This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Lemovices

The Lemovices (Lemovici) were a Gaulish tribe of Central Europe who established themselves in Limousin and Poitou between 700 and 400 BC. Their capital was Durotincum (Villejoubert) and in the era of Roman occupation, it was Augustoritum (Limoges). Lémovices stems from lemo (elm) and vices (who win) or "winners with elm" since their lances were probably made out of elm.[1] The Lemovices gave their name to Limoges and the Limousin.

Other locations associated with them were Acitodunum (23-Ahun), Argentate (19-Argentat), Blatomagus (87-Blond), Briva Curretia (19-Brive-la-Gaillarde), Cassinomagus (16-Chassenon), Carovicus (87-Château-Chervix), Roncomagus (87-Rancon), Excingidiacum (19-Yssandon) et Uxellum (19-Ussel). One of their main sanctuaries was recently found in Tintignac including several unique objects in the world such as "carnyx".[2] Archaeologists during the latter part of the 19th century found gold mines in the Lemovices' settlement in Limousin, particularly in the south-western region of the Massif Central in west-central France.[3] This discovery allowed the identification of techniques and the chronology of the mining activity because the Lemovices did not mention their mining heritage and their gold.[3]

In 52 BC, some 10,000 Lemovician combatants fought against Julius Caesar at the Battle of Alesia as allies to the Arverni under Vercingetorix.[4] Their chief, Sedullos, was killed there.

External links

References

  1. ^ Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise, Éditions Errance, Paris, 2003.
  2. ^ [tintignac.wix.com] Official website of Tintignac-Naves
  3. ^ a b Morteani, Giulio; Northover, Jeremy (2013). Prehistoric Gold in Europe: Mines, Metallurgy and Manufacture. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 219. ISBN 9789048145003.
  4. ^ Waldman, Carl; Mason, Catherine (2006). Encyclopedia of European Peoples. New York: Infobase Publishing. p. 484. ISBN 0816049645.