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Krishna I

Krishna I
Old Kannada inscription (765 AD) from Hattimattur inscription of Rashtrakuta King Krishna I.jpg
Fragment of Old Kannada inscription (765 AD) from Hattimattur of Rashtrakuta King Krishna I
2nd Rashtrakuta Emperor
Reignc. 756 – c. 774 CE
PredecessorDantidurga
SuccessorGovinda II
IssueGovinda II
Dhruva Dharavarsha
Rashtrakuta Emperors (753-982)
Dantidurga (735 - 756)
Krishna I (756 - 774)
Govinda II (774 - 780)
Dhruva Dharavarsha (780 - 793)
Govinda III (793 - 814)
Amoghavarsha (814 - 878)
Krishna II (878 - 914)
Indra III (914 -929)
Amoghavarsha II (929 - 930)
Govinda IV (930 – 936)
Amoghavarsha III (936 – 939)
Krishna III (939 – 967)
Khottiga (967 – 972)
Karka II (972 – 973)
Indra IV (973 – 982)
Tailapa II
(Western Chalukyas)
(973-997)

Krishna I (Kannada: ಅಕಾಲವರ್ಷ ಶುಭತುಂಗ ಕೃಷ್ಣ) (756–774 CE), an uncle of Dantidurga, took charge of the growing Rashtrakuta Empire by defeating the last Badami Chalukya ruler Kirtivarman II in 757. This is known from the copper plate grant of Emperor Govinda III of 807 and a copper plate grant of the Gujarat Rashtrakuta Emperor Karka from Baroda.[1] He is also known as Kannara or Kannesvara and took the titles Akalavarsha, Shubatunga, Prithvivallabha and Shrivallabha. He patronised the famous Jain logician Akalanka Bhatta, the author of Rajavartika.

Some historians are of the opinion that Krishna I usurped the throne from his nephew Dantidurga.[2] But others disagree as the term "demise of Dantidurga" occur in the Kavi and Navasari copper plates indicating Krishna I must have ascended the throne after the death of Dantidurga. However, from the Baroda inscription it seems that Krishna I may have had to subdue another claimant to the throne, perhaps a Rashtrakuta princes or a son of Dantidurga.[3]

He successfully fought the Western Ganga Dynasty King Sripurusha (and acquired some territory in Gangavadi, modern Southern Karnataka) and the Shilaharas of South Konkan. He defeated the Eastern Chalukya ruler Vishnuvardhana IV.[4] He was responsible for building 18 Shiva temples. 1800 coins of his, discovered recently, have the legend Parama Maheshvara which indicates his strong Shaiva faith.[5] The Kailasa temple at Ellora is generally attributed to him, based on certain epigraphs.[6]

His eldest son, Govinda II came to power after him.

References

  1. ^ Reu (1933), p57
  2. ^ Vincent Smith in Reu (1933), p58
  3. ^ Reu (1933), p58
  4. ^ Kamath (2001), p74
  5. ^ Reu (1933), p78
  6. ^ Owen 2012, pp. 135-136.

Bibliography

  • Kamath, Suryanath U. (2001) [1980]. A concise history of Karnataka : from pre-historic times to the present. Bangalore: Jupiter books. LCCN 80905179. OCLC 7796041.
  • Reu, Pandit Bisheshwar Nath (1997) [1933]. History of The Rashtrakutas (Rathodas). Jaipur: Publication scheme. ISBN 81-86782-12-5.
  • Owen, Lisa (2012). Carving Devotion in the Jain Caves at Ellora. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-20629-9.
Preceded by
Dantidurga
Rashtrakuta Emperor
756–774
Succeeded by
Govinda II