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Laudato si' (oratorio)

Laudato si'
Ein franziskanisches Magnificat
Oratorio by Peter Reulein
Limburger Dom Oratorium Laudato si 06112016.jpg
Premiere at the Limburg Cathedral on 6 November 2016
Text Helmut Schlegel
Language
  • German
  • Latin
  • Italian
  • Hebrew
Based on Magnificat
Performed 6 November 2016 (2016-11-06)
Published 2016 Dehm Verlag
Scoring

Laudato si' is an oratorio composed in 2016 by Peter Reulein on a libretto by Helmut Schlegel. Subtitled Ein franziskanisches Magnificat (a Franciscan Magnificat), it includes the full Latin text of the Magnificat, expanded by writings of Clare of Assisi, Francis of Assisi and Pope Francis. The composer set it for five soloists, children's choir, Choralschola, mixed choir, symphony orchestra and organ. It was published in 2016 by the Dehm Verlag, and was premiered on 6 November 2016 at the Limburg Cathedral, conducted by the composer.

History

The work was commissioned by the Referat Kirchenmusik im Bistum Limburg (RKM), the division of church music of the Diocese of Limburg, to celebrate the organization's 50th anniversary.[1][2] The work should display many different musical groups and styles. The text was planned to contain writings by Pope Francis from his Apostolic exhortation Evangelii gaudium (2013) and his encyclical Laudato si' (2015), and the Magnificat in the traditional Latin.[1] The librettist, the Franciscan Helmut Schlegel, introduced additionally writings by Francis of Assisi and Clare of Assisi, and also a focus on mercy corresponding to the Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy in 2016.[3] Peter Reulein was commissioned to compose the music. The oratorio was published in 2016 by the Dehm Verlag. The composer conducted the premiere in a concert at the Limburg Cathedral on 6 November 2016.[4][5]

Structure

The work is structured in a prologue and five scenes:[6]

  • Prologue: Erfüllt ist die Zeit (Time is fulfilled)
  • Scene 1: Die Schöpfung tanzt – die Schöpfung klagt (Creation dances – Creation mourns)
  • Scene 2: Gottes Neubeginn (God's new beginning)
  • Scene 3: Er gab dir Atem, gab dir Würde (He gave you breath, gave you dignity)
  • Scene 4: Das Leben feiert Aufstand (Life celebrates uproar)
  • Scene 5: Ein jeder Augenblick ist Anfang (Every moment is beginning)

Table

In the following table, the characters are abbreviated, and background colours highlight the text of the Magnificat (green), texts in Italian (brown), and texts in Hebrew (blue).

Movements of Laudato si'
Scene Title Angel Mary Clare Francis Pope Choir Schola Marking Source
Prologue Als die Zeit erfüllt war A Ch Sch Lento misterioso
1 Laudato si' mi Signore C F P Children Ch Allegro grazioso (Tarantella)
Dies irae Sch Allegro con fuoco
In Klage und Trauer schauen wir zurück P Adagio (Tango de la lamentacion)
Aufbrechen wollen wir, nicht klagen Ch Lento con decisione
2 Der Engel war's A M Moderato e dolce
Et verbum caro factum est Sch Lento
Magnificat anima mea M Ch Allegro festivo Luke 1:46-47
Quia respexit humiltatem M Lento Luke 1:48
Ecce enim ex hoc beatam M Ch Lento
Glauben können wie du Ch Moderato cantabile
3 Es war in Kana M Misterioso
Shalom alechem Children Ch Allegro (Klezmer)
Seht, unentbehrlich ist das weibliche Talent P Ch Un poco lento quasi recitativo
Du, Gott, hast mir gesagt A M Con moto
Quia fecit mihi magna M Ch Andante con moto Luke 1:49
Et misericordia M Ch Andante cantabile Luke 1:50
4 Stabat Mater SchM Lent
Wir standen beide unterm Kreuz M Lamentoso e pesante
Hört Gottes Ruf P Recitativo
Fecit potentiam Ch Allegro con fuoco Luke 1:51
Du Mensch, gedenke C F Lento recitativo
Deposuit potentes Ch Allegro con brio Luke 1:52
Am andern Tag der neuen Woche M Lento recitativo
Et exaltavit humiles Ch Andante maestoso
Esurientes M Ch Andante maestoso Luke 1:53
Suscepit Israel Sch Meno mosso Luke 1:53
Halleluja A M C F P Children Ch Allegro (African song call and response
5 Sicut locutus est Sch Quasi recitativo Luke 1:53
Gott, du bist heilig P Andante grazioso (Tango de la confidencia)
Du bist die Freude C F P
Gloria Patri Ch Allegro festivo Doxology
Ein jeder Tag Children Ch Hymnus
Amen, Halleluja Ch Andante cantabile in stile barocco
Laudato si' A M C F P Children Ch

Scenes

Different actions comment the verses of the Magnificat. The prologue introduces an angel announcing that God sent his Son when the time was fulfilled, the Choralschola emphasizes that the Son shows God's face of mercy, the choir concludes that the time is fulfilled.[6]

Scene 1 introduces Clare and Franz of Assisi singing "Laudato si'" in tarantella rhythm, ultimately joined by the choirs. The schola intones the Dies irae expanded by Pope Francis, singing of the saddening situation of the environment caused by humans, in an Adagio. Tango de la lamentacion to honour the Pope's home country. The scene ends with the Neues Geistliches Lied "Aufbrechen wollen wir, nicht klagen."[6]

In scene 2, Mary tells of her experience of the Annunciation and begins the Magnificat, joined by the choirs. The scene is concluded with the 2009 song "Glauben können wie du" by Schlegel with a melody by Joachim Raabe (GL 885 in the regional part for Limburg).[6]

