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Karachi–Peshawar Line

Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line
کراچی–پشاور مرکزی راه آهن خط
Overview
Other name(s)Main Line 1
ML-1[1]
Native nameکراچی–پشاور مرکزی راه آهن خط
TerminiKarachi City or Kiamari
Peshawar Cantonment
Stations184
Operation
OwnerPakistan Railways
Operator(s)Pakistan Railways
Technical
Line length1,687 km (1,048 mi)
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Operating speed105 km/h (65 mph) (Current)
160 km/h (99 mph) (Proposed)[2]
Route map

km
0
Kiamari
5
Karachi City
9
Karachi Cantt
--
Departure Yard
19
Drigh Road
21
Drigh Colony
24
Malir Colony
26
Malir
--
Malir Cantonment
29
Landhi Junction
Left arrow
Landhi—Korangi Branch Line
35
Jummah Goth
43
Bin Qasim
45
Badal Nala
48
Marshalling Yard Pipri
51
Gaddar
61
Dabheji
79
Ran Pethani
91
Jungshahi
108
Braudabad
124
Jhimpir
143
Meting
164
Bholari
174
Kotri Junction
Right arrow
Kotri–Attock Railway Line
to Sehwan, Larkana Junction, Jacobabad Junction
183
Hyderabad Junction
Left arrow
Hyderabad-Badin Branch Line
190
Detha
Left arrow
Hyderabad-Khokhrapar Branch Line
205
Allahdino Sand
213
Palijani
221
Oderolal
228
Wahab Shah
237
Tando Adam Junction
246
Jalal Marri
256
Shahdadpur
270
Lundo
280
Sarhari
298
Nawabshah
311
Bucheri
323
Daur
337
Bandhi
348
Kot Lalloo
358
Pad Idan Junction
371
Bhiria Road
384
Lakha Road
398
Mehrabpur Junction
411
Setharja
420
Ranipur Riyasat
427
Gambat
--
Pir Katpar
442
Tando Mustikhan
456
Khairpur
467
Begmanji
Right arrow
Rohri–Chaman Railway Line
to Sukkur, Sibi, Quetta
481
Rohri Junction
489
Mando Dairo
501
Sangi
513
Pano Akil
525
Mahesar
539
Ghotki
550
Sarhad
564
Mirpur Mathelo
578
Daharki
596
Reti
614
Walhar
624
Machi Goth
Provincial Border
632
Sadikabad
643
Adam Sahaba
654
Rahim Yar Khan
666
Tarinda
675
Kot Samaba
685
Sahja
696
Khanpur Junction
706
Jetha Bhutta
718
Firoza
741
Liaquat Pur
760
Chanigot
771
Kulab
783
Dera Nawab Sahib
798
Mubarakpur
807
Kalanchwala
819
Samasata Junction
Left arrow
Samasata-Amruka Branch Line
to Hasilpur, Tamewali, Bahawalnagar Jn
831
Bahawalpur
Empress Bridge
838
Admwahan
0
847
Lodhran Junction
LowerLeft arrow
Lodhran–Raiwind Branch Line
to Vehari,Mandi Burewala, Pakpattan
857
Shahidanwala
via Chord
11
858
Shah Nal
863
Rukanpur
via Chord
25
872
Gilawala
878
Dunyapur
via Chord
36
883
Zarif Shaheed
889
Kutabpur
via Chord
48
895
Shujabad
56
903
Chak
905
Jahania
via Chord
Right arrow
Sher Shah–Kot Addu Branch Line
to Muzaffargarh, Kot Addu Junction
72
919
Sher Shah Junction
922
Jangal Mariala
via Chord
78
925
Muzaffarabad
929
Mehar Shah
via Chord
87
934
Multan Cantt
--
Multan City
98
945
Piran Ghaib
108
955
Tatipur
Closed
115
962
Riazabad
120
967
Kot Abbas Shaheed
Closed
127
974
Shamkote
938
136
983
Khanewal Junction
942
Dera Taj
953
Rajput Nagar
959
Kacha Khuh
969
Mohsinwal
981
Mian Channun
999
Kassowal
1015
Chichawatni
1036
Harappa
--
Mirdad Muafi
1056
Sahiwal
--
Nur Muhammad Mokal
Closed
1066
Yousafwala
--
Qadirabad
Closed
1081
Okara Cantt
1093
Okara
1102
Kissan
1110
Renala Khurd
1126
Habibabad
1133
Sehjowal
Closed
1139
Pattoki
--
Wan Adhan
Closed
BS-Link Canal
1152
Changa Manga
1160
Bhoe Asal
Closed
1168
Kot Radha Kishan
1175
Prem Nagar
1183
Raiwind Junction
Left arrow
Lodhran–Raiwind Branch Line
to Kasur Junction
1192
Jia Bagga
Hudiara Drain
1201
Kana Kacha
Closed
1208
Kot Lakhpat
1212
Walton
1218
Lahore Cantt
Left arrow
Lahore–Wagah Branch Line
1223
Lahore Junction
1225
Badami Bagh
1230
Shahdara Bagh Junction
Right arrow
Shahdara Bagh–Sangla Hill Branch Line
to Qila Sheikhupura Junction
Left arrow
Shahdara Bagh–Chak Amru Branch Line
to Narowal Junction
1240
Kala Shah Kaku
1249
Muridke
1259
Sadhoke
1269
Kamoke
1278
Eminabad
1280
Theri Sansi
Closed
Upper Chenab Canal
1290
Gujranwala City
1291
Gujranwala
1299
Gujranwala Cantt
1306
Ghakkhar Mandi
1315
Dhaunkal
Right arrow
Khanewal–Wazirabad Branch Line
Left arrow
Wazirabad–Narowal Branch Line
1322
Wazirabad Junction
1325
Haripur Band
1336
Gujrat
1346
Deona Juliani
Right arrow
Shorkot–Lalamusa railway line
Sargodha Junction, Jhang
1355
Lala Musa Junction
1362
Chak Pirana
1365
Kharian Cantt
1371
Kharian
1381
Choa Kariala
1365
Serai Alamgir
1389
Jhelum
1394
Kala Gujran
1401
Kaluwal
1407
Dina
1413
Ratial
1420
Domeli
1426
Bakrala
1431
Tarki
1439
Sohawa
1449
Missa Keswal
1458
Gujar Khan
1465
Ghungrila
1472
Mandra Junction
UpperRight arrow
Mandra—Bhoun railway line
to Chakwal
1481
Kaliamawan
1486
Mankiala
1496
Sihala
1507
Chaklala
1512
Rawalpindi
1515
Nur (Rawalpindi)
1522
Madina-Tul-Hijjaj
1527
Golra Sharif Junction
Right arrow
Golra Sharif–Kohat Cantt Section
to Basal Junction, Jand Junction
1537
Sangjani
1544
Taxila Cantt Junction
Left arrow
Taxila–Khunjerab Railway Line
to Havelian
1547
Wah Cantt
1552
Budho
1556
Wah
1560
Hasan Abdal
1570
Burhan
1579
Faqirabad
1587
Sanjwal
1595
Attock City Junction
Right arrow
Attock—Kotri Railway Line
1605
Rumian
1612
Attock Khurd
Provincial Border
1616
Khairabad Kund
1624
Jahangira Road
1630
Akora Khattak
1638
Hayat Sher Pao Shaheed
1643
Nowshera Junction
Left arrow
Nowshera—Dargai branch Line
to Risalpur, Mardan JN, Takht-I-Bhai
1650
Khushhal Kot
1653
Pir Piai
1664
Pabbi
1669
Taru Jabba
1674
Nasarpur
1682
Peshawar City
1687
Peshawar Cantt

Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line (Urdu:کراچی–پشاور مرکزی راه آهن خط‬) (also referred to as Main Line 1 or ML-1) is one of four main railway lines in Pakistan, operated and maintained by Pakistan Railways. The line begins from Karachi City station or Kiamari station and ends at Peshawar Cantonment Station. The total length of this railway line is 1,687 kilometers (1,048 mi). There are 184 railway stations from Kiamari to Peshawar Cantonment on this line.[3] The line serves as the main passenger and freight line of the country. 75% of the country’s cargo and passenger traffic uses the line. The line is currently undergoing an six-year 886.68 billion (US$8.4 billion) upgrade and renovation as part of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, with average rail speeds expected be doubled to 160 kilometers per hour upon completion.[4]

History

Pakistan Railways network map with Main Line 1 shown in black

The present-day Karachi–Peshawar Railway Line was built as a patchwork of different railways during the 19th century. The present day line consists of the following historic sections built between 1861 and 1900:

  • Karachi–Kotri section, opened in 1861 (Kotri Bridge over the Indus River, opened in 1899)
  • Kotri–Rohri section, opened in 1900
  • Rohri–Multan section, opened in 1879 (Empress Bridge (near Bahawalpur) over the Sutlej River, opened in 1878)
  • Multan–Lahore section, opened in 1861
  • Lahore–Peshawar section, opened in 1876 (Attock Bridge over the Indus River, opened in 1883)

