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Khachapuri

Khachapuri
Adjarian khachapuri in an oven.png
Adjarian khachapuri
Alternative nameshachapuri, xachapuri
TypePie
Courseappetizer/street food
Place of originGeorgia
Region or stateCaucasus
Serving temperaturehot
Main ingredientsCheese, eggs, bread
Variationsopen, closed

Khachapuri (Georgian: ხაჭაპური khach’ap’uri [xɑtʃʼɑpʼuri] (About this soundlisten) from Georgian: ხაჭო Georgian pronunciation: [xach'o] "curds" + Georgian: პური Georgian pronunciation: [p'uri] "bread") is a traditional Georgian dish of cheese-filled bread. The bread is leavened and allowed to rise and is shaped in various ways, usually with cheese in the middle and a crust which is ripped off and used to dip in the cheese. The filling contains cheese (fresh or aged, most commonly sulguni), eggs and other ingredients.[1]

In 22 January, 2019 With the order of The CEO of National agency for cultural heritage of georgia, Nikoloz Antidze, The tradition of khachapuri was given the status of Intangible cultural heritage of Georgia. The initiators of this were LTD "Gunda" and Nana Dolidze and Levan Qoqiashvili

It is very popular in Georgia, both in restaurants and as street food. As a Georgian staple food, the price of making khachapuri is used as a measure of inflation in different Georgian cities by the "khachapuri index," developed by the International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University.[2][3]

It is Georgia's national dish that is inscribed on the list of the Intangible cultural heritage of Georgia.[4]

Types

There are several distinctive types of khachapuri in Georgian food from different regions of Georgia:

  • Imeretian (Imeruli), Khachapuri is the most popular form, made by pastry infused with yeast and white Imeretian salted cheese.[5]
  • Adjarian (Acharuli/Adjaruli) A boat-shaped Khachapuri, with cheese, butter and egg yolk in the middle. It is thought to originate from the lazi people, who were sailors. Khachapuri is a certain representation of the boat, sea and sun.
  • Megrelian khachapuri (Megruli), similar to Imeritian but with more cheese added on top.
  • Achma, from Abkhazia, which has multiple layers and looks more like a sauceless lasagna.
  • Gurian (Guruli) khachapuri has boiled eggs inside the dough and looks like a calzone. Arguably, it is not a type of khachapuri. Gurians make them for Christmas and call them simply 'Christmas pie'. In the rest of Georgia, it is called 'Gurian pie'.
  • Ossetian (Osuri) khachapuri, which has potato, as well as cheese in its filling. It is commonly called Khabizgini.
  • Svanuri Lemzira
  • Rachuli khachapuri
  • Samtskhe–Javakhetian Penovani khachapuri is made with puff pastry dough, resulting in a flaky variety of the pie.

Outside Georgia

Georgian restaurant in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York City

Khachapuri is popular in the post-Soviet states, including Russia, where it is usually a simple puff pastry with cheese filling (the same pastry with meat filling is called "samsa").[6][7] It was reported that 175,000 khachapuris were consumed during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.[8] Khachapuri is a popular street food in Armenia, where it is widely served in restaurants and school cafeterias.[9] It has become increasingly popular as a brunch food in Israel, where it is brought over by Georgian Jews.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Goldstein, Darra (1999). The Georgian feast: the vibrant culture and savory food of the Republic of Georgia. 1999: University of California Press. pp. 136–139. ISBN 0-520-21929-5.
  2. ^ Svensson, Therese (April–May 2010). "Tracking monetary policy one big mac – and one khachapuri – at a time". Investor.ge. American Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  3. ^ "Khachapuri Index Project". International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  4. ^ Jones, A. Khachapuri Granted Cultural Heritage Status Georgia Today, 2019
  5. ^ "About Food – Imeruli (Imeretian Khachapuri)". 2012-07-27.
  6. ^ Mosolova, Tanya (15 April 1998). "What Is It? : Georgian Cheese Pies Come in Many Varieties". The Moscow Times. One of the indispensable dishes of a celebratory meal in Georgia, khachapuri, has become very popular in Russia as well.
  7. ^ Bryant, Jordan (2 March 2013). "Хачапури: The Big Cheese!". sras.org. Woodside, CA: School of Russian and Asian Studies. Archived from the original on 18 November 2014.
  8. ^ В Сочи гости Олимпиады съели 175 тысяч хачапури и 34 тонны шашлыка. Argumenty i Fakty (in Russian). 24 February 2014.
  9. ^ Grigoryan, Hasmik (7 August 2011). Ի՞նչ է մատուցվում այսօր դպրոցների բուֆետներում (in Armenian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Armenian Service. ....վաճառվում են հիմնականում բուլկեղեն, խաչապուրի, կարկանդակ, հոթ դոգ ու նույնիսկ մաստակ ու չիպսեր:
  10. ^ Norris, Anna (3 July 2014). "10 mouthwatering dishes of Israel you should really try". From The Grapevine.

External links