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Lisela language

Lisela
Bahasa Lisela
Native toIndonesia, Maluku
RegionBuru Island
Native speakers
(12,000 cited 1989)[1]
none
Language codes
ISO 639-3lcl
Glottologlise1239[2]

Lisela (Indonesian: Bahasa Lisela), also called Li Enyorot,[3] is an Austronesian language; in 1989 it was spoken by about 11,900 Lisela people mostly living in the northern part of Indonesian island Buru (Indonesian: Pulau Buru). It is also preserved among the small Lisela community on the Ambon Island.[4]

The language belongs to the Sula–Buru group of Central Maluku branch of Malayo-Polynesian languages. It has two dialect, major Lisela and minor Tagalisa, the latter is used by the inhabitants of the north-east coast of Buru.[4][5][6] The language is dying as most Lisela people switch either to the national language of Indonesia, Indonesian, or to the Ambonese variety of the Malay language (Melayu Ambon). The latter is widely used in the Maluku Islands as a lingua franca and is a local form of Malay with additions of the local lexicon.[4][5]

The language most closely related to Lisela is Buru, especially its dialect Masarete – their lexical similarity is 68%.[7] Thus many sources regard Lisela as a dialect, though the most diverging, of Buru. Lisela had also borrowed much from the Sula language, as a result of the interaction between the Lisela and Sula people living together as the northern Buru coast.[3] The language has no writing system. The most detailed study of Lisela language was conducted in the 1980s by Charles E. Grimes and Barbara Dix Grimes – Australian missionaries and ethnographers, active members of SIL International (they should not be confused with Joseph E. Grimes and Barbara F. Grimes, Charles' parents, also known Australian ethnographers).[8][9][10]

References

  1. ^ Lisela at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Lisela". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Dutton, Thomas Edward; Tryon, Darrell T., eds. (1994). Language Contact and Change in the Austronesian World. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 261. ISBN 3-11-012786-5.
  4. ^ a b c Ethnologue: Languages of the World. "Lisela: A language of Indonesia (Maluku)".
  5. ^ a b "Buru Island 6 Tribes". Archived from the original on 2010-10-11.
  6. ^ Grimes, Barbara Dix (2006). "Mapping Buru: The Politics of Territory and Settlement on an Eastern Indonesian Island" (PDF). In Reuter, Thomas (ed.). Sharing the Earth, Dividing the Land: Land and territory in the Austronesian world. Comparative Austronesian Series. Canberra: ANU Press. doi:10.22459/sedl.10.2006.06.
  7. ^ "Languages of Indonesia (Maluku)". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 2010-10-22.
  8. ^ "Publications by Barbara Dix Grimes". SIL International.
  9. ^ "Publications by Charles E. Grimes". SIL International.
  10. ^ "Chuck & Barbara Grimes, Wycliffe Bible Translators". Bethel Grove Bible Church. Archived from the original on 2010-10-19.