in New York
|Law enforcement in|
|Types of agencies|
|New York State Criminal Procedure Law|
As with the rest of the US, agencies operate at federal and state levels. However, New York City's unique nature means many more operate at lower levels.
The Government of New York State operates one of the highest numbers of law enforcement agencies in the United States. While their jurisdiction stretches throughout New York City, many functions are duplicated by municipal agencies.
Members of New York city law enforcement agencies receive their powers and authority from New York State Criminal Procedure Law in one of two ways:
Designation as a special patrolman is unique to New York City, and is granted by the Commissioner of the NYPD under section 14-106 of the New York City Administrative Code in conjunction with the New York State Criminal Procedure Law Article 2 Section 2.10 Sub 27, and are governed by protocols of Chapter 11 Title 38 of the Rules of the City of New York. This designation provides (non commissioned) private sector Public Safety officers limited authority as peace officers while on-duty only.
Privatized Public Safety Officers must complete the New York State POST (Peace Officer Standard of Training) to become certified.
There are at least sixteen City law enforcement agencies (including the FDNY Fire Marshals) and these are listed in the table below.
|Force||Parent department||Duties||Titled as||Amount of Personnel|
|New York City Police Department (NYPD)||-||General law enforcement concerning New York City||police officers||Approx. 36,230|
|New York City Department of Environmental Protection Police (DEP Police)||New York City Department of Environmental Protection||General law enforcement at areas of New York City's water supply system||police officers||Approx. 200|
|New York City Fire Department Fire Marshals||New York City Fire Department (FDNY)||The investigation of fires and arson within New York City||police officers||Approx. 150|
|New York City Sheriff's Office||New York City Department of Finance||Primarily civil law enforcement and the investigation New York City tax and deed fraud||Sheriff officers||Approx. 150|
|New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission Enforcement (TLC)||New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission||The enforcement of New York City taxi licensing regulations and traffic laws concerning livery vehicles||TLC inspectors||Approx. 205|
|New York City Department of Homeless Services Police (NYC DHS Police)||New York City Department of Homeless Services||General law enforcement at NYC-DHS facilities||special officer||Approx. 380|
|New York City Human Resources Administration Police Department (NYC HRA Police)||New York City Human Resources Administration||General law enforcement in NYC Human Resources Administration facilities||special officer||Approx. 130|
|New York City Department of Sanitation Police (DSNY Police)||New York City Department of Sanitation (DSNY)||Primarily the enforcement of city sanitation laws and health code regulations||nyc special patrolmen||Approx. 80|
|New York City Parks Enforcement Patrol (NYC PEP)||New York City Department of Parks and Recreation||General law enforcement at NYC Parks Dept.properties||special patrolmen||Approx. 85|
|New York City Department of Probation||-||Provides supervision for people placed on probation in the Supreme, Criminal, and Family courts.||probation officers|
|City University of New York Public Safety Department||City University of New York (CUNY)||General law enforcement at CUNY campuses and facilities||public safety officers||Approx. 715|
|New York City Department of Investigation||-||The investigation of city governmental corruption & fraud||special patrolmen|
|New York City Department of Correction (NYCD)||-||Primarily general law enforcement within and concerning city correctional facilities||correction officers||Approx. 9500|
|New York City Police Department School Safety Division||New York City Police Department (NYPD)||General law enforcement at NYC public schools||special patrolmen||Approx. 5000|
|New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services Police||New York City Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS)||General law enforcement at all NYC Department of Citywide Administrative Services facilities.||special officer||Approx. 15|
|New York City Department of Health and Hospitals Police (NHYP)||New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation (NYC HHC)||Security and law enforcement at NYC HHC facilities||special officer||Approx. 1250|
|New York City Business Integrity Commission (BIC)||New York City Business Integrity Commission||regulate the private catering industry, public wholesale markets businesses, and the shipboard gambling industry||nyc special patrolmen||over 60 employees|
Since 1942, correction and probation services have been handled by separate agencies, not the sheriff's office, as opposed to the common U.S. practice of these municipal-level services being carried out by sheriffs.
Unique to New York City, a number of private communities and/or entities operate their own public safety agencies, they are New York State Peace Officers with limited authority in New York city).
|Force||Parent department||Duties||Title||Amount of Personnel|
|Bay Terrace Public Safety Department||Cord Meyer Development LLC - Bay Terrace Shopping Centre||Public Safety at Bay Terrace||Public Safety||-|
|Big Six Towers Public Safety Department||Mitchell-Lama cooperative housing company||Public Safety duties at Big Six Towers||Public Safety||8|
|Co-op City Department of Public Safety (CCPD)||Co-op City||Primarily public safety of residents and visitors in Co-op City||special patrolmen||Approx. 100+|
|Hunts Point Department of Public Safety (HPPS)||Hunts Point Cooperative Market||Public Safety at Hunts Point Cooperative Market, protect the people and property of the market, including facilities, storefronts, railways||special patrolmen||Approx. 20|
|Morningside Heights Housing Corporation Department of Public Safety (MHHC PSD)||Morningside Gardens||Ensure the security of all Morningside Gardens residents as well as the protection of Corporation property.||Public Safety||-|
|New York Racing Association Peace Officers||New York Racing Association||responsible for enforcing NYS laws as well as NYRA rules and regulations both on and around NYRA facilities per NYS law||special police officers||-|
|Parkchester Department of Public Safety (PDPS)||Parkchester, Bronx||Public safety of residents and visitors, and commercial buildings in Parkchester||Public Safety||Approx. 65|
|Roosevelt Island Public Safety Department (RIPSD)||Roosevelt Island Operating Corporation||Public safety duties at Roosevelt Island, and the Manhattan and Roosevelt Islands stations of the Roosevelt Island Tramway||Public Safety||40|
|Sea Gate Police Department (SGPD)||Seagate Home Association||SGPD protect property, citizens and enforce state and city laws inside the community of Sea Gate, Brooklyn||public safety officers||Approx. 10|
|Peter Cooper Village Stuyvesant Town Public Safety (PCVST)||Stuyvesant Town–Peter Cooper Village||PCVST PSD protect property, citizens and enforce state and city laws inside the community||public safety officers||n/a|
|Starrett City Department of Public Safety||Starrett City||Public Safety of residents and property of Spring Creek Towers.||public safety officers||- 10|
In New York State, each county has an elected district attorney who is responsible for the prosecution of violations of New York state laws. Federal law in the city of New York is prosecuted by the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York or the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York.
|Bronx County District Attorney's Office||Darcel Clark||The Bronx||Prosecution of violations of New York state laws|
|Kings County District Attorney's Office||Eric Gonzalez||Brooklyn||Prosecution of violations of New York state laws|
|New York County District Attorney's Office||Cyrus Vance Jr.||Manhattan||Prosecution of violations of New York state laws|
|Queens County District Attorney's Office||John M. Ryan||Queens, New York||Prosecution of violations of New York state laws|
|Richmond County District Attorney's Office||Michael McMahon||Staten Island||Prosecution of violations of New York state laws|
|Special Narcotics Prosecutor for the City of New York||Bridget G. Brennan||New York, Bronx, Kings, Queens, Richmond||Prosecution of violations of New York state narcotics laws|
|U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York||Geoffrey Berman||New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Rockland, Orange, Dutchess, Sullivan||Prosecution of violations of U.S. federal laws|
|U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York||Richard P. Donoghue||Kings, Queens, Richmond, Nassau, Suffolk||Prosecution of violations of U.S. federal laws|