat pro-Union Missouri Home Guard at Cole Camp
June 27, 1861 Battle of Mathias Point Virginia Confederate Confederates repulse the Union attack and kill Commander James H. Ward of the Union Potomac Flotilla, the first Union Navy officer killed during the Civil War.
July 13, 1861 Battle of Corrick's Ford West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
Union Confederate Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett is the first general killed in the Civil War.
July 25, 1861 First Battle of Mesilla New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate Confederate victory secures the southern part of the New Mexico Territory for the CSA.
August 5, 1861 Battle of Athens Missouri / Iowa Union Union victory in small skirmish on the Iowa-Missouri border
August 19, 1861 Battle of Charleston (1861) (Missouri) Missouri Union Union force destroys Confederate camp.
September 24–25, 1861 Battle of Canada Alamosa New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory at the time)
Confederate One of several small cavalry skirmishes in Confederate Arizona near the border with Union New Mexico Territory.
October 5, 1861 Battle of Cockle Creek Virginia Union ends Confederate smuggling up the Chincoteague Bay.
October 12, 1861 Battle of the Head of Passes Louisiana Confederate Naval forces square-off at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
November 7, 1861 Battle of Port Royal South Carolina Union Union fleet under S. F. Du Pont capture Confederate forts at Hilton Head, South Carolina.
December 19, 1861 Skirmish at Blackwater Creek Missouri Union Union forces under General Pope capture a newly recruited Missouri State Guard regiment.
February 10, 1862 Battle of Elizabeth City North Carolina Union Destruction of the Mosquito Fleet.
March 30, 1862 Stanwix Station Arizona
(New Mexico Territory at the time)
Union Westernmost skirmish of the war.
April 14, 1862 Battle of Peralta New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory at the time)
Union Union forces defeat the 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers.
April 15, 1862 Battle of Picacho Pass Arizona
(New Mexico Territory at the time)
Confederate Confederate pickets defeat Union cavalry patrol.
May 19, 1862 Battle of Whitney's Lane Arkansas Union Union campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas halted.
May 20, 1862 Capture of Tucson (1862) Arizona
(New Mexico Territory at the time)
Union A Union force of 2,000 took the city from ten Tucson militiamen without a shot fired.
May 29, 1862 First Battle of Pocotaligo South Carolina Union Mission objective fulfilled – Charleston & Savannah railroad bridge damaged.
August 11, 1862 Battle of Compton's Ferry Missouri Union
September 13, 1862 Battle of Charleston (1862) West Virginia
(Virginia at the time)[A]
Confederate Confederate troops occupy Charleston during Kanawha Valley offensive.
September 14, 1862 Battle of Crampton's Gap Maryland Union Union broke the Confederate line and drove through the gap. Confederates were strategically successful in stalling the Union advance and protecting the rear of their forces engaged at Harpers Ferry.
October 22, 1862 Battle of Pocotaligo South Carolina Confederate Union troops repulsed after minimally damaging the Charleston & Savannah railroad.
October 27–29, 1862 Skirmish at Island Mound Missouri Union
February 3 –
April 12, 1863
Yazoo Pass Expedition Mississippi Confederate Elaborate amphibious Union flanking maneuver is thwarted by Confederates at Fort Pemberton during the Vicksburg campaign.
April 30, 1863 Battle of Day's Gap Alabama Confederate Nathan Bedford Forrest and Union Col. Abel Streight fight Cavalry action for several hours.
June 27, 1863 Battle of Portland Harbor Maine Union Naval engagement.
June 30, 1863 Battle of Sporting Hill Pennsylvania Inconclusive Small skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign was the northernmost engagement of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.
July 1, 1863 Battle of Carlisle Pennsylvania Inconclusive Small, but strategically important skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign.
July 2, 1863 Battle of Hunterstown Pennsylvania Inconclusive Minor cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign
July 3, 1863 Battle of Fairfield Pennsylvania Confederate Cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign secured the important Hagerstown Road.
July 5–25, 1863 Jackson Expedition Mississippi Union Forces under General William T. Sherman clear General Joseph E. Johnston's relief effort from the Vicksburg area.
July 10, 1863 Battle of Funkstown Maryland Inconclusive Action during Lee's retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg.
July 13–16, 1863 Draft Riots New York
August 27, 1863 Battle of Bayou Meto (Battle of Reed's Bridge) Arkansas Confederate Confederate forces delay the Union advance on Little Rock.
November 3, 1863 Battle of Bayou Bourbeux Louisiana Confederate Confederate District of Western Louisiana troops attack the isolated rear guard during Union withdrawal from Opelousas.
March 18, 1864 Battle of Laredo Texas Confederate Union force sent to destroy 05,000 bales of cotton
April 13–14, 1864 Battle of Salyersville Kentucky Union Confederates were driven into Salyersville with heavy losses.
May 6, 1864 Battle of Calcasieu Pass Louisiana Confederate Confederates capture two Union gunboats.
June 19, 1864 Battle of Cherbourg (1864)
(Sinking of CSS Alabama)
(Naval engagement) Cherbourg, France Union USS Kearsarge sinks CSS Alabama
July 13, 1864 Battle of Camden Point Missouri Union
July 30, 1864 Battle of Brown's Mill Georgia Confederate cavalry engagement during Atlanta campaign
July 31, 1864 Battle of Fort Smith Arkansas Union Federal troops maintain control of western Arkansas
August 17, 1864 Battle of Gainesville Florida Confederate
September 23–25, 1864 Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle Alabama Confederate Raid to disrupt Sherman's supply line
September 27, 1864 Battle of Marianna Florida Union Cavalry raid into Florida panhandle.
October 19, 1864 St. Albans raid Vermont Confederate Northernmost land action of the American Civil War
December 24, 1864 Battle of Anthony's Hill (Battle of King's Hill) Tennessee Confederate Forrest turns back Union pursuers after the Battle of Nashville.
February 2, 1865 Battle of Broxton Bridge South Carolina [3]
February 11, 1865 Battle of Aiken South Carolina Confederate Cavalry action between Union Maj. Gen. Hugh Judson Kilpatrick and Confederate Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler.
February 20, 1865 Battle of Fort Myers Florida Union Southernmost land battle of the war.
April 13–15, 1865 Battle of Morrisville North Carolina Union Last cavalry battle of the War.
April 16, 1865 Battle of West Point Georgia Union Union victory during final phase of U.S. Civil War.
April 16, 1865 Battle of Columbus (1865) (Battle of Girard) Georgia Union during final phase of war.
May 1, 1865 Battle of Anderson South Carolina Inconclusive Minor skirmish.

