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Kharagpur Junction railway station

Kharagpur Junction
খড়্গপুর জংশন্
Express train and Passenger train station with one of the Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express
Kharagpur Railway Junction Station - Kharagpur - West Midnapore 2015-01-24 4836.JPG
Kharagpur Railway Station
Location Kharagpur - 721301, West Bengal
India
Coordinates 22°20′24″N 87°19′30″E / 22.3399°N 87.3249°E / 22.3399; 87.3249
Elevation 29 m (95 ft)
Owned by Indian Railways
Operated by South Eastern Railway
Line(s) Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line
Howrah-Chennai main line
Howrah-Kharagpur line
Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
Kharagpur-Puri line
Platforms 12 (4 for suburban train)
Tracks 24
Construction
Structure type Standard (on ground station)
Parking Available
Other information
Status Functioning
Station code KGP
Zone(s) South Eastern Railway zone
Division(s) Kharagpur
History
Opened 1898-99
Electrified Yes
Previous names Bengal Nagpur Railway
Services
Preceding station   Indian Railway   Following station
Jakpur
South Eastern Railway zone Terminus
Jakpur
South Eastern Railway zone
Hijli
Jakpur
South Eastern Railway zone
Nimpura
Terminus South Eastern Railway zone
Adra–Kharagpur line
Girimaidan

Kharagpur Junction railway station is a railway station in Kharagpur subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History

Kharagpur Junction came up in 1898-99. On one side, Bengal Nagpur Railway’s Kharagpur-Cuttack line was opened on New Year’s Day in 1899. On the other hand, the opening of the bridge over the Rupnarayan River at Kolaghat, on 19 April 1900, connected Howrah with Kharagpur. Kharagpur was also linked with Sini the same year. The line was ready in 1898-99. The Kharagpur-Midnapore branch line was opened to traffic in 1901.[1]

Infrastructure

After Gorakhpur, and Kollam junction in Kerala, Kharagpur has the world's third longest railway platform with a length of 1,072.5 metres (3,519 ft).[2][3][4] Remodelling of Gorakhpur railway station was completed and the new platform inaugurated on 6 October 2013. Till then Kharagpur boasted of the longest platform in the world for many years.[5] Kharagpur also has the Asia's largest Railway Solid State Interlocking (SSI) system.[6]

Platform nos. 1 and 3, and 2 and 4 of Kharagpur Junction are contiguous. The 24 coach Coromandel Express stops at the start of platform no. 3 and its tail extends some distance into platform no. 1.[2] ALOO Khasa[7] is one of the famous dish found at the Kharagpur railway platform.

Background

It is the busiest junction station in South Eastern Railway Zone after Howrah. Hence, it is termed as Gateway to South Eastern Railway.It is one of the fifty highest railway reservation in India. It is a junction which connects Howrah to Mumbai, Chennai, Adra/Purulia and New Delhi via Tatanagar as well. It also connects Bhubaneshwar to New Delhi. Everyday approximately 275 trains pass through this station which includes freight traffic. In terms of passenger traffic it handles 176 trains on a daily basis. So, in a bid to decongest Kharagpur station and speed up locomotives, South Eastern Railway has decided to develop Hijli (close to IIT-Kharagpur) as an alternative station for Kharagpur.[8] In future, most of the new trains coming from Balasore side and going towards Adra or Tatanagar will stop at Hijli and bypass Kharagpur. In order to increase passenger commute between Kharagpur and Hijli, new EMU services have been introduced between these two stations.

The Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line is classified under Route A of Indian Railways which allows trains to run at maximum permissible speed of 160 km/hr. However, as a result of the automated block section between Howrah and Kharagpur, the speed is restricted to 120 km/hr. The Howrah-Kharagpur section has been identified as one of the high density Automatic Block Section routes on Indian Railways. Thus plans are to deploy TPWS (Train Protection and Warning System) on this section to mitigate the risk of Signal passed at danger (SPAD) by train drivers leading to accidents.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ R.P.Saxena. "Indian Railway History timeline". Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Trivia". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-01-21. 
  3. ^ "Indian Railway Facts". iloveindia. Retrieved 2012-01-21. 
  4. ^ "Gorakhpur gets world's largest railway platform". The Times of India, 7 October 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Dinda, Archisman (9 October 2013). "Uttar Pradesh gets world's longest railway platform". GulfNews.com. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Asia's largest interlocking system at Kharagpur station". Times of India. 15 Nov 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  7. ^ AlOOKhasa - Kharagpur Railway Station Special
  8. ^ "Hijli to ease congestion at Kharagpur station". Times of India. 31 Jul 2012. 

External links

Kharagpur travel guide from Wikivoyage