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Kingdom of Imereti

Kingdom of Imereti

იმერეთის სამეფო
1260–1810
Flag of Imereti
18th century coat of arms according to Vakhushti
The Kingdom of Imereti in 1490
The Kingdom of Imereti in 1490
StatusKingdom, Part of Kingdom of Georgia (1330–1387, 1412–1446, 1453–1455, 1465–1478), vassal of Ottoman Empire (1555–1810), vassal of Russia (1804–1810)
CapitalKutaisi
Common languagesGeorgian
Religion
Orthodox Christianity
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
• 1260–1293
David I (first)
• 1789–1810
Solomon II (last)
History 
• Coronation of David I
1260
• Re-Annexation to Georgia
1330
• Restoration
1387
• Independence from Georgia
1455
• Vassal of the Ottoman Empire
29 May 1555
• Vassal of the Russian Empire
25 April 1804
• Russian Annexation
20 February 1810
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Georgia
Russia
Abkhazia
Svaneti
Mingrelia
Guria
Today part of Georgia

The Kingdom of Imereti (Georgian: იმერეთის სამეფო) was a Georgian monarchy established in 1455 by a member of the house of Bagrationi when the Kingdom of Georgia was dissolved into rival kingdoms. Before that time, Imereti was considered a separate kingdom within the Kingdom of Georgia, to which a cadet branch of the Bagrationi royal family held the crown. This started in 1260 after David VI revolted against Mongolian rule and fled to Abkhazia. This was the result of the Mongolian conquest of Georgia during the 13th century which decentralized and fragmented Georgia, forcing the relocation of governmental centres to the provinces.

Imereti was conquered by Giorgi the Brilliant, who was subject to the Mongols, and united Imereti with the east Kingdom of Georgia.[1] From 1455 onward, however, the kingdom became a constant battleground between Georgian, Persian and Turkish forces. Between 1555 and 1804 it was a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire. On 25 April 1804 Solomon II of Imereti accepted Russian vassalage and in 1810 he was removed from the throne. During the time that Imereti was a vassal state, the Mingrelia, Abkhazia and Guria princedoms declared their independence from Imereti and established their own governments. In Persian - Azeri nomenclature the name of the region was changed to "baş açıq" which literally means "without a head scarf".[2]

Coat of arms of the Imereti Kingdom during the reign of King Solomon II, 1803

Kings of Imereti

First House of Imereti

Second House of Imereti

Heads of House of Imereti after 1815

Since Solomon II of Imereti had no sons, he proclaimed Prince Constantine, son of king David II of Imereti, and his male-line senior descendants as heirs to the throne of the Kingdom of Imereti.

  • Hereditary Prince Constantine (I) (1815–1844), son of king David II
  • Hereditary Prince Constantine (II) (1844–1885), son of Prince Constantine (I)
  • Hereditary Prince Mikheil (1885–1888), son of Prince Constantine (II)
  • Hereditary Prince George (I) (1888–1932), son of Prince Mikheil
  • Hereditary Prince George (II) (1932–1972), son of Prince George (I), had no issue
  • Hereditary Prince Constantine (III)(1898–1978), young brother of Prince George (I)

After the death of Hereditary Prince Constantine (1898–1978), because the male-offspring of this branch came to end, the headship of the House of Bagrationi-Imereti transmitted to Prince Irakli Bagrationi (1925–2013), son of Prince Grigol, the male-line descendant of Prince Bagrat, younger brother of King Solomon I of Imereti (1752–1784).

References

  1. ^ D.M.Lang - Georgia in the Reign of Giorgi the Brilliant (1314-1346), Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 17, pp. 74-91
  2. ^ Vladimir Minorsky , La Perse au XV siècle entre la Turquie et Venice, Translation to Persian language , page 36
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Non-Bagrationi monarch.
  4. ^ Kings of Imereti and heirs to the throne, Official site of House of Bagrationi - Imereti