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|Locale||Kolkata, West Bengal|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of stations||348|
|Began operation||15 August 1854|
South Eastern Railway
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) (broad gauge)|
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is a suburban rail system serving the suburbs surrounding the city of Kolkata. Railways such as this are important and heavily used infrastructure in India. It is the largest suburban railway network in India by track length and number of stations.Introduced by the British in 1927/28, the electrified suburban railway of Kolkata had 2 parts viz Eastern section & BNR section.The Eastern Section Eastern Railway (ER), when introduced, ran from Howrah to Bardhhaman via Bandel as Main Line and via Kamarkundu as Chord Line. The BNR Section South Eastern Railway (SER)when introduced, ran from Howrah to Midnapore. Now Kolkata Sub-Urban Railway has 348 stations and a track length of 1,172 km. The suburban railway operates 1450 EMU services and 159 MEMU services carrying 3.1 million (31.51 lakhs) people daily. It runs from 4 a.m to 2 a.m in the night.
Currently the Sub-Urban railway services in Kolkata are operated by Eastern Railway (ER) and South Eastern Railway (SER). The Kolkata Metro (KMRCL) operates the underground Metro services in the city as well. There is a separate Circular Railway corridor in the city also operated by ER under Sealdah Division. The Howrah line of Eastern Railways has a rolling stock of 12 coach EMU made by Jessop and ICF. BEML emus have also been bought and they are in use . The Sealdah line has a rolling stock of 9,10,12 car EMU made by Jessop and ICF. 2 BEML EMU trains of 9 coaches are also operational. The south eastern railways uses both 9 and 12 coaches emu made by Jessop and ICF.
Operated by the South Eastern Railway, this section of the line serves the south western suburbs of Greater Kolkata. The destination stations lie :
Operated by the Howrah division of Eastern Railways, this line runs on the western bank of river Hooghly and serves the following areas:
Howrah to Bardhaman is reached by two corridors popularly known as the Main Line and the Chord Line. The main Line runs through the towns of Serampore, Chandernagore, Chinsurah and Bandel. The Chord Line runs through the towns of Dankuni, Baruipara, Kamarkundu and Masagram.
At Santragachi, the line splits up into three sections :
At Panskura, the line further divides into:
However, at Liluah, the Belur Math branch line cuts off to serve the Belur Math station.
At Bally, the line splits into two sections:
At Sheoraphuli, the line branches into:
At Bandel, the line splits into:
Bandel Junction, Bansberia, Tribeni, Kuntighat, Dumurdaha, Jirat, Balagarh, Somrabazar, Behula, Guptipara, Ambika Kalna, Baghnapara, Dhatrigram, Samudra Garh, Kalinagar, Nabadwip Dham, Bishnupriya, Bhandartikuri, Purbasthali, Martala Pahelya, Lakshmipur, Belerhat, PAtuli, Agradeep, Sahebtala, Dinhat, Katwa Junction
This line serves the northern suburbs on the eastern bank of Hooghly River and further east towards the very end of the international border between India and Bangladesh. The destinations facilitated by this line are:
This line operates on the southern parts of the city and serves the southern suburbs of Calcutta and the entire South 24 Parganas district. The areas served are:
At Dum Dum, the line branches into: 1. Barasat section 2. Dankuni section 3. Naihati section
At Barasat, the line branches into A. Bangaon section B. Hasnabad section
Barasat, Bamangachhi, Duttapukur, Ashoknagar Road, Habra, Maslandapur, Gobardanga, Thakurnagar, Bangaon. Two junction stations in Bangaon section Barasat junction & Bangaon junction, Barasat junction - Hasnabad, Bangaon junction - Ranaghat junction Bangaon junction - Petrapole Border - Benepole Border - Jessore junction
Barasat, Kazipara, Karea Kadamgachi, Bahira Kalibari, Sondalia, Beliaghata Road, Lebutala, Bhasila, Harua Road, Kankra Mirzanagar, Malatipur, Ghoraras Ghona Halt, Champapukur, Bhyabla, Basirhat, Matania Anantapur, Madhyampur, Nimdari, Taki, Hasnabad
Starts from Dum Dum. Baranagar Road, Dakshineswar, Bally Ghat, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Dankuni. Dakshineswar has the famous Kali Temple where Ramakrishna Paramhansa was a priest. Vivekananda Setu locally known as Bally Bridge over the Hooghly River connects Bally Ghat and Dakshineswar. Bally halt is used as an interchange with Howrah Main Section. Baranagar Road station is near Dunlop crossing in B.T. road being a place of interchange with bus routes. this total section is elevated via Vivekanda Bridge.
Dum Dum, Belghoria, Agarpara, Sodepur, Khardaha, Titagarh, Barrackpore, Ichhapur, Shyamnagar, Kankinara, Naihati This is the busiest part of Sealdah section.Barrackpore & Naihati are the most important stations in this line. there is a future plan to set up Barrackpore a s a terminal station for long distance trains as it has 5 platforms and the stretch work of Platform 1 is complete from where long distance train can depert. the main trains in this line are Sealdah-Barrackpore Local & Sealdah-Naihati Local
At Naihati, the line splits into: 1. Bandel section 2. main section
At Kalyani, the Kalyani Simanta line branches off forming two lines:
Kalyani, Kalyani Shilpanchal, Kalyani Ghoshpara, Kalyani Simanta. This line is for serving the planned township of Kalyani. this 4 stations covering a length of 5 km covers the Kalyani area. Sealdah-kalyani Simanta Locals serve this line.
