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Kihnu

Kihnu Island
Island
Country Estonia
Region Pärnu County
Municipality Kihnu Parish
Coordinates 58°07′48″N 23°59′24″E / 58.13000°N 23.99000°E / 58.13000; 23.99000
Area 16.38 km2 (6.32 sq mi)
Population 490 (2013)
Density 36.87/km2 (95/sq mi)
Timezone EET (UTC+2)
 - summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal codes 88005
EE Kihnu.PNG
Gulf of Riga, with Kihnu and other islands
Website: www.kihnu.ee

Kihnu (Swedish: Kynö) is an island in the Baltic Sea. With an area of 16.4 km2 (6.3 sq mi) it is the largest island in the Gulf of Riga[1] and the seventh largest island of Estonia. The length of the island is 7 km (4.3 mi) and width 3.3 km (2.1 mi), the highest point is at 8.9 metres (29.2 ft) above sea level.

The island belongs to the Pärnu County of Estonia. Together with neighbouring islands it forms Kihnu Parish, one of the smallest municipalities of the country with an area of 16.8 km2 (6.5 sq mi).

604 people live on Kihnu as of 2007 of whom 69 are primary school pupils. There are four villages: Lemsi, Linaküla, Rootsiküla and Sääre. One can reach Kihnu by plane from Pärnu (15 minutes) or ferry from either Pärnu (3 hours) or Manilaid (1 hour), and when the sea is frozen in winter it is possible to drive to the island over the ice.

Culture

Kihnu's mittens, troi, "ülalistmine" and striped skirts are famous in many countries, especially among craftsmen and scientists.

UNESCO proclaimed Kihnu's cultural space and traditions as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on November 7, 2003. The Baltic islands of Manija and Kihnu are home to a small group of traditional people. For many years, the men of Kihnu have been frequently gone to sea while the women ran the island and became the guardians of the island's cultural heritage, which includes handicrafts, dances, games and music. Music is an especially important part of the island's traditions, and accompanies handicrafts, religious feasts and other celebrations. Ancient runo-styled songs are also important, as are traditional clothings adorned with decorations and bright colours that symbolize ancient legends and poems. The people of Kihnu speak a dialect of Estonian which is sometimes considered to be a distinct language and contains many elements from Swedish.

Climate

Climate data for Kihnu (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
6.3
(43.3)
15.0
(59)
23.9
(75)
29.2
(84.6)
30.6
(87.1)
31.8
(89.2)
29.5
(85.1)
23.3
(73.9)
17.5
(63.5)
12.0
(53.6)
9.0
(48.2)
31.8
(89.2)
Average high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.3
(34.3)
7.1
(44.8)
13.7
(56.7)
17.6
(63.7)
20.7
(69.3)
20.1
(68.2)
15.3
(59.5)
10.2
(50.4)
4.7
(40.5)
1.6
(34.9)
9.2
(48.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.9
(39)
10.1
(50.2)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
8.3
(46.9)
3.2
(37.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.8
(44.2)
Average low °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−5.6
(21.9)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.6
(34.9)
7.5
(45.5)
12.0
(53.6)
15.4
(59.7)
15.2
(59.4)
10.9
(51.6)
6.6
(43.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−2
(28)
4.6
(40.3)
Record low °C (°F) −32.4
(−26.3)
−30.8
(−23.4)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−8.5
(16.7)
−1
(30)
3.2
(37.8)
8.0
(46.4)
7.0
(44.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−5.4
(22.3)
−14.5
(5.9)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−32.4
(−26.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.46)
29
(1.14)
30
(1.18)
30
(1.18)
34
(1.34)
58
(2.28)
65
(2.56)
66
(2.6)
62
(2.44)
64
(2.52)
58
(2.28)
45
(1.77)
578
(22.76)
Average relative humidity (%) 87 87 86 81 77 80 80 80 81 83 86 87 83
Source: Estonian Weather Service[2][3][4]

Images of Kihnu

See also

List of islands of Estonia

References

  1. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Gulf of Riga. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. P.Saundry & C.J.Cleveland. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC.]
  2. ^ "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 

External links