Location of Kalimantan (Indonesia) in Borneo Island
|Province|| West Kalimantan|
|• Total||544,150.07 km2 (210,097.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,278 m (7,474 ft)|
|• Density||29/km2 (76/sq mi)|
|Time zones||UTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)|
|UTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||ID-KA|
Kalimantan is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo. It comprises 73% of the island's area. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are Brunei and East Malaysia. In Indonesia, "Kalimantan" refers to the whole island of Borneo. In 2019, the Indonesian President Joko Widodo proposed that Indonesia's capital be moved to Kalimantan.
The name Kalimantan, which is often spelled Klemantan, was derived from the Sanskrit word Kalamanthana, which means "burning weather island", or island with a very hot temperature, to describe its hot and humid tropical climate. It consists of the two words kal[a] (time, season, period) and manthan[a] (boiling, churning, burning). The word Kalamanthana is spelled Kalmantan, and then the indigenous people fixed it into Klemantan.
The Indonesian territory makes up 73% of the island by area, and 69.5% (13,772,543 at the 2010 Census of Indonesia) by population. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are of Brunei (400,000) and East Malaysia (5,625,000), the latter comprising the states of Sabah, Sarawak and the federal territory of Labuan. The region within Indonesia is also known as Indonesian Borneo.
Kalimantan's total area is 544,150 square kilometres (210,097 sq mi).
|Province||Area (km2)||Population (2005C)||Pop. (2010C)||Pop. (2015C prelim)||Pop. density/km2||Provincial capital||Largest metro|
* North Kalimantan split off East Kalimantan with resulting population and area loss for 2015 census.