The history of Koltsovo began in 1974 and is inseparably linked with the creation of the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR, an institute specialized in the study of especially dangerous viruses. The settlement, initially established as the home for the institute was named after famous Soviet biologist, cytologist and geneticist Nikolai Koltsov.
On January 17, 2003, Koltsovo was granted naukograd (science town) status, which it is to retain until the end of 2025. The status is granted to the cities with high concentrations of scientific research and production capabilities. Koltsovo received its status by Russian President order no.45 of January 17, 2003.
The science-driven business of the Science town has always been nurtured by research conducted by Vector specialists. The first wave of commercialization of Vector developments took place in the 1990s and was sustained by the Vector director Lev Sandakchiev. A number of research spin-offs were created at that period, including Vector-Medica, Vector-Best, Vector-Bialgam, ImDi, which are currently among the most prominent innovation enterprises in Koltsovo.
The research conducted in Koltsovo includes such top-notch developments, such as vaccines against breast cancer, hepatitis A and A+B, therapeutic HIV Vaccine and vaccine against pandemic H1N1 influenza; test-systems for early diagnostics of cancer, infectious diseases, TORCH-infections, zoonosis infections, hepatitis C, as well as dangerous deathly viruses such as Ebola, Marburg, Machupo, Lassa, dengue and yellow fever.
Koltsovo also has a number of companies active in functional food production, such as liquid probiotics with 100% content of bifidumbacteria, muesli enriched with probiotics, products based on pure extracts of pine and fir, different types of food supplements.
Not only virology and biotechnology in different aspects attract attention of researchers from Koltsovo. Koltsovo is a home to a large IT company Center of Financial Technologies, software developer for financial, healthcare and public sectors, known for its creation of the Russian payment system Zolotaya Korona.
Koltsovo has an infrastructure for science-driven business, including:
Innovation center Koltsovo, a non-for-profit organization established in 2000 in order to assist the start and development of local innovation business
Business-incubator Koltsovo, established in 2006, which rents offices to innovation start-ups on beneficial conditions
BioTechnopark Koltsovo, opened in 2011, is an area of 114 hectares aimed for location of production and R&D premises of biotech companies. The BioTechnopark Koltsovo shall launch a Joint usage center in September 2014 which will serve as a certification and production center for BioTech start-ups, as well as a location for classes of the new Master’s program on biotechnology, launched jointly by Vector and Novosibirsk State University.
Koltsovo is the least populated naukograd in Russia, but it takes the lead among other naukograds in tax revenue, volume of produced innovation products, residential construction, and birth rate.
Koltsovo is surrounded by coniferous and birch trees. The apartment buildings are alternated by green plantations. The location of the Science town, its vicinity to Novosibirsk and the adjacent science center Akademgorodok, create a special ambiance and energy from business and social life.[original research?] Since 2006 in Koltsovo 4 new neighborhoods have been constructed and the 5th is planned to be built in the next 5 years.[when?] It provides population growth as well as high birth rate in Koltsovo.
Koltsovo has a high-level medical complex, including a refurbished policlinic with new center for rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy, schools, including a boarding school with specialisation in biotechnology, kindergartens, recreation centers, a recently refurbished art school, trading centers, drug stores, market, cafés, and a hotel. Koltsovo Park offers downhill skiing in winter and fishing and horse riding in summer. Koltsovo has a stadium, refurbished in 2008, with running tracks, tennis court, football and volleyball fields. The social life thrives[original research?] with guest performances of Novosibirsk theaters and concerts. The Youth Parliament, which implements social projects, was organized by students living in Koltsovo.
Koltsovo actively develops international cooperation. The Science town is often visited by business and scientific delegations from European and Asian countries, such as Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, China, Thailand and others. Koltsovo business often sets on company missions abroad, to countries like Finland, Greece, Germany and others. The international cooperation is sustained by Municipality of Koltsovo and Innovation center Koltsovo.
^The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
^Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
^Milton Leitenberg,Raymond A Zilinskas,Jens H Kuhn, The Soviet Biological Weapons Program: a history, Harvard University Press, 2012
^Указ Президента РФ от 17 января 2003 г. N 45, о присвоении статуса наукограда Российской Федерации рабочему поселку Кольцово Новосибирской области/ Russian Federation Presiden Order no.45 of January 17, 2003 on granting the status of Naukograd to the work settlement Koltsovo of Novosibirsk oblast
^Novosibirsk company to start clinical trials of cancer vaccine: [en.sib.fm]
^В Кольцово открывается производство вакцин против гепатита / Koltsovo to launch A hepatitis vaccines production [academ.info]
^ученым «Вектора» разрешили продолжить испытания вакцины от ВИЧ / Vector scientists to continue HIV vaccine trials: [news.ngs.ru]
^Тест-системы, разработанные в наукограде Кольцово, применят на Олимпиаде в Сочи / Test-systems developed in Koltsovo used at Olympics in Sochi [gmpnews.ru]
^Наукоград Кольцово представит на выставке полезные продукты / Science town Koltsovo to present useful products at the fair "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
^Mushrooms destroy HIV and flu viruses — Novosibirsk VECTOR centre [en.sib.fm]
^Красников «у нас самая высокая в области рождаемость» | Krasnikov: we have the highest birth rate in the region [newsib.net]
^Строительная фирма Проспект построит в Кольцово новый микрорайон / Construction company Prospect will build a new neighborhood in Koltsovo [tayga.info]
^В Кольцово появится уникальный центр реабилитации пациентов с детским церебральным параличом / Koltsovo to have a unique center for rehabilitation for kids with infantile cerebral paralysis : "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
Новосибирский областной Совет депутатов. Закон №200-ОЗ от 2 июня 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Новосибирской области», в ред. Закона №548-ОЗ от 29 апреля 2015 г. «Об упразднении посёлка Ивановка муниципального образования Чувашинского сельсовета Северного района Новосибирской области и о внесении изменения в статью 4 Закона Новосибирской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Новосибирской области"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Советская Сибирь", №108, 9 июня 2004 г. (Novosibirsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #200-OZ of June 2, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Novosibirsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #548-OZ of April 29, 2015 On Abolishing the Settlement of Ivanovka in the Municipal Formation of Chuvashinsky Selsoviet of Severny District of Novosibirsk Oblast and on Amending Article 4 of the Law of Novosibirsk Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Novosibirsk Oblast". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).