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Kankurgachi

Kankurgachi
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Kankurgachi is located in Kolkata
Kankurgachi
Kankurgachi
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°34′35″N 88°23′15″E / 22.57625°N 88.387528°E / 22.57625; 88.387528
Country India
StateWest Bengal
CityKolkata
DistrictKolkata
Metro StationPhoolbagan(under construction) and Bengal Chemical(under construction)
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation
KMC wards30, 31, 32
Elevation
36 ft (11 m)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700 054
Area code(s)+91 33
Lok Sabha constituencyKolkata Uttar
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBeleghata and Maniktala

Kankurgachi is a neighbourhood of North-East Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India. With a cosmopolitan crowd and several commercial buildings and restaurants, Kankurgachi is considered as one of the upmarket and elite places in Kolkata.[1] Kankurgachi has become a very important part of Kolkata due its excellent connectivity and infrastructure. Kolkata Airport, Bidhannagar Road railway station, Salt Lake (which houses the technological park of Kolkata, Sector V) and New Town are close to Kankurgachi.

Etymology

It was an area which was reclaimed early from the Salt Lakes. Kankur, a species of melon, grew well in the area.[2]


History

The East India Company obtained from the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1717, the right to rent from 38 villages surrounding their settlement. Of these 5 lay across the Hooghly in what is now Howrah district. The remaining 33 villages were on the Calcutta side. After the fall of Siraj-ud-daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, it purchased these villages in 1758 from Mir Jafar, and reorganised them. These villages were known en-bloc as Dihi Panchannagram and Kankurgachi was one of them. It was considered to be a suburb beyond the limits of the Maratha Ditch.[3][4][2]

Kankurgachi was developed by the Kolkata Improvement Trust (formerly Calcutta Improvement Trust.)[citation needed] Kankurgachi township began in the 60s along with Salt Lake. Earlier it was planned to provide residential houses only to doctors and lawyers, but eventually this placed developed into a cosmopolitan neighbourhood.

Transportation

The area is well connected with other parts of the city by extremely convenient bus and auto routes. Buses from almost every location in and around Kolkata are available from here. Auto-rickshaw services are extremely frequent in this area, and are available from Kankurgachi to Phoolbagan, Salt Lake, EM Bypass, Sealdah, R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital and Ganesh Talkies regularly. Ultadanga, one of the city's important junctions and the location for one of Kolkata's busiest railway stations Bidhan Nagar Road, is a kilometer away from Kankurgachi. The place is a major junction to reach few other important destinations, namely the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (Dum Dum Airport) and New Town. Kankurgachi is also connected by the Calcutta Tramways Company from Ultadanga to Central and South Kolkata. The Bengal Chemical Metro Station of the East West Metro Railway network is located near Kankurgachhi (on Eastern Metropoliton Bypass).

Economy

Industry

The main gate of the Maniktala Main Road factory of BCPL, Kolkata

Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals was founded by Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray at Maniktala in 1892. The company shifted to its present site on Maniktala Main Road at Kankugachi in 1901. Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals is now owned by the Central Government.[5][6]

Commerce and services

Kankurgachi is primarily marked by a huge outlet of Pantaloons, one of India's leading retailers. Tanishq, Fabindia & M.P. Jewellers has been called a "jewellery hub" with several large jewelry stores in the area. An outlet of the most famous diamond retail chain of India, Tribhovandas Bhimji Zaveri is also located in Kankurgachhi.[7] The famous pan India optical chain Lawrence and Mayo apart from World Of Titan and Titan Eye have their outlets here too.

Kankurgachi is considered to have "an excellent social infrastructure."[1] Famous eateries dot the area viz. Hong Kong Chinese Restaurant, The Rose and Honey Da Dhaba. Espresso bars like Barista and Cafe Coffee Day are also located here. Domino's Pizza and Sharma's Tea have outlets too. Besides the Bhujia barons like Tewary, Haldiram and Bhikharam Chandmall have their outlets here too. Bidhan Sishu Udyan,a historical play and activity centre founded by the Late Atulya Ghosh is located here too.

The largest Muslim burial ground in Asia,the Bagmari Kabarasthan is also in Kakurgachhi.

In addition, the area is also noted for providing good health care services.[1] Apollo Hospitals,North City Hospital and a host of well equipped nursing homes and chemist shops like Frank Ross and Dhanwantary are located in Kakurgachi too. Kankurgachi has become home for all the major banks. Axis Bank, HDFC, ICICI, SBI, Allahabad Bank, Indian Bank, UBI, Yes Bank, Indusind Bank and PNB are some of the major banks located here. Many renowned educational and training centres are also situated in this area, the most prominent one being Arena Animation Kankurgachi, one of Eastern India's largest animation centres. Mani square is the other local mall in this area, which houses various luxury brands and restaurant. The nearest multiplex is Inox Swabhumi.

Education

Harvard House, Purwanchal Vidyamandir are amongst the leading schools in this area, following CISCE curriculum. Other schools situated in this area are Surah Kanya Girls' School, Narkeldanga High School and Shyamaprasad Mukherjee Institution. Gurudas College, affiliated to the University of Calcutta is also present in this area. Calcutta Boys' School,the iconic century old educational institution also has its Beliaghata branch located in close vicinity. The zonal office of Damodar Valley Corporation, Uttarapan Shopping complex, Tata Teleservices (formerly Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd), the State Central Library, the State Labour Institute, and the Bureau of Indian Standards (ISI) are also located in Kankurgachhi.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Real Estate Defines Lifestyle and Economy of West Bengal". India Blooms. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 14-15, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook Kolkata, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 6-10: The History. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  4. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, first published 1909/reprint 1980, pages 103-4 and 221, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  5. ^ "Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd". BCPL. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Chemistry of Nationalism". The Telegraph. 7 December 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  7. ^ Sutodia, Sandhya (30 April 2013). "Kankurgachi Emerges as the Jewelry Hub". Diamond World. Retrieved 2 July 2015.