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Karate World Championships

Karate World Championships
Competition details
DisciplineKarate
Typekumite and kata, biennial
OrganiserWorld Karate Federation (WKF)
History
First edition1970 in Tokyo, Japan
Editions24 (2018)
Final edition2018 in madrid, spain
Most wins188 medals  Japan

The Karate World Championships, also known as the World Karate Championships, are the highest level of competition for karate organized by the World Karate Federation (WKF).[1][2][3][4][5] The competition is held in a different city every two years.[6] Some of the most recent championships include Madrid in 2002, Monterrey in 2004, Tampere in 2006, Tokyo in 2008, and Belgrade in 2010.[7][8] The competition was initially riddled with controversy regarding karate styles and the ruleset.[2][9][10][11][12]

In 1980, women were first allowed to compete in the championships.[9]

Competition and events

Kumite

  • Individual kumite – men and women
  • Team kumite – men and women

Kumite Rules

The result of a bout is determined by a contestant obtaining a clear lead of eight points, having the highest number of points at time-up, obtaining a decision (hantei ), or by an accumulation of prohibited behaviors imposed against a contestant.

Scoring & Penalties

  • Ippon (three points)
    • Jodan (head, face, neck) kicks
    • Any scoring technique delivered on a thrown or fallen opponent
  • Waza-ari (two points)
    • Chudan (abdomen, chest, back, side) kicks
  • Yuko (one point)
    • Tsuki (punch)
    • Uchi (strike)
  • Prohibited behavior
    • Category 1
      • Techniques which make excessive contact, in regards to the scoring area attacked, or make contact with the throat
      • Attacks to the arms or legs, groin, joints, or instep
      • Attacks to the face with open hand techniques
      • Dangerous or forbidden throwing techniques
    • Category 2
      • Feigning or exaggerating injury
      • Exit from the competition area (jogai ) not caused by the opponent
      • Self-endangerment by indulging in behavior which exposes the contestant to injury by the opponent, or failing to take adequate measures for self-protection (mubobi )
      • Avoiding combat as a means of preventing the opponent having the opportunity to score
      • Passivity – not attempting to engage in combat (cannot be given after less than the last 10 seconds of the match)
      • Clinching, wrestling, pushing, or standing chest-to-chest without attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Grabbing the opponent with both hands for any other reason than executing a takedown upon catching the opponent's kicking leg
      • Grabbing the opponent's arm or karategi (uniform) with one hand without immediately attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Techniques which, by their nature, cannot be controlled for the safety of the opponent, and other dangerous and uncontrolled attacks
      • Simulated attacks with the head, knees, or elbows
      • Talking to or goading the opponent
      • Failing to obey the orders of the referee
  • Warnings and penalties
    • Chukoku is imposed for the first instance of a minor infraction in the applicable category.
    • Keikoku is imposed for the second instance of a minor infraction in that category, or for infractions not serious enough to merit hansoku-chui.
    • Hansoku-chui is a warning of disqualification usually imposed for infractions for which a keikoku has previously been given in that bout; it may be imposed directly for serious infringements which do not merit hansoku.
    • Hansoku is the penalty of disqualification following a very serious infraction or when a hansoku-chui has already been given. In team matches, the offender's score will be zeroed and the opponent's score will be set at eight points.

Kata

  • Individual kata – men and women
  • Team kata (synchronized) – men and women
  • Team kata with bunkai

List of Karate World Championships

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 1970 Tokyo  Japan 2
2 1972 Paris  France 2
3 1975 Long Beach  United States 2
4 1977 Tokyo  Japan 2
5 1980 Madrid  Spain 10
6 1982 Taipei  Chinese Taipei 13
7 1984 Maastricht  Netherlands 13
8 1986 Sydney  Australia 15
9 1988 Cairo  Egypt 16
10 1990 Mexico City  Mexico 16
11 1992 Granada  Spain 16
12 1994 Kota Kinabalu  Malaysia 16
13 1996 Sun City  South Africa 17
14 1998 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 17
15 2000 Munich  Germany 17
16 2002 Madrid  Spain 17
17 2004 Monterrey  Mexico 17
18 2006 Tampere  Finland 17
19 2008 Tokyo  Japan 17
20 2010 Belgrade  Serbia 16
21 2012 Paris  France 16
22 2014 Bremen  Germany 16
23 2016 Linz  Austria 16
24 2018 Madrid  Spain 16
25 2020 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 16
26 2022 Budapest  Hungary 16

All-time medal table

The following reflects the all-time medal counts as of the 2018 World Karate Championships:

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Japan905256198
2 France554567167
3 Great Britain29222576
4 Spain212769117
5 Italy193356108
6 Turkey12103254
7 Netherlands10111839
8 Iran1082341
9 Germany8123252
10 Azerbaijan75416
11 United States6111835
12 Egypt582235
13 Brazil45716
14 Venezuela431017
15 Finland43815
16 Serbia41611
17 Croatia34916
18 Russia34714
19 Sweden34613
20 Greece34310
21 Australia331016
22 Mexico2349
23 Austria22711
24 Serbia and Montenegro2068
25 Norway15410
26 Chinese Taipei13711
27 Vietnam1304
28 China1214
29 Slovakia11810
30  Switzerland1168
31 Netherlands Antilles1135
32 Senegal1102
33 Benin1012
 Chile1012
 Georgia1012
36 Estonia1001
 Poland1001
 South Africa1001
39 Hungary0437
40 Canada0358
41 Bosnia and Herzegovina0347
42 Yugoslavia0224
43 Tunisia0213
44 Peru0178
45 Belgium0145
 Denmark0145
 Kazakhstan0145
48 Ukraine0134
49 Malaysia0123
 Morocco0123
51 Czech Republic0112
 Guatemala0112
 Luxembourg0112
54 Czechoslovakia0101
 Paraguay0101
56 Algeria0022
 Romania0022
58Template:Country data IOA0011
 Argentina0011
 Bulgaria0011
 Dominican Republic0011
 Hong Kong0011
 Indonesia0011
 Kosovo0011
 Latvia0011
 Montenegro0011
 North Macedonia0011
 Philippines0011
 Singapore0011
 Slovenia0011
Totals (70 nations)3233235981244

See also

References

  1. ^ Coleman, Jim (September 1992). "Questions and Answers with Wuko's Head Man". Black Belt. 30 (9): 30–33. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  3. ^ Malaysia welcome extra category. Thestar.com.my (2008-11-19). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  4. ^ Sports: Three fighters, one heart. Sptimes.com. Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  5. ^ Mmegi Online :: Karate team leaves for WFK Championships. Mmegi.bw (2010-10-22). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  6. ^ Olympic Bid Sports Capsules – Olympics – ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (2009-06-14). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  7. ^ "World Karate Championships returning to Japan". Japan Today. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
  8. ^ "Karate World Championship to be Held in Belgrade Next Year". Ministry of Sport. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
  9. ^ a b "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Black Belt - Google Books". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-27.

External links