Early development

The Scinde Railway was constructed in 1861 as a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge railway line between Karachi and Kotri.[5][6] Work on the line had commenced in April 1858 and was the first railway line for public use in the region.[7] Following the completion of the line, the Indus Steam Flotilla began docking in Kotri (instead of Karachi) from Multan.[8] The Punjab Railway was constructed and inaugurated in late 1861 as a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge railway line between Multan and Lahore, and later extended to Amritsar.[5][6][9] Thus the travel time between Sindh and Punjab was greatly reduced together with the Scinde Railway, Indus Steam Flotilla and Punjab Railways; what normally took 40 days to travel between Karachi and Lahore now took 48 hours to transport passengers and cargo.

Mergers & expansion

In 1870, the Scinde, Punjab & Delhi Railway was formed from the incorporation of the Scinde Railway, Indus Steam Flotilla, Punjab Railway and Delhi Railway companies in order to increase efficiency of passenger and cargo transport between Sindh and Punjab.[10] However, the rail gap between Kotri and Multan was considered a hassle as the Indus River and Sutlej River were major obstacles to cross at the time. In 1871, the Indus Valley State Railway was inaugurated and construction began on extending the railway line from Multan south towards Bahawalpur (crossing the Sutlej River) and on wards to Rohri. In 1876, the Punjab Northern State Railway was constructed between Lahore and Peshawar and in 1883 the Attock Bridge over the Indus River was opened.[11] In 1878, the Empress Bridge over the Sutlej River was opened and in 1879 the Indus Valley State Railway reached Rohri. From Rohri, a steam ferry would transport eight rail carriages at a time across the Indus between Rohri and Sukkur. This was found to be cumbersome and time-consuming. In 1889, the Lansdowne Bridge between Rohri and Sukkar was opened and in 1893, work on the Kotri Bridge commenced. It was only in 1900 that the section between Rohri and Kotri was completed.[12][13][14] In 1885, all the companies were merged to form the North Western State Railway.

Stations

The stations on this line are as follows:

References

  1. ^ Amer Sial (August 17, 2016). "Pak Railways poised to get massive funding from CPEC and CAREC". Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  2. ^ Pakistan Railways: A Performance Analysis - Citizens’ Periodic Reports on the Performance of State Institutions (PDF). Islamabad: PILDAT. December 2015. p. 21. ISBN 978-969-558-589-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 24, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Pakistan Railways Time & Fare Table 2015" (PDF). Musafir (in English and Urdu). Pakistan. October 2015: 58–93. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  4. ^ Shahbaz Rana (30 September 2016). "China approves $5.5b for Pakistan's main rail link". The Express Tribune. Islamabad, Pakistan. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  5. ^ a b H.M. Government “Statute Law Repeals: Nineteenth Report : Draft Statute Law (Repeals) Bill; April 2012"; pages 134-135, paragraphs 3.78-3.83 Retrieved on 2 January 2016
  6. ^ a b "Money Market and City Intelligence", "The Times", Wednesday, 15 June 1859, #23333, 7a.
  7. ^ Grace’s Guide “Scinde Railway” Retrieved on 2 January 2016
  8. ^ "Money Market and City Intelligence", The Times, Wednesday, 15 June 1859, #23333, 7a
  9. ^ Andrew, Sir William Patrick (6 June 2018). "The Punjaub Railway. A Selection from Official Correspondence Regarding the Introduction of Railways Into the Punjaub, with Map of Scinde and the Punjaub ..." W.H. Allen and Company – via Google Books.
  10. ^ The Railway News and Joint-Stock Journal, Volume 13. London. 1870. p. 621. The scheme for amalgamating the Scine Railway, the Indus Flotilla, the Punjaub Railway, and the Delhi Railway into one united undertaking, as from the 1st of July, 1870, was taken as read.
  11. ^ Google Books "Engines of Change: The Railroads that Made India" by Ian J. Kerr, page 84 Retrieved on 12 Jul 2016
  12. ^ "Shadbolt Collection: Construction of the Indus Bridge at Kotri.”; Retrieved on 26 Maqy 2016
  13. ^ “Indian Biographical Dictionary” 1915 page 390; Retrieved on 26 Mayr 2016
  14. ^ Google Books " India List and India Office List, 1905" page 479 (pdf page 442) Retrieved on 26 May 2016