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Katwa I

Katwa I
কাটোয়া I
Community Development Block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Katwa I is located in West Bengal
Katwa I
Katwa I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°35′46″N 88°05′02″E / 23.59611°N 88.08389°E / 23.59611; 88.08389
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituencyBardhaman Purba, Bolpur
Assembly constituencyKatwa, Ketugram, Mongalkot
Area
 • Total65.23 sq mi (168.94 km2)
Elevation62 ft (19 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total173,087
 • Density2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN713130 (Katwa)
713502 (Dainhat)
Telephone/STD code03453
Vehicle registrationWB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate70.36 per cent
Website[bardhaman.gov.in]
Office of the BDO, Katwa-1 Dev. Block

Katwa I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography

Srikhanda, a constituent gram panchayat of Katwa I block, is located at 23°35′46″N 88°05′02″E / 23.596°N 88.084°E / 23.596; 88.084.

Katwa I CD Block is part of the Bhagirathi basin. The Ajay forms the northern boundary of the CD Block before joining the Bhagirathi, which forms the eastern boundary of the CD Block. The region has many swamps and water-logged areas. The soil is fertile, as it consists mainly of silt deposits.[1]

Katwa I CD Block is bounded by Ketugram II CD Block on the north, Kaliganj CD Block, in Nadia district across the Bhagirathi, on a part of the east, Katwa II CD Block on a part of the east and the south, Manteswar also on the south and Mongalkote CD Block on the west.[2]

Katwa I CD Block has an area of 168.94 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 129 gram sansads (village councils), 66 mouzas and 63 inhabited villages. Katwa police station serves this block.[3]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Katwa.[4]

Gram panchayats of Katwa I block/panchayat samiti are:Alampur, Gidhagram, Goai, Karajgram, Khajurdihi, Koshigram, Saragram, Srikhanda and Sudpur.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India Katwa I CD Block had a total population of 173,087, of which 166,614 were rural and 6,473 were urban. There were 89,087 (51%) males and 84,000 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 20,011. Scheduled Castes numbered 54,731 (31.62%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,025 (0.62%). [6]

As per 2001 census, Katwa I block had a total population of 152,066, out of which 78,638 were males and 73,428 were females. Katwa I block registered a population growth of 16.27 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8]Scheduled castes at 48,852 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,676.[9]

Census Town in Katwa I CD Block is (2011 census figure in brackets): Panuhat (6,473)[6]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Katwa I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Churpuni (6,256), Srikhanda (18,394), Jajigram (4,471), Khajurdih (11,580), Sudpur (7,328), Karajgram (8,800), Bandmura (8,074), Ganfulia (5,150), Gusumba (5,276), Kaithan (7,101) and Gidhgram (4,781).[6]

Other villages in Katwa I CD Block included (2011census figures in brackets): Goai (1,451), Alampur (2,774) and Kashigram (3,814).[6]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Katwa I CD Block was 107,698 (70.36% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 59,506 (75.41% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 48,192 (64.98% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 10.42%.[6]

per 2001 census, Katwa I block had a total literacy of 61.56 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 69.84 per cent female literacy was 52.66 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person’s mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 82.3% of the population of Bardhaman district in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001 Santali has remained steady at around 4.9% during the period, and Urdu has increased its share from 2.4% in 1961 to 2.6% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were: Odiya (0.3%), Punjabi (0.2%), Koda/Kora (0.2%), Telugu (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and Kurukh/ Oraon (0.1%).[11]

Religion in Katwa I CD Block
Hindu
70.33%
Muslim
29.41%
Christian
0.13%
Others
0.13%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 121,727 and formed 70.33% of the population in Katwa I CD Block. Muslims numbered 50,909 and formed 29.41% of the population. Christians numbered 228 and formed 0.03% of the population. Others numbered 223 and formed 0.03% of the population.[12]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[13]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Katwa I CD Block was 36.16%.[14]

Economy

Livelihood

In Katwa I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 19.86%, agricultural labourers 39.64%, household industry workers 4.35% and other workers 36.16%.[3]

Katwa I CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[15]

Infrastructure

All 66 or 100% of mouzas in Katwa I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[3]

All 66 mouzas in Katwa I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 79 fertiliser depots, 10 seed store and 55 fair price shops in the CD Block.[3]

Industry

The 660 x 2 MW Katwa Super Thermal Power Station is being constructed by NTPC Limited.[16]

Agriculture

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Katwa I CD Block

  Bargadars (9.83%)
  Patta holders (4.27%)
  Small farmers (6.50%)
  Marginal farmers (25.48%)
  Agricultural labourers (53.92%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[17] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Katwa I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 9.83%, patta (document) holders 4.27%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.50%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 25.48% and agricultural labourers 53.92%.[3]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Katwa I CD Block was 13,617 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 7,890 hectares.[18]

In 2013-14, Katwa I CD Block produced 4,794 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 1,808 hectares, 36,518 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 7,519 hectares, 27 tonnes of wheat from 10 hectare, 26,405 tonnes of potatoes from 834 hectares and 10,136 tonnes of sugar cane from 163 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[3]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% respectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[19] In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Katwa I CD Block was 7,015.40 hectares, out of which 5,880.71 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 91.72 hectares by river lift irrigation and 1,042.97 hectares by deep tube wells.[3]

Banking

In 2013-14, Katwa I CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[3]

Transport

Katwa I CD Block has 18 originating/ terminating bus routes.[3]

The Bandel-Katwa branch line meets Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa loop at Katwa.[20]

The Bardhaman-Katwa line, after conversion from narrow gauge to electrified broad gauge, was opened to the public on 12 January 2018. [21]

The narrow gauge 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) Ahmedpur Katwa Railway, built and operated as part of McLeod’s Light Railways, is being converted, by Indian Railways, to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) from 2013.[22]

State Highway 6 (West Bengal) running from Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) and State Highway 14 (West Bengal) running from Dubrajpur (in Birbhum district) to Betai (in Nadia district) cross in this block.[23]

State Highway 15 (West Bengal) running from Dainhat (in Burdwan district) to Gadiara (in Howrah district) originates in this block.[23]

Education

In 2013-14, Katwa I CD Block had 100 primary schools with 10,017 students, 4 middle schools with 346 students, 12 high school with 7,404 students and 4 higher secondary schools with 4,618 students. Katwa I CD Block had 2 technical/ professional institutions with 592 students, 259 institutions for special and non-formal education with 12,616 students[3]

Chandrapur College was established at Chandrapur in 1985.[24]

Healthcare

In 2014, Katwa I CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 3 primary health centres with total 28 beds and 6 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 25 family welfare subcentres. 281 patients were treated indoor and 171,514 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[3]

Katwa I CD Block has a block primary health centre at Srikhanda, and primary health centres at Kaithan and Sudpur.[25][26]

Katwa I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[27]

External links

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  9. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Mother-tongue: Table 11, page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  12. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Katwa Super Thermal Power Project" (PDF). NTPC Limited. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  20. ^ "37913 Howrah-Katwa local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  21. ^ "Baro rail Katwae, jamlo bhidr (Big railway in Katwa, crowd gathers)". Bengali. Ananda Bazar Patrika, 13 January 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Emotions pasted, one last run". 14 January 2013. The Telegraph,. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  23. ^ a b "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  24. ^ "Chandrapur College". CC. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  25. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  26. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Katwa I Block Map on page 463. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  27. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.