Scene 3 is focused on the Marriage at Cana, portrayed in Klezmer music. Pope Francis stresses the importance of the female voice in society and church. Mary sings "Et misericordia eius" (And his mercy), now from the Magnificat, joined by the choir.[6]

Scene 4 opens with the schola singing Stabat Mater, facing the Crucifixion. Pope Francis connects in recitative to drama of 2016, such as poverty, wars, and refugees, and forced prostitution. The verses from the Magnificat that focus on God's strong arm creating justice are given to choral fugues, interrupted by Clare and Francis reminding the listener to reflect who he is. The children open Halleluja as an African call and response, joined by all soloists and the mixed choir.[6][7]

Scene 5 opens with the schola singing the final line from the Magnificat, "Sicut locutus est" (As was spoken), to which Francis, the Pope, and Clare respond with a Tango de confidencia praising God. The choir answers with the doxology "Gloria Patri" which recalls motifs from earlier scenes. A new element is a third song, "Ein jeder Tag und Augenblick ist Neuland," with the audience joining the singing.[7] The work is concluded with a double fugue in stile barocco on Amen/Halleluja.[6]

Scoring

The oratorio is scored for five solo voices representing characters, children's choir, Choralschola, a large mixed choir divided in up to eight parts, a symphony orchestra, and organ.[8]

The characters are:

  • Angel (soprano)
  • Maria (soprano)
  • Clare of Assisi (alto)
  • Francis of Assisi (tenor)
  • Pope Francis (baritone)

The orchestra features flute (also playing descant recorder), clarinet, oboe, bassoon, two trumpets, two horns, trombone, tuba (ad lib.), timpani, percussion (including tambourine, drums, suspended cymbal, triangle, chimes, tuned glasses, marimba, djembé, glockenspiel), harp and strings.[6]

Premiere and reception

The same performers reprised the work at the Frankfurt Cathedral on 29 January 2017.

In the premiere, the children's and youth choir was from Maria Rosenkranz,[9] conducted by Karin Mayle-Polivka.[10] The mixed choir combined four groups, two from the composer's Liebfrauen, Frankfurt, vocal ensemble and the youth choir Cappuccinis, and two from St. Martin, Idstein, Chor St. Martin and the youth choir Martinis.[9] The Schola was formed by singers from groups in the diocese, conducted by Franz Fink,[10] and sang from the organ loft at the back of the cathedral. often introduced and accompanied by the organ.[9] The orchestra for the occasion was the ensemble colorito, and the cathedral organ was played by Johannes Schröder,[10] the organist at the Westerwälder Dom.[11] The soloists were sopranos Marina Herrmann (Mary) and Janina Moeller (Angel), mezzo-soprano Anna Metzen (Clare of Assisi), tenor André Khamasmie (Francis of Assisi) and baritone Johannes Hill (Pope Francis).[9] More than 250 musical performers contributed to the premiere.[4][8][9]

A reviewer of the Nassauische Neue Presse noted the successful premiere, describing the work as a musical collage of biblical verses, action and meditative impulses ("musikalische Collage mit Bibelversen, erzählerischen Elementen, und meditativen Impulsen").[9] The reviewer, who listed the many performers and commented on several scenes, called the final hymnus a message of peace and joy.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b Großmann, Andreas (2016). "50 Jahre Referat Kirchenmusik / Auftragskomposition Laudato si' / Die Entstehung des Oratoriums" (PDF). Kirchenmusik im Bistum Limburg (in German). Diocese of Limburg: 5–6. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Gottwals, Gernot (2 April 2016). "Bezirkskantor Peter Reulein / Musikalisch gibt er den Ton an". Frankfurter Neue Presse (in German). Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  3. ^ Schlegel, Helmut (2016). "50 Jahre Referat Kirchenmusik / Auftragskomposition Laudato si' / Der Text des Oratoriums Laudato si'" (PDF). Kirchenmusik im Bistum Limburg (in German). Diocese of Limburg: 6–8. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  4. ^ a b ""Laudato Si' – Ein franziskanisches Magnificat" / Franziskanisches Musikerlebnis im Limburger Dom – Premiere bereits ausverkauft" (in German). Deutsche Franziskanerprovinz. 17 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Festkonzert zum Jubiläum des Referates Kirchenmusik / Laudato si' — Oratorium von Peter Reulein (Uraufführung)" (in German). Liebfrauen, Frankfurt. 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Reulein, Peter; Schlegel, Helmut (2016). Laudato si' / Ein franziskanisches Magnificat. Limburg an der Lahn: Dehm Verlag. p. 230. ISBN 978-3-943302-34-9. ISMN 979-0-50226-047-7. 
  7. ^ a b Reulein, Peter (2016). "50 Jahre Referat Kirchenmusik / Auftragskomposition Laudato si' / Die Musik zum Oratorium Laudato si'" (PDF). Kirchenmusik im Bistum Limburg (in German). Diocese of Limburg: 6–8. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "Oratorium Laudato si' / Ein franziskanisches Magnificat in 5 Bildern – Für Soli, Chor und Orchester" (in German). Dehm Verlag. 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Bohnhorst-Vollmer, Anken. "Bewegende Uraufführung / Chöre, Solisten und Orchester musizieren zum Jubiläum des Referats für Kirchenmusik". Nassauische Neue Presse (in German). 
  10. ^ a b c Laudato si' / Ein franziskanisches Magnificat (program book). Diocese of Limburg. 6 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "Vita" (in German). Johannes Schröder. 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2017. 

External links