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Kajō (嘉承), also romanized as Kashō, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Chōji and before Tennin. This period spanned the years from April 1106 through August 1108.[1] The reigning emperors were Horikawa-tennō (堀河天皇) and Toba-tennō (鳥羽天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • February 6, 1106 Kajō gannen (嘉承元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Chōji 3, on the 9th day of the 4th month of 1106.[3]

Events of the Kajō era

  • October 3, 1106 (Kajō 1): Petitions seeking mitigation of "evil influences on the Emperor" were presented at major Shinto shrines.[4]
  • August 19, 1107 (Kajō 1, 19th day of the 7th month): In the 21st year of Emperor Horikawa-tennō 's reign (堀河天皇21年), the emperor died at the age of 29; and the succession (senso) was received by his only son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Toba is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kashō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 486, p. 486, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 172–178; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 320–322; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 203–204.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 319.
  4. ^ Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, Vol. 47, p. 64. (1935)
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 178; Brown, pp. 320; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.


  • Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764

External links

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by