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Labour code

A labour code, (also called a code of labour laws) is a codification of labour laws in legislative form.

One of the first labour codes was first introduced in 1918 in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, as a legal framework underlying the requirement to ensure the right to work declared in the first Soviet Constitution.[1]

In the aftermath of post-war the labour codes basing upon the same set of social guarantees were introduced in German Democratic Republic, People's Republic of Hungary, People's Republic of Poland and the other socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe.

Presently the Labour Code exists in Russian Federation and in some other former Soviet Republics.

In Canada the Labour Code (R.S., 1985, c. L-2) was adopted in 1985 superseding the Industrial Relations and Disputes Investigation Act of 1948.[2]


Russian: Кодекс законов о труде, abbr. КЗОТ, "KZOT").

On July 10, 1918 the 5th All-Russian Congress of Soviets adopted the Constitution of Russia which declared the right and duty to work for all citizen.[3] Pursuant to this the All-Russian Central Executive Committee approved the Code of Labour Laws and the "Regulations on employment record books" as an Appendix to the Article 80 of this Code.[1]

German Democratic Republic

German: Arbeitsgesetzbuch, abbr. AGB).

Czech Republic

Czech: Zákoník práce
The new[4] labour code of the Czech Republic No.262/2006 Sb. effective from January 1, 2007, superseded the Code of 65/1965.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b Кодекс законов о труде 1918 года // Приложение из учебного пособия И. Я. Киселева «Трудовое право России» (Москва, 2001). — Собрание Узаконений и Распоряжений Рабочего и Крестьянского Правительства РСФСР. 1918; № 87–88. Ст. 905
  2. ^ "Canada Labour Code" (PDF). Department of Justice.
  3. ^ Constitution of the R.S.F.S.R. (1918) // СУ РСФСР. 1918. № 51. ст. 582.
  4. ^ Bělina, Miroslav. "Nový zákoník práce". Právní rozhledy, May 9, 2006.
  5. ^ "Schválený návrh nového zákoníku na webu Ministerstva vnitra ČR" (PDF).