This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Kanksa (community development block)

Kanksa
Community development block
Terracotta panels at Bankati temple
Terracotta panels at Bankati temple
Kanksa is located in West Bengal
Kanksa
Kanksa
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°28′16″N 87°27′16″E / 23.47111°N 87.45444°E / 23.47111; 87.45444
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPaschim Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituencyBardhaman-Durgapur
Assembly constituencyGalsi, Durgapur Purba
Area
 • Total107.89 sq mi (279.44 km2)
Elevation
230 ft (70 m)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total178,125
 • Density1,700/sq mi (640/km2)
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN
713148 (Panagarh Bazar)
713172 (Trilokchandpur)
Telephone/STD code0343
Vehicle registrationWB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate76.34 per cent
Website[bardhaman.gov.in]

Kanksa is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Durgapur subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography

Kanksa is located at 23°28′16″N 87°27′16″E / 23.471199°N 87.454495°E / 23.471199; 87.454495.

Map of Paschim Bardhaman district

Kanksa CD Block is part of the Kanksa Ketugram plain, which lies along the Ajay. The river forms a boundary with Birbhum district on the north for a long stretch and then flows through district.[1] The uneven laterite territory found in the western part of Bardhaman district extends up to Ausgram and then the alluvial flood plains commence.[2] The entire Durgapur-Kanksa-Faridpur-Ausgram area was densely forested even in more recent times. The influx of refugees from East Pakistan and their rehabilitation in the area, and irrigation facilities extended by Damodar Valley Corporation led to destruction of much of the forests in the area, but some still remain.[3]

Kanksa CD Block is bounded by Ilambazar CD Block, in Birbhum district, on the north, Ausgram II and Galsi II CD Blocks on the east, Barjora and Sonamukhi CD Blocks, in Bankura district, on the south and Faridpur Durgapur CD Block on the west.[4]

Kanksa CD Block has an area of 279.44 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 132 gram sansads (village councils), 86 mouzas and 77 inhabited villages. Kanksa police station serves this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Kanksa.[6]

Gram panchayats of Kanksa block/panchayat samiti are: Amalajore, Bidbihar, Bonkati, Gopalpur, Kanksa, Molandighi and Trilokchandrapur.[7]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India Kanksa CD Block had a total population of 178,125, of which 103,594 were rural and 74,531 were urban. There were 91,350 (51%) males and 86,775 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 20,210. Scheduled Castes numbered 62,239 (34.99%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 18,239 (10.24%).[8]

As per 2001 census, Kanksa block had a total population of 151,255, out of which 78,669 were males and 72,586 were females. Kanksa block registered a population growth of 17.71 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10] Scheduled castes at 59,956 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 15,290.[11]

Census Towns in Kanksa CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Arra (7,808), Gopalpur (15,967), Bamunara (6,665), Amlajora (5,856), Kanksa (23,789), Debipur (9,967) and Prayagpur (4,479).[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Kanksa CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Basudha (5,166), Ijjatganj (4,085) and Panagarh (5,510),[8]

Other villages in Kanksa CD Block included (2011census figures in brackets): Bidbihar (206), Bankati (1,255), Malandighi (2,590), Banskopa (2,711), Tilakchandrapur (1,970), Gourangapur (110) and Sibpur (1953).[8]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Kanksa CD Block was 120,545 (76.34% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 67,797 (82.05% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 52,748 (68.62% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 15.03%.[8]

As per 2001 census, Kanksa block had a total literacy of 68.05 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 78.24 per cent female literacy was 56.96 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[12]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

As per census definition, mother-tongue is the language spoken in childhood by the person's mother to the person. As a mother-tongue, Bengali has decreased its share from 82.3% of the population of Bardhaman district in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, Hindi has increased its share from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001 Santali has remained steady at around 4.9% during the period, and Urdu has increased its share from 2.4% in 1961 to 2.6% in 2001. Other mother-tongues spoken in 2001 were: Odiya (0.3%), Punjabi (0.2%), Koda/Kora (0.2%), Telugu (0.1%), Bhojpuri (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and Kurukh/ Oraon (0.1%).[13]

According to the West Bengal Official Language Act 1961 and the West Bengal Official Language (Amendment Act) 2012, the Bengali language is to be used for official purposes in the whole of West Bengal. In addition to Bengali, the Nepali language is to be used for official purposes in the three hills subdivisions, namely Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Kurseong, in the district of Darjeeling, and Urdu is to be used for official purposes in district/subdivision/ block/ municipality where the population speaking Urdu exceeds 10% of the total population. The English language will continue to be used for official purposes as it was being used prior to the enactment of these laws.[14][15][16][17]

The West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2012, included Hindi, Santhali, Odiya and Punjabi as official languages if it is spoken by a population exceeding 10 per cent of the whole in a particular block or sub-division or a district. Subsequently, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi and Kurmali were also included in the list of minority languages by the West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2018.[18][19]However, as of 2019, there is no official / other reliable information about the areas covered.

