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Kishanganj

Kishanganj
Town
Kishanganj is located in Bihar
Kishanganj
Kishanganj
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E / 26.07944°N 87.93722°E / 26.07944; 87.93722
Country India
StateBihar
DistrictKishanganj
Government
 • MLAQamrul Hoda
 • DMHimanshu Sharma, IAS
 • SPKumar Ashish, IPS
Area rank652
Population
 (2011)
 • Total107,076
Languages
 • OfficialSurjapuri, Urdu, Hindi, Maithili,
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Literacy57.04%
Website[www.kishanganj.bih.nic.in]
Ramzan River at Kishanganj

Kishanganj is a city and district headquarters of Kishanganj district in Purnia division of Bihar state.

History

Kishanganj, which was previously part of Purnia district, is part of the Mithila region.[1]

Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[2] During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), the Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centres of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[2]

The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[3]

Demographics

As of the 2011 Census of India,[4][citation needed] Kishanganj has a population of 105,782 of which male and female are 55,143 and 50,639 respectively.[4][5] Literacy rate of Kishanganj city is 73.46 % higher than state average of 61.80 %. In Kishanganj, Male literacy is around 78.37 % while female literacy rate is 68.08 %.[4][6] In Kishanganj, Total children (0-6) in Kishanganj city are 16,884 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 8,636 boys while 8,248 are girls. The children form 15.96% of total population of Kishanganj City. It is one of the few districts where the population of Muslims are in majority.[citation needed][4]

Religions in Kishanganj[citation needed]
Religion Percent
Hindus
31.43%
Muslims
67.98%
Jains
0.07%
Christians
0.34%
Others†
0.24%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.02%), Buddhists (<0.01%).

Transport

According to the statistics, Kishanganj has a major railhead which is connected to major cities and towns of India. Kishanganj railway station comes under Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) and is 'A' category station of Indian Railways. The railway station and NH 31 connect northeastern regions of India to the rest of the country. It has direct train connected to majority of major cities namely- New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bangalore, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram etc. Garib Nawaz express starts from here for Ajmer. Rajdhani Express which runs between Delhi and Guwahati has its stoppage in Kishanganj. The National Highway 31 runs along with the railway line.

It is also connected with Bagdogra International Airport in Bagdogra which is about 60 km (37 mi) from Kishanganj.

Climate

Climate data for Kishanganj, Bihar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
26.6
(79.9)
31.9
(89.4)
34.7
(94.5)
33.7
(92.7)
32.5
(90.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.9
(89.4)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88.0)
29.0
(84.2)
25.3
(77.5)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.6
(52.9)
15.9
(60.6)
20.6
(69.1)
23.6
(74.5)
25.2
(77.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.8
(76.6)
21.8
(71.2)
15.2
(59.4)
10.7
(51.3)
19.2
(66.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11
(0.4)
6
(0.2)
22
(0.9)
36
(1.4)
165
(6.5)
479
(18.9)
532
(20.9)
399
(15.7)
360
(14.2)
83
(3.3)
6
(0.2)
0
(0)
2,099
(82.6)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Media

Kishanganj has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Kishanganj. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Thakur, Minni (22 July 2018). "Women Empowerment Through Panchayati Raj Institutions". Concept Publishing Company – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b Witzel, Michael (1989). Caillat, C. (ed.). Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 13, 17 116–124, 141–143.
  3. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  4. ^ a b c d "Census of India: Search Details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ "District Informatics Center, Kishanganj, Bihar". Archived from the original on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)