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Lentisphaerae

Lentisphaerae
Scientific classification
Domain:
Superphylum:
Phylum:
Lentisphaerae

Cho et al. 2004
Classes
  • Oligosphaeria
  • Lentisphaeria
Synonyms
  • Lentisphaeraeota Oren et al. 2015

Lentisphaerae is a phylum of bacteria closely related to Chlamydiae and Verrucomicrobia.[1][2]

It includes two monotypic orders Lentisphaerales and Victivallales. Phylum members can be aerobic or anaerobic and fall under two distinct phenotypes. One consists of terrestrial gut microbiota from mammals and birds. The other phenotype includes marine micro-organisms: sequences from fish and coral microbiomes and marine sediment.

Phylogeny

The phylogeny based on the work of the All-Species Living Tree Project.[3]


Oligosphaera ethanolica

Victivallis vadensis

Lentisphaera

L. araneosa

L. marina

Taxonomy

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)[4] and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).[5]

  • Phylum Lentisphaerae Cho et al. 2004
    • Class Oligosphaeria Qiu et al. 2013
      • Order Oligosphaerales Qiu et al. 2013
        • Family Oligosphaeraceae Qiu et al. 2013
          • Genus Oligosphaera Qiu et al. 2013
            • Species Oligosphaera ethanolica Qiu et al. 2013
    • Class Lentisphaeria Cho et al. 2012
      • Order Victivallales Cho et al. 2004
        • Family Victivallaceae Derrien et al. 2012
      • Order Lentisphaerales Cho et al. 2004
        • Family Lentisphaeraceae Cho & Hedlund 2012
          • Genus Lentisphaera Cho et al. 2004 emend. Choi et al. 2013
            • Species L. araneosa Cho et al. 2004
            • Species L. marina Choi et al. 2013
            • Species "L. profunda" ♠

Notes:
♠ Strain found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN)

See also

List of bacterial orders

References

  1. ^ Cho J, Vergin K, Morris R, Giovannoni S (2004). "Lentisphaera araneosa gen. nov., sp. nov, a transparent exopolymer producing marine bacterium, and the description of a novel bacterial phylum, Lentisphaerae". Environ Microbiol. 6 (6): 611–21. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2004.00614.x. PMID 15142250.
  2. ^ Limam RD, Bouchez T, Chouari R, et al. (October 2010). "Detection of WWE2-related Lentisphaerae by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization in landfill leachate". Can. J. Microbiol. 56 (10): 846–52. doi:10.1139/w10-065. PMID 20962908.
  3. ^ "16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2016-03-20.
  4. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Lentisphaerae". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Retrieved 2016-03-20.
  5. ^ Sayers; et al. "Lentisphaerae". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2016-03-20.

Further reading

Limam, Rim Driss; Bouchez, Theodore; Chouari, Rakia; Li, Tianlun; Barkallah, Insaf; Landoulsi, Ahmed; Sghir, Abdelghani (Oct 2010). "Detection of WWE2-related Lentisphaerae by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization in landfill leachate". Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 56 (10): 846–852. doi:10.1139/W10-065. PMID 20962908.