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Kharagpur–Puri line

Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg Kharagpur–Puri line
including Cuttack-Paradip line
Train passing through a bridge in cuttack.JPG
A train passing over a bridge on the Mahanadi at Cuttack
Overview
StatusOperational
LocaleOdisha, West Bengal
TerminiKharagpur
Puri
Operation
Opened1901
OwnerIndian Railway
Operator(s)East Coast Railway, South Eastern Railway
Technical
Track length407 km (253 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Operating speedup to 130 km/h (81 mph)

The Kharagpur–Puri line is a railway line connecting Kharagpur railway station in the Indian state of West Bengal and Puri in Odisha. The Kharagpur-Khurda Road portion of this line is part of the Howrah-Chennai main line.

Geography

The Kharagpur–Puri line traverses the northern part of the Eastern Coastal Plains crossing such rivers as Subarnarekha, Baitarani, Brahmani and Mahanadi. The coastal plains lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal are fertile agricultural lands with high density of population. The line enters the large delta of the 900 km (559 mi) long Mahanadi, with a series of channels, near Cuttack.[1][2][3]

History

Howrah-Chennai main line

During the period 1893 to 1896, 1,287 km (800 mi) of East Coast State Railway was built and opened to traffic. It necessitated construction of some of the largest bridges across rivers like Brahmani, Kathajodi, Kuakhai and Birupa. Bengal Nagpur Railway’s line to Cuttack was fully opened after completion of the bridge over the Mahanadi in 1901.[4]

The 514 km (319 mi) long northern section of the East Coast State Railway was merged with BNR in 1902.[5]

Khurda Road-Puri

The Khurda Road-Puri section was opened to traffic on 1 February 1897.[4]

The Khurda Road-Puri section have double lines operation finished in July 2015.[6]

Mayurbhanj links

"Work has been begun by the Bengal-Nagpur Railway on the construction of a line from Kalimati to Gurumaishini hill, from which the iron ore is to be obtained."[7](Kalimati later became Jamshedpur/Tatanagar). That was the railway's early foray into Mayurbhanj State. (Details of the Tatanagar-Gourmahisani line are available in Asansol-Tatanagar-Kharagpur line.)

However, even before that Mayurbhanj State Railway linked Rupsa on the Howrah-Chennai main line with Baripada through a narrow gauge line in 1905 and then extended it further.[8] In his "The East Coast", Ian Manning has jotted down the experience of his travel in the narrow gauge train.[1] The Rupsa-Baripada-Bangriposi line was converted to broad gauge between 1996 and 2006.[8]

Paradip and other port links

The foundation stone of the Cuttack-Paradip line was laid by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 31 January 1962. It was opened to traffic in 1973.[4]

Opened in 1966, Paradip Port has laid out plans to expand its cargo handling capacity from 76 million tonnes annually to 237 million tonnes by 2020. The entrance and approach channels are being deepened to handle vessels up to 1,25,000 DWT (slightly smaller than capesize vessels).[9][10]

Dhamra Port, opened in 2011, has the capacity to handle capesize vessels up to 1,80,000 DWT. It is linked to Bhadrak with a 62 km long railway line. It is a joint venture of Larsen & Toubro and Tata Steel.[11][12][13]

Apart from Dhamra, new ports are coming up at Kirtania at the mouth of the Subarnarekha, Astaranga in Puri district and Chudamani in Bhadrak district[14] The 41 km long newly sanctioned line connecting Digha in West Bengal with Jaleswar on the Kharagpur–Puri line is expected to serve the new port at Kirtania.[15] Astaranga port will be connected to Bhubaneswar New Station on the Khurda Road-Puri line.[16]

Coalfield and iron ore mines links

Talcher Coalfield with reserves of 38.65 billion tonnes, the highest in India,[17] is located on the Cuttack-Sambalpur line.

The Barbil-Joda region is the highest iron ore-producing region in the country, with an annual output of around 40 million tonnes of lump and fines.[18] This region, as well as the Daitari-Kalinganagar mining-industrial region is linked through the Padapahar-Jakhapura and Rajkharsawan-Barbil lines. (See Tatanagar-Bilaspur section for more information.)

