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Kamayo language

Kamayo
Native toPhilippines
RegionSurigao del Sur and Davao Oriental
EthnicityKamayo people
Mandayas
Native speakers
360,000 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kyk
Glottologkama1363[2]

Kamayo (Kinamayo or alternatively spelled as Camayo), also called Kadi, Kinadi, or Mandaya, is a minor Austronesian language of the central eastern coast of Mindanao in the Philippines.

Distribution

Spoken by some areas of Surigao del Sur (the city of Bislig and the municipalities of Barobo, Hinatuan, Lingig, Tagbina, Lianga, San Agustin & Marihatag) and Davao Oriental, Kamayo varies from one municipality to another. Lingiganons are quite different from other municipalities on the way they speak the Kamayo language. Ethnologue also reports that Kamayo is spoken in the Agusan del Sur Province border areas, and in Davao Oriental Province between Lingig and Boston.

Dialects

Kamayo is a language widely used by the Mandayas in the Davao Oriental areas. It is closely related to Tandaganon and Surigaonon. Dialect variations are caused by mixed dialect communications such as the Cebuano language in barangays Mangagoy & Pob. Bislig. The towns of Barobo, Hinatuan, and Lingig has a distinct version spoken. A suffix is usually added in most adjectives in superlative forms; for example, the word "gamay" in Cebuano (English: small) is gamayay while the word "dako" (English: big) is spoken as dako-ay in Bislig.

Dialects are classified as North Kamayo and South Kamayo (Ethnologue).

Vocabulary

Common phrases

Kamayo Tagalog English
Adi / Ngani Dito Here
Ngadto Doon There
Ampan / Wara Wala Nothing
Aron Meron Have
Basi / Basin Baka Maybe
Butang Lagay Put
Hain Saan Where
Idtu Ayon That
Inday Ewan I Don't Know
Ini / Ngini Ito This
Itun Ayan That is
Kamang Kuha Take
Kinu Kailan When
Madayaw Mabuti Good
Maraat Pangit Ugly
Nanga sa Bakit Why
Unaan / Naan Ano What
Pila Magkano How Much
Sinu / Sin-u Sino Who
Tagi Bigay Give
Unuhon Paano How
Wara Wala None
Isu Bata Child
hinuod Matanda Old person
Irong Ilong Nose
Huo Oo Yes
Diri Hindi No
Bayho Mukha Face
Alima Kamay Hand
Siki Paa Foot
Paa Hita Thigh

See also

References

  1. ^ Kamayo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kamayo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.