Kalyani, Simurali, Chakdaha, Ranaghat Ranaghat is an important Junction in this line. Sealdah-Ranaghat Locals serve this line. At Ranaghat, the following three lines branch off: main line Gede line Bangon This Ranaghat-Bangon line joins Ranaghat & Bangon station by Ranaghat-Bangon locals. At Kalinarayanpur, a station next to ranaghat on the main line, the Shantipur line emerges.
Ranaghat, Kalinarayanpur JN, Habibpur, Phulia, Bathna Krittibas, Shantipur Jn.. this line covers 20 km from Ranaghat to Shantipur. Sealdah-Shantipur Locals at regular interval serve this line. Also a few Ranaghat-Shantipur emu service is available in peak hours.
Shantipur Jn, Gobindapur, Dignagar, Krishnanagar City Jn, Mahestola, Nabadwip Ghat. From Shantipur Jn, a line emerges and connects to Nabadwip Ghat via Krishnanagar City Jn. This old section was 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge. It has recently[when?] been converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in). The work of Shantipur - Krishnanagar City Jn section is complete and EMU service has started. The work of gauge conversion is in progress between Krishnanagar City Jn - Nabadwip Ghat. Three couples of Shantipur-Krishnanagar EMU run daily on this line in both directions including Ranaghat Jn - Krishnanagar City Jn via Shantipur Jn EMU service.
Ranaghat, Kalinarayanpur Jn., Birnagar, Taherpur, Badkulla, Jalalkhali Halt, Krishnanagar City 26 km is the length of this section. Mainly Sealdah- Krishnanagar City Jn. EMU locals serve this section with a few Ranaghat Jn.-Krishnanagar City Jn. EMU service.
The main railway stations in this section are Krishnanagar, Bethuadahari, Debagram, Plassey, Beldanga, Berhampore Court(Berhampore) Cossimbazar, Murshidabad, Jiaganj, Bhagwangola and Lalgola Mainly Sealdah-Lalgola passengers, Sealdah-Lalgola EMU locals and Sealdah-Lalgola MEMU passengers run through this line.There are three express trains Bhagirathi express Hazarduari express and Dhanodhanya express. Three pairs of Ranaghat jn-Lalgola EMU locals also available during peak hours.The track is doubled and electrified.It is a 126 km long stretch from Krishnanagar to Lalgola which is a small border town in Murshidabad district. Berhampore Court is the main railway station in this section.
Ranaghat, Bankimnagar, Panchberia, Aranghata, Bahirgachi, Bhayna, Bagula, Mayurhat, Taraknagar, Majhdia, Banpur, Harisnagar, Gede. This section covers 43 km, mainly served by Sealdah-Gede and Ranaghat-Gede locals. Now the Indo-Bangaldesh Maitree Express, an international train service between Kolkata & Dhaka runs through this section.
At Ballygunge Jn., the line splits up into the 1) Other South Section, and 2)Budge Budge Section
The Canning branch splits from Sonarpur Jn. to Canning line and Baruipur section. The New Garia station is junction between Sealdah South Suburban section & Kolkata Metro Railway (Kabi Subhash Metro Station).
At Baruipur Jn., the line branches into the Diamond Harbour section and the Namkhana section.
Within South 24 Parganas : Baruipur Jn., Shasan Road, Krishna Mohan, Dhapdhapi, Suriyapur, Gocharan, Hogla, Dakshin Barasat, Baharu, Jaynagar Majilpur, Mathurapur Road, Madhabpur, Lakshmikantapur, Udairampur, Kulpi, Karanjali, Nischindapur Market, Nischindapur, Madhabnagar, Kashinagar, Kakdwip. Ukilerhat, Namkhana. Extension upto Sagar Island & Bakkhali via Frazerganj is planned.
This line used to connect the stations of Majherhat and New Alipore (Kalighat) with the southern port town of Falta. The line was closed down in 1957. See Kalighat Falta Railway for more details.
In 2009, the union minister for railways, Ms Mamata Baneerjee announced the introduction of Ladies Special local trains namely "matribhumi" (i.e. motherland)in the Kolkata suburban section. The ladies special trains run on the following routes.
This line encircles the entire city of Kolkata. It starts from Dum Dum Junction in the north and passes through Chitpur, Bagbazar, B.B.D.Bag, Prinsep Ghat, Hastings, Kidderpore, Remount Road, Majherhat, Ballygunge, Park Circus, Sir Gurudas Banerjee Halt and Bidhanagar Road finally back to Dum Dum Junction. There is also a plan to build two more stations between Park Circus and Sir Gurudas Banerjee Halt named Tangra and Beliaghata Main Road respectively.
Dum Dum, Patipukur, Kolkata, Tala, Bagbazar, Shobhabazar–Ahiritola, Burrabazar, B B D Bagh, Eden Gardens, Princep Ghat, Kidderpore, Remount Road, Majherhat, New Alipore (Cal), Tollygunge, Lake Gardens, Ballygunge, Park Circus, Sir Gurudas Banerjee Halt, Bidhannagar Road, Kalighat, Burrabazar.
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