Religion in Kanksa CD Block
Hindu
91.61%
Muslim
6.82%
Christian
0.22%
Others
1.35%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 163,186 and formed 91.61% of the population in Kanksa CD Block. Muslims numbered 12,157 and formed 6.82% of the population. Christians numbered 386 and formed 0.22% of the population. Others numbered 2,396 and formed 1.35% of the population.[20]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Kanksa CD Block was 34.23%.[21]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Kanksa CD Block

  Cultivators (9.08%)
  Agricultural labourers (30.20%)
  Household industries (3.46%)
  Other Workers (57.27%)

In Kanksa CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 6,850 and formed 9.08% of the total workers, agricultural labourers numbered 22,793 and formed 30.20%, household industry workers numbered 2,611 and formed 3.46% and other workers numbered 43,226 and formed 57.27%. Total workers numbered 75,480 and formed 42.37% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 102,645 and formed 57.63% of the population.[22]

In Kanksa CD Block, although cultivators or agricultural labourers formed a good proportion of the workforce, comparatively more workers were engaged in the secondary and tertiary sectors.[23]

Note: In the census records a person is considered a cultivator, if the person is engaged in cultivation/ supervision of land owned by self/government/institution. When a person who works on another person's land for wages in cash or kind or share, is regarded as an agricultural labourer. Household industry is defined as an industry conducted by one or more members of the family within the household or village, and one that does not qualify for registration as a factory under the Factories Act. Other workers are persons engaged in some economic activity other than cultivators, agricultural labourers and household workers. It includes factory, mining, plantation, transport and office workers, those engaged in business and commerce, teachers, entertainment artistes and so on.[24]

Infrastructure

All 86 or 100% of mouzas in Kanksa CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[25]

All 86 mouzas in Kanksa CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 52 fertiliser depots, 4 seed stores and 36 fair price shops in the CD Block.[25]

Agriculture

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[26] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Kanksa CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 12.96%, patta (document) holders 20.03%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.31%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 11.59% and agricultural labourers 49.11%.[25]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Kanksa CD Block was 11,613 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 5,268 hectares.[27]

In 2013-14, Kanksa CD Block produced 30,815 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 10,211 hectares, 862 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 237 hectares, 380 tonnes of wheat from 120 hectares, 10,825 tonnes of potatoes from 413 hectares and 120 tonnes of sugarcane from 2 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[25]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Kanksa CD Block was 1,473.03 hectares, out of which 1,007.58 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 438.17 hectares by river lift irrigation and 27.28 hectares by deep tube wells.[25]

Banking

In 2013-14, Kanksa CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[25]

Transport

Kanksa CD Block has 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.[25]

The Bardhaman-Asansol section, which is a part of Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and Howrah-Delhi main line, passes through this CD Block and there are stations at Panagarh and Rajbandh.[33]

NH 19 (old numbering NH 2)/ Grand Trunk Road passes through this CD Block.[34]

State Highway 14 (West Bengal), running from Dubrajpur (in Birbhum district) to Betai (in Nadia district), of which a section of Panagarh-Morgram Highway is a part, passes through this CD Block.[35]

Education

In 2013-14, Kanksa CD Block had 107 primary schools with 8,035 students, 8 middle schools with 631 students, 11 high school with 6,265 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 9.870 students. Kanksa CD Block had 8 technical/ professional institutions with 3,613 students, 403 institutions for special and non-formal education with 10,656 students[25]

Aryabhatta Institute of Engineering & Management was established at Panagarh in 2003. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.[36]

Durgapur Institute of Advanced Technology and Management was established at Rajbandh in 2002. It is affiliated with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology.[37]

Durgapur College of Commerce and Science was established in 2003 at Rajbandh.[38]

Ayan Arnab Sikshan Sanstha at Ajodhya, Bonkati, Panagarh offers BEd courses, was established in 2014.[39]

Healthcare

In 2014, Kanksa CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 4 primary health centres and 3 private nursing homes with total 39 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 26 family welfare subcentres. 2,644 patients were treated indoor and 186,363 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[25]

Panagarh Rural Hospital, with 30 beds, at Panagarh, is the major government medical facility in the Kanksa CD block. There are primary health centres at Malandighi (with 6 beds), Shibpur (with 6 beds), Shyambazar (with 6 beds) and Silambazar (with 10 beds).[40][41]

External links

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (in Bengali), Vol I, p18,28, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p38, 542
  4. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  11. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Mother-tongue: Table 11, page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  14. ^ "West Bengal Official Language Act 1961". Latest Laws.com. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  15. ^ "The West Bengal Official Language Act 1961". Advocate Tanmoy Law Library. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  16. ^ "The West Bengal Official Language Act, 1961" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Official status for Urdu in some West Bengal Areas". The Hindu, 2 April 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Multilingual Bengal". The Telegraph, 11 December 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to the list of official languages in Bengal". Outlook, 28 February 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  20. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  22. ^ "District Census Handbook Bardhaman, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 96, Table 33: Distribution of Workers by Sex in Four Categories ofEconomic Activity in Sub-district 2011; Page 86, Table 30: Number and Percentage of Main Workers, Marginal Workers and Non-workers by sex in sub-districts, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  23. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman". Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  24. ^ "District Census Handbook Bardhaman, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Census Concepts and Definitions, Page 33. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  26. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  27. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  28. ^ "Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU 63505". India Rail Info.
  29. ^ "Asansol Division System Map". Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016.
  30. ^ "South Eastern Railway Pink Book 2017-18" (PDF). Indian Railways Pink Book.
  31. ^ "Asansol Division Railway Map". Eastern Railway.
  32. ^ "Adra Division Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  33. ^ "63509 Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  34. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  35. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  36. ^ "Aryabhatta Institute of Engineering & Management Durgapur". AIEM. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  37. ^ "Durgapur Institute of Advanced Technology and Management". DIATM. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  38. ^ "Durgapur College of Commerce and Science". College Admission. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  39. ^ "Ayan Arnab Sikshan Sanstha". Archived from the original on 4 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  40. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department" (PDF). Health Statistics – Rural Hospitals. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  41. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department" (PDF). Health Statistics – Primary Health Centres. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
Retrieved from "[en.wikipedia.org]"