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Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569)

Kingdom of Poland
Królestwo Polskie (pl)
Regnum Poloniae (la)
Royal Coat of arms
Royal Coat of arms
"Nic o nas bez nas"
"Nothing about us without us"
"Mother of God"

"Gaude Mater Polonia"[1]
"Rejoice, oh Mother Poland"
The Kingdom of Poland between 1386 and 1434
Capital Kraków
Languages Polish, Latin
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Hereditary Monarchy
 •  1385–1389 Jadwiga (first)
 •  1548–1569 Sigismund II (last)
Legislature Sejmik
 •  Privy Council Senate
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Union of Krewo 14 August 1385
 •  Statute adopted 3 May 1505
 •  Union with Lithuania 1 July 1569
Currency Ducats, Rhenish guilders
Polish złoty (from 1496)
Red złoty (from 1526)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Today part of  Belarus

The Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae) and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania joined in a personal union created by the Union of Krewo (1385). The union was transformed into a closer one by the Union of Lublin in 1569, which was shortly followed by the end of the Jagiellon dynasty, which had ruled Poland for two centuries.

See also


  1. ^ "Gaude Mater Polonia Creation and History". Retrieved November 14, 2017.