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|• Mayor||Uwe Richrath (SPD)|
|• Governing parties||CDU / SPD / Bürgerliste|
|• Total||78.87 km2 (30.45 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0214, 02171 & 02173|
|Vehicle registration||LEV and OP|
Leverkusen (//, German: [ˈleːvɐˌkuːzn̩] (listen), also [leːɐ̯ˈkuːzn̩]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine. To the South, Leverkusen borders the city of Cologne and to the North is the state capital Düsseldorf.
The heart of what is now Leverkusen was a village called Wiesdorf, which dates back to the 12th century. During the Cologne War, from 1583 to 1588 Leverkusen was ravaged by war. The entire area was rural until the late 19th century, when industry prompted the development that led to the city of Leverkusen, and to its becoming one of the most important centres of the German chemical industry.
The chemist Carl Leverkus, looking for a place to build a dye factory, chose Wiesdorf in 1860. He built a factory for the production of artificial ultramarine blue at the Kahlberg in Wiesdorf in 1861, and called the emerging settlement "Leverkusen" after his family home in Lennep. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891; Bayer moved its headquarters to Wiesdorf in 1912. After asset confiscation at the end of the First World War, it became IG Farben. The city of Leverkusen proper was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf, and was posthumously named for Carl Leverkus.
During the Second World War, the IG Farben factories were bombed by the RAF on 22 August 1943, again by the RAF during bombing campaigns on 19/20 November, the USAAF Eighth Air Force on 1 December 1943, and finally once again by the RAF on 10/11 December 1943.
In 1975, Opladen (including Quettingen and Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined Leverkusen. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Manfort, Bürrig, Hitdorf, Quettingen, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.
|Largest groups of foreign residents|
The city is home of the football team Bayer 04 Leverkusen and of the German record holder of national basketball championships, which is the team Bayer Giants Leverkusen. As of 2017, the team plays in the 3rd division ProB and plays its home games in the Smidt-Arena.
Leverkusen is twinned with:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leverkusen.|