Other battles in the American Indian Wars

Other battles and skirmishes, not rated by CWSAC, of the American Indian Wars between either USA or CSA forces and the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Kiowa, Navajo, and Shoshone which occurred during the American Civil War – including: the Apache Wars, Colorado War, Dakota War of 1862, Navajo Wars, and Texas–Indian wars.

Other battles in the American Indian Wars
Date Battle State Outcome
August 1861 Siege of Tubac Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Confederate militia and townspeople flee to Tucson.
May 5, 1862 First Battle of Dragoon Springs Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Westernmost Confederate battle fatalities.
May 9, 1862 Second Battle of Dragoon Springs Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory. Livestock recaptured.
July 15–16, 1862 Battle of Apache Pass Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache Wars: Union soldiers fight with Apache warriors.
August 19 and 23, 1862 Battles of New Ulm Minnesota Dakota War of 1862: Two battles in the Dakota War of 1862.
September 2, 1862 Battle of Birch Coulee Minnesota Dakota War of 1862: Worst defeat of Union forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
January 29, 1863 Battle of Bear River Idaho
(Washington Territory at the time)
Also known as the Bear River Massacre. Resulted in the scattering of several Shoshoni bands and ended Shoshoni control of northern Utah Territory.
January 12–14, 1864 Battle of Canyon de Chelly Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
US victory
November 25, 1864 First Battle of Adobe Walls Texas Texas–Indian wars: Kit Carson fights Kiowa forces to a draw, but manages to destroy their settlement.
January 8, 1865 Battle of Dove Creek Texas Kickapoo victory: Texas State Militia and CS troops are defeated by Kickapoo Indians.
February 17, 1865 Battle of Fort Buchanan Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Fort Buchanan destroyed.

Troop engagements

This is a chronological summary and record of every engagement between the troops of the Union and of the Confederacy, showing the total losses and casualties in each engagement. It was collated and compiled from the Official Records of the War Department.

This summary has been divided by year:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n On June 19, 1861, at the Second Wheeling Convention, delegates from western Virginia formed the Unionist "Restored government of Virginia" in Wheeling opposed to the secessionist government in Richmond.[4] West Virginia became the 35th state in the Union on June 20, 1863.[5][6]
  2. ^ Arizona Territory (USA) was split from New Mexico Territory on February 24, 1863. The geographically different Arizona Territory (CSA), known as Confederate Arizona, was officially declared on August 1, 1861.

References

  1. ^ "CWSAC Report". Civil War Sites Advisory Commission. US National Park Service. 8 December 1997. Archived from the original on 19 December 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  2. ^ Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields (PDF). National Park Service. 1993. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  3. ^ Durgan, Jerry (March 8, 2011). "Last stand: Battle for Broxton Bridge reenactment draws hundreds of students, spectators". The Times and Democrat. Orangeburg, SC. Retrieved October 28, 2011.
  4. ^ "First Session of the Second Wheeling Convention". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
  5. ^ Lincoln, Abraham. "Statehood Proclamation". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
  6. ^ "West Virginians Approve the Willey Amendment". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011.

Sources

  • Lossing, Benson J., LL.D. A History of the Civil War 1861–65: And the Causes that Led Up to the Great Conflict. New York: The War Memorial Association, 1912.