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Kaure–Kosare languages

Nawa River
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationa primary language family
Kaure-Kapori languages.svg
Map: The Kaure–Kapori languages of New Guinea
  The Kaure–Kapori languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Kaure–Kosare languages are a small family in West Papua, near the northern border with Papua New Guinea.[1]


Kaure and Kosare (Kosadle) are clearly related. There is a history of classifying them with Kapori and Sause at a more distant level. However, Kapori and Sause show no particular connection to the Kaure languages, and may be closer to Kwerba.[1]

Foley (2018) considers a connection with Trans-New Guinea to be promising, but tentatively leaves Kaure-Kosare out as an independent language family pending further evidence.[2] While Kapauri had previously been classified by others as part of the Kaure group of languages, Foley (2018) considers the evidence linking Kaure with Kapauri to be insufficient. As a result, Kapauri is considered by Foley to be an isolate.

Basic vocabulary

Basic vocabulary of Kaure languages (Kaure, Kosare, Narau, Kapauri) from Foley (2018):[2]

Kaure family basic vocabulary
gloss Kaure Kosare Narau Kapauri
‘bird’ hok huʔ irini
‘dog’ se siʔ unu
‘eat’ (ka)de- (ke)ne- (ka)na- tatu
‘fire’ salen sa sare sene
‘I/we’ wen nuʔ ‘I’, wene ‘we’ kako ‘I’, aru ‘we’
‘knee’ aimon aimó nʉvol
‘leg/foot’ dowe tibiʔ nue tie
‘louse’ min miʔ hanu
‘moon’ paka paka pakaru
‘netbag’ ta ta nifri
‘sky’ depu nubu hunu
‘tooth’ sepokai sindeiʔ sebekai wanu
‘water’ bi mie bi bu
‘you’ hane ine u


  1. ^ a b New Guinea World, Nawa River
  2. ^ a b Foley, William A. (2018). "The languages of Northwest New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 433–568. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.

External links