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Kwomtari languages

Kwomtari
Senu River
Geographic
distribution
Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationOne of the world's primary language families
Subdivisions
Glottologkwom1263  (Kwomtari–Nai)[1]
guri1248  (Guriaso)[2]
Kwomtari-Fas languages.png
The neighboring Kwomtari–Nai and Fas language families

The Kwomtari languages are a small language family of Papua New Guinea.

Classification

The family consists of at least the two relatively closely related languages Kwomtari and Nai.

Baron

Baron adds the highly divergent language Guriaso:

  • Kwomtari stock
    • Guriaso
    • Kwomtari–Nai family (Nuclear Kwomtari)
      • Kwomtari
      • Nai (aka Biaka)

Guriaso shares a small number of cognates with Kwomtari–Nai. Baron (1983) says the evidence is convincing once a correspondence between /ɾ~l/ and /n/ (from ) is established:

Gloss Guriaso Kwomtari
Verb suffixes
(1pl, 2pl, 3pl)
-nɔ, -mɛ, -no -ɾe, -mo, -ɾe*
dog map mau
ear mətɛnu futɛne
crocodile mɔməni maməle
small tɔkəno tɔkweɾo
nose apədu tipu**

* Compare Biaka -ɾo, -mo, -na.

** Metathesis of /p/ and /t/.

Usher

Usher further classifies Yale (Nagatman) with Guriaso, and adds Busa, all under the name "Senu River".[3]

Senu River (Kwomtari–Busa)

Confusion from Laycock

There has been confusion over the membership of the Kwomtari family, apparently due to a misalignment in the publication (Loving & Bass 1964) of the data used for the initial classification. (See Baron 1983.) Because of this, Laycock classified the Kwomtari languages as part of a spurious Kwomtari–Fas family, which confusingly was also often called "Kwomtari" in the literature. However, Baron sees no evidence that the similarities are due to relationship. Usher likewise discounts the inclusion of the Fas languages. See Kwomtari–Fas languages for details.

Foley (2018)

Foley (2018) provides the following classification (see Kwomtari–Fas languages).[4]

Kwomtari family

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kwomtari–Nai". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Guriaso". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ NewGuineaWorld Senu River
  4. ^ Foley, William A. (2018). "The Languages of the Sepik-Ramu Basin and Environs". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 197–432. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Baron, Wietze (1983). "Kwomtari survey" (PDF).
  • Laycock, Donald C. (1975). "Sko, Kwomtari, and Left May (Arai) phyla". In Stephen A. Wurm (ed.). Papuan languages and the New Guinea linguistic scene: New Guinea area languages and language study 1. Canberra: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. pp. 849–858. OCLC 37096514.
  • Loving, Richard; Jack Bass (1964). Languages of the Amanab sub-district. Port Moresby: Department of Information and Extension Services. OCLC 17101737.

External links