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Kenda

Kenda
Census Town
Kenda is located in West Bengal
Kenda
Kenda
Location in West Bengal, India
Kenda is located in India
Kenda
Kenda
Kenda (India)
Coordinates: 23°40′38″N 87°10′09″E / 23.6773°N 87.1693°E / 23.6773; 87.1693
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPaschim Bardhaman
Elevation
229 m (751 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total15,731
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyAsansol
Vidhan Sabha constituencyJamuria
Websitebardhaman.gov.in

Kenda is a census town in Jamuria CD Block in Asansol Sadar subdivision in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography

Cities and towns in the eastern portion of Asansol Sadar subdivision in Paschim Bardhaman district
MC: Municipal Corporation, CT: census town, N: neighbourhood, R: rural centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Kenda is located at 23°40′38″N 87°10′09″E / 23.6773°N 87.1693°E / 23.6773; 87.1693.[1] It has an average elevation of 229 m (751 ft). The Asansol region is composed of undulating laterite soil. This area lies between two mighty rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[2]

Urbanisation

As per the 2011 census, 83.33% of the population of Asansol Sadar subdivision was urban and 16.67% was rural.[3] In 2015, the municipal areas of Kulti, Raniganj and Jamuria were included within the jurisdiction of Asansol Municipal Corporation.[4]Asansol Sadar subdivision has 26 (+1 partly) Census Towns.(partly presented in the map alongside; all places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map).

Demographics

As per 2011 Census of India Kenda had a total population of 15,731 of which 8,360 (53%) were males and 7,371 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 1,811. The total number of literates in Kenda was 10,316 (74.11% of the population over 6 years).[5]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Kenda had a population of 14,517. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Kenda has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 51%. In Kenda, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy

Kenda is a coal mining area.[7] One of the area headquarters of Eastern Coalfields Ltd., a subsidiary of Coal India Limited are located here.[8] Underground mining has been hazardous activity leading to accidents. 55 persons were killed in an accident in the New Kenda Colliery in 1994.[9]

Another six persons died in an accident in Shyamsunderpur colliery in 2006.[10] The coal mining area also faces land subsidence problems.[11]

As per ECL website telephone numbers, operational collieries in the Kenda Area of Eastern Coalfields in 2018 are: Bahula Colliery, Chora Block Incline, CI Jambad Colliery, Chora OCP, Haripur Colliery, Lower Kenda Colliery, New Kenda Colliery, Siduli Colliery, SK OCP, West Kenda OCP.[12]

Education

Kenda has three primary and one higher secondary schools.[13]

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kenda
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (in Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  4. ^ "The Kolkata Gazette" (PDF). Notification No. 335/MA/O/C-4/1M-36/2014 dated 3 June 2015. Department of Municipal Affairs, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  5. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  7. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 48
  8. ^ ECL website
  9. ^ Frontline Feb-Mar 2001
  10. ^ The Statesman, 1 December 2006
  11. ^ The Statesman, 22 December 2006 Lok Sabha question
  12. ^ "Area wise Closed User Group (CUG) Telephone Numbers" (PDF). Kajora Area. Eastern Coalfields Limited. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  13. ^ 7th All-India School Education Survey 2003 Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine