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Kyūju (久寿) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. "year name") after Ninpei and before Hōgen. This period spanned the years from October 1154 through April 1156.[1] The reigning emperors were Konoe-tennō (近衛天皇) and Emperor Go-Shirakawa-tennō (後白河天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • February 14, 1154 Kyūju gannen (久寿元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events.[clarification needed] The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Ninpei 4, on the 28th day of the 10th month of 1154.[3]

Events of the Kyūju era

  • 1154 (Kyūju 1, 5th month ): The udaijin Minamoto Masasada retired from public life to become a priest at age 61. He died several years later.[4]
  • 1154 (Kyūju 1, 8th month): Fujiwara Saneyoshi, Grand General of the Right, was elevated to the role of Grand General of the Left; and the former dainagon Fujiwara Kanenaga (aged 17) was elevated to take on the newly vacated role of Grand General of the Right.[4]
  • August 22, 1155 (Kyūju 2, 23rd day of the 7th month): Emperor Konoe died at the age of 17 years without leaving any heirs.[3]
  • August 23, 1155 (Kyūju 2, 24th day of the 7th month): In the 14th year of Konoe-tennō 's reign (近衛天皇14年), the emperor died; and despite an ensuring dispute over who should follow her as sovereign, contemporary scholars then construed that the succession (senso) was received by a younger brother, the 14th son of former-Emperor Toba. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Shirakawa is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kyūju" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 588, p. 588, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des emepereurs du japon, pp. 186-188; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 324-327; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 205-208.
  3. ^ a b Brown, p. 326.
  4. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 188.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 189; Brown, p. 326; Varley, p. 44. [A distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Go-Murakami.]


  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by