|কুড়মালি, কুর্মালী, कुड़मालि, କୁଡ଼ମାଲି|
|Region||Assam, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal|
|556,089 (2011 census)|
Census results conflate some speakers with Bengali, Odia and Hindi.
Official language in
Kurmali (Devanagari: कुर्माली, कुरमाली, Bengali: কুর্মালী,কুড়মালি kur(a)mālī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in eastern India. Kurmali is generally linked to the Kudumi Mahato (also known as Kurmi, Mahanta or Mohanta) community of Jharkhand, Odisha, and West Bengal. Kurmali is also spoken by the Kudumi people of Assam, and was brought to the tea gardens from Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal. Intellectuals claim that Kurmali may be the nearest form of language used in Charyapada. As a trade dialect, it is known as Panchpargania (Bengali:পঞ্চপরগনিয়া), for the "five districts" of the region it covers, or Tamaria. Kurmali is a traditional language of Kurmi community.
Kurmali language is spoken in south-east Jharkhand in Seraikela Kharswan, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum and Ranchi districts; north-eastern Odisha in Mayurbhanj, Kendujhar, Jajpur and Sundargarh district; and in western West Bengal in Purulia and Jhargram districts.
Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state agrees very closely with the Kurmali Thar of Manbhum.