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Karakattam (Tamil: கரகாட்டம் or "karakam (கரகம் 'water pot') dance") is an ancient folk dance of Tamil Nadu performed in praise of the rain goddess Mariamman.The ancient Tamil epic says that this type of dance has derived from Bharatham and a mixture of multiple forms of Tamil Dance forms like Bharatanatyam postures,mudras.The offering of this dance is to the goddess to bless Rain. The song accompanies be of any song like folk, Carnatic (Amrithavarshini)
The performers balance a pot on their head. Traditionally, this dance is categorized into two types- Aatta Karakam is danced with decorated pots on the head and symbolizes joy and happiness. It is mainly performed to entertain the audience. The Sakthi Karakam is performed only in temples as a spiritual offering.
Karakkatam ceremonial dance to invoke rain through a classical Tamil dance.The song commonly composed in Amrithavarshini Ragam ( Ragamalika) that invoke rain.Tamils believed that the mother nature gives bountiful rain and protect the harvest.
In 1989, a Tamil movie, Karagattakaran, was made that featured its central characters practitioners of karakattam. The movie went on to become very popular and an advertisement for the dance form, especially because of the music by Ilaiyaraja and, in particular, the song, "Maanguyilae Poonguyile."
The Karakattam usually be in a saree for adults, blouse or low bottom.But there is no definite dress forms as the main property is to have a Karakam ( Pot) in the head of the dancer.The common attire includes sarees or kurtha, colored towel and a pot.