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Khanom thian

Khanom thian (Thai: ขนมเทียน, candle pudding or pastry) is a type of Thai khanom (snack or dessert)[1] prepared in the shape of a candle.[2] It originated in northern Thailand, and is used by some people as a ceremonial dish.


Khanom thian is a pudding or pastry prepared using rice flour or corn flour, coconut milk that has been sweetened, such as with brown sugar,[3] and sesame seeds.[2] Salt is also sometimes used as an ingredient.[3] The mixture is then steamed in banana leaves formed into an enclosed packet shaped like a cone.[2][3][4] After being cooked, its color is similar to that of molasses.[3] It is sometimes garnished with shredded coconut.[3]


The dish originated in the northernmost part of Thailand.[4] Khanom thian has been described as a "ceremonial pudding", and the dish is used as an offering by Chinese Thais to their ancestors during New Year's Eve ceremonies.[4] After the ceremonial offering, khanom thian is given to friends and relatives as a gift.[4]

See also


  1. ^ Short, Philippa (April 28, 2010). "Khanom time! Thailand's inimitable snacks and desserts". CNN Travel. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Cummings, J. (2000). Thailand. Lonely planet: World food. Lonely Planet. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-86450-026-4.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Khanom thian". Northern Thai Information Center. Chiang Mai University Library. July 5, 2007. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Roufs, T.G.; Roufs, K.S. (2014). Sweet Treats around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 332. ISBN 978-1-61069-221-2.