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Kermit Beahan

Kermit K. Beahan
Nickname(s) the Great Artiste
Born (1918-08-09)August 9, 1918
Joplin, Missouri
Died March 9, 1989(1989-03-09) (aged 70)
Clear Lake City, Texas
Allegiance  USA
Service/branch  United States Air Force
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Unit 509th Bomb Wing
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross with 1 Cluster
Air Medal with 7 clusters
Purple Heart
Spouse(s) Tess Lavery

Kermit K. Beahan (August 9, 1918 – March 9, 1989) was a career officer in the United States Air Force and its predecessor United States Army Air Forces during World War II. He was the bombardier on the crew flying the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Bockscar on August 9, 1945 (his 27th birthday), that dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.

He also participated in the first atomic mission that bombed Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Flying as part of the crew of The Great Artiste which was a reference to him,[1] purportedly because he could "hit a pickle barrel with a bomb from 30,000 feet" or he was "good with the fairer sex," his aircraft acted as the blast instrumentation support aircraft for the mission.

Beahan attended Rice University on a football scholarship during the 1930s. In 1939 he joined the Army Air Forces as an aviation cadet but washed out of pilot training, becoming a bombardier instead. He was assigned to the 97th Bombardment Group and took part in the first B-17 raids in Europe by Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses. He flew 13 missions over Europe, 17 missions over North Africa, and five credited combat missions in the Pacific with the 509th Composite Group (including the Nagasaki sortie). He was shot down and crash-landed four times (twice in Europe and North Africa). He returned to the United States as a bombing instructor in Midland, Texas. In the summer of 1944, he was recruited by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets to be part of the 509th Composite Group, which was formed to deliver the atomic bomb.

The mission to bomb Nagasaki was conducted on Beahan's 27th birthday. Admiral Frederick L. Ashworth, who participated on the mission as weaponeer, credited Beahan with saving the mission from failure by finding an opening in the clouds by which to complete the required visual bombing of the city. An estimated 35,000-40,000 people were killed outright by the bombing of Nagasaki, the majority of whom were munitions workers.

Following the Japanese surrender, he returned to the United States as a crewman in the record-breaking 1945 Japan–Washington flight under Lieutenant General Barney M. Giles. He remained in the Air Force until 1964, retiring as a lieutenant colonel. After his retirement, he worked as a technical writer for the engineering and construction firm Brown & Root through 1985.

In 1985, on the 40th anniversary of the Nagasaki bombing, Beahan said he would never apologize for the bombing, and that he had been thanked for his role by a group of 25 Japanese. He said the bombing was the "best way out of a hell of a mess."[2] Beahan hoped that he would forever remain the last man to have dropped an atomic bomb on people.

He died of heart attack in 1989.[2] He was buried at the Houston National Cemetery.[3] He was survived by his wife, the former Teresa Lavery of Belfast. Lavery had a previous marriage, from 1944-46, to Civil War historian Shelby Foote after having met when Foote's artillery unit was deployed to Northern Ireland. Foote had spent six years in the US military and was tasked with making preparations for the invasion of Japan but in spite of his desires, never saw combat. "...Foote was devastated that World War II was over", and it was Beahan, the future husband of his ex-wife who ended it.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Beahan obituary (March 10, 1989)
    Quote:
    'We named our airplane for him,' [pilot] Sweeney said Thursday. 'We used to call him the Great Artiste. He was so good at his work. He was the sparkplug of our crew. We all loved him. We called him Honeybee because he was so likeable.'
  2. ^ a b [www.nytimes.com]
  3. ^ Kermit Beahan at Find a Grave
  4. ^ Shelby Foote: A Writer's Life, by C. Stuart Chapman (2003, pg 93)