|Voivodeship of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth¹|
The Kiev Voivodeship in
the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1635.
|Capital||Kijów (1471–1667), Żytomierz (1667–1793)|
|200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi)|
|Martynas Goštautas (first)|
|Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski (transition)|
|Antoni Protazy Potocki (last)|
• death of Simeon Olelkovich
• 2nd Muscovite–Lithuanian War
|Political subdivisions||counties: 9 (1471–1569)|
|¹ Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland. The kingdom was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569.|
The Kiev Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo kijowskie, Ukrainian: Київське воєводство, Kyivske voyevodstvo) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1471 until 1569 and of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland from 1569 until 1793, as part of Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown.
The voivodeship was established in 1471 upon the death of the last prince of Kiev Simeon Olelkovich and transformation of Duchy of Kiev (appanage duchy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania) into Voivodeship of Kiov (Kiovien Voivodeship).
The voivodeship was established in 1471 under the order of King Casimir IV Jagiellon soon after the death of Semen Olelkovich. It had replaced the former Principality of Kiev, ruled by Lithuanian-Ruthenian Olelkovich princes (related to House of Algirdas and Olshansky family).
Its first administrative center was Kiev, but when the city was given to Imperial Russia in 1667 by Treaty of Andrusovo, the capital moved to Zhytomyr (Polish: Żytomierz), where it remained until 1793.
Instead of some liquidated counties in 1566 there were established elderships: Biała Cerkiew, Kaniów, Korsun, Romanówka, Czerkasy, Czigrin.
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