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Kermes (insect)

Kermes
Kermes echinatus Balachowsky mature reproductive females - ZooKeys-246-011-g002.jpeg
Kermes echinatus
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Kermes

Latreille, 1798
Species

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Kermes is a genus of scale insects in the order Hemiptera. They feed on the sap of evergreen oaks; the females produce a red dye, also called "kermes", that is the source of natural crimson.[1] The word "kermes" is derived from Persian qirmiz (قرمز), which means "red" or "crimson."

There are six species:

  • Kermes bacciformis Leonardi, 1908
  • Kermes corticalis (Nassonov, 1908)
  • Kermes gibbosus Signoret, 1875
  • Kermes ilicis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Kermes roboris (Fourcroy, 1785)
  • Kermes vermilio Planchon, 1864

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