Electrification

Howrah-Chennai Mail was the first train in South Eastern Railway to be hauled by a diesel engine (WDM-1) in 1965.[19]

The Howrah-Chennai route was completely electrified by 2005.[20] Electrification was in stages. Hijli-Bakhrabad was electrified in 1998-99, Bakhrabad-Jaleswar in 2000-01, Jaleswar-Amarda Road in 2001-02, Amarda Road-Balasore in 2002-03, Balasore-Ranital in 2003-04, Bhadrak-Kenduapara in 1998-99, Kapilas Road-Rajatgarh in 2003-04, Rajatgarh-Barang in 2002-03, Barang-Bhubaneswar in 2002-03, and Bhubaneswar-Khurda Road in 2001-02.[21]

Speed limits

The entire Kharagpur-Visakhapatnam-Vijayawada main line is classified as a "Group B" line which can take speeds up to 130 km/h. Some of the branch lines such as Talcher-Rajatgarh-Salegaon-Nergundi, Cuttack-Paradeep, Radhakishorepur-Rajathgarh-Barang, Kapilas Road-Salegaon and Radhakishorepur-Machapur are classified as Group 'D Spl' lines. These sections already carry high traffic density or are likely to grow substantially in future. The sanctioned speed limit for such lines is 100 km/h.[22]

Railway reorganization

The Bengal Nagpur Railway was nationalized in 1944.[4]Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 with the portion of East Indian Railway Company east of Mughalsarai and the Bengal Nagpur Railway.[23] In 1955, South Eastern Railway was carved out of Eastern Railway. It comprised lines mostly operated by BNR earlier.[23][24] Amongst the new zones started in April 2003 were East Coast Railway and South East Central Railway. Both these railways were carved out of South Eastern Railway.[23]

Passenger movement

Kharagpur, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack and Puri, on this line, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[25]

References

  1. ^ "Coastal Plains of India". Country facts – the world at your finger tips. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
  2. ^ "The Coastal Plains of India". Zahie.com. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
  3. ^ "Mahanadi River Delta, India, Asia". The World Delta Database. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d "Major Events in the Formation of S.E. Railway". South Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  5. ^ "History". East Coast Railway. Archived from the original on 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  6. ^ "ECoR's Rs. 279-cr plan for Bhubaneswar, Puri". The Pioneer, 16 September 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  7. ^ O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers – Singhbhum, Saraikela and Kharsawan (first published 1910)". page 217. Logos Press, Building No. 4788-90, Street No. 23, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi-110002. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  8. ^ a b Singh, Vikas. "Mayurbhanj State Railway". Express News Service, 11 June 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  9. ^ "Paradip port in expansion mode". The Times of India, 4 April 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  10. ^ "Paradip Port Trust". Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Finally, Dhamra port commissioned". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  12. ^ "Dhamra port dedicated to nation". Deccan Chronicle, 18 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  13. ^ "Singapore Co Gets Odisha Nod for Dhamra Port". Business Standard, 3 April 1998. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  14. ^ "Odisha to become a State of ports". The Hindu Business Line, 14 December 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
  15. ^ "Upcoming projects in South Eastern Railway". South Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  16. ^ "MoU signed for Greenfield port at Astaranga". OdishaToay.com. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  17. ^ "Coal Resources of India (As on 1.1.2004)" (PDF). Coal Wing, Geological Survey of India, Kolkata. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  18. ^ Mohapatra, Sadananda. "Poor demand, higher scrap import hit iron ore lump prices". Business Standard, 5 July 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
  19. ^ "IR History: Part - IV (1947 - 1970)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  20. ^ "IR History Part VII (2000-present)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  21. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  22. ^ "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  23. ^ a b c "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  24. ^ "IR History: Part - IV (1947 - 1970)". IRFCA. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  25. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2012.

External links

External video
Faluknama Express passing over Mahanadi bridge