This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Khün language

Pronunciation/táj kʰɯ̌ːn/
Native toMyanmar (Shan State), Thailand
Native speakers
(100,000 cited 1990)[1]
Tai Tham script, Thai script
Language codes
ISO 639-3kkh

Khün, or Tai Khün (Tai Khün: ᨴᩱ᩠ᨿᨡᩨ᩠ᨶ /táj kʰɯ̌ːn/; Thai: ไทเขิน [tʰaj kʰɤ̌ːn]), also known as Kengtung Dai, Kengtung-Hsipaw Shan, is the language of the Tai Khün people of Kengtung, Shan State, Myanmar.[3] It is a Tai language that is closely related to Thai and Lao. It is also spoken in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand, and Yunnan Province, China.

Geographical distribution

In China, there are about 10,000 Tai Khuen (Chinese: 傣艮/傣痕) people in the following areas of Yunnan province (Gao 1999).[4]


  Labial Alveolar Postalveolar
/ palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal [m] [n] [ɲ] [ŋ]  
[pʰ] [tʰ] [tɕʰ] [kʰ]  
[p] [t] [tɕ] [k] [ʔ]*
[b] [d]  
Fricative [f] [s]     [h]
Trill   [r]**      
Approximant   [l] [j] [w]  
* The glottal stop is implied[What does 'implied' mean? Is it there or not?] after a short vowel without final, or silent before a vowel.[If it's silent, what's the evidence that it's there?]
** The [r] is often used with Sanskrit and Pali loanwords.

See also


  1. ^ Khun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Khun". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ (thai)
  4. ^ Gao Lishi 高立士. 1999. 傣族支系探微. 中南民族学院学报 (哲学社会科学版). 1999 年第1 期 (总第96 期).

External links