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Location of Lima Province in Peru
|Founded||January 18, 1535|
|• Total||2,672.28 km2 (1,031.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (PET)|
Despite its small area, this province is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of the Peruvian economy. It concentrates almost one-third of the country's population and 50% of Peru's GDP in 2012.
The province was created in 1821 as Peru's territory was divided into departments, provinces, districts and parishes. The province was part of the Lima Department, which was formed by the territories of present-day Lima, Callao and Ica regions, and the provinces of Casma, Huarmey and Santa, which later would be part of the La Costa Department.
The department was further subdivided as time passed but the Lima Province kept being part of it. Due to the massive migration from other areas of the country, the need to separate the province from the rest of the department was forecast by experts.
The province is divided into 43 districts. Each of them is headed by a mayor, although the Metropolitan Lima Municipal Council (Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima), led by the mayor of Lima, also exercises its authority in these districts.
All the districts of Lima province are fused together in a continuous urban area, with the exception of the beach resorts of Ancon and Santa Rosa in the north and Pachacamac, Punta Hermosa, Punta Negra, San Bartolo, Santa Maria del Mar and Pucusana in the south.
From April to December, Lima is often covered in coastal fog and mist, while in January to late March, the weather is generally sunny.
Lima has various tourist destinations and activities, including pre-Inca period pyramids, museums and modern shopping malls. There are many restaurants, some of which specialize in fresh seafood, bars and nightclubs. There are many beaches for sunbathing, swimming and fishing.