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Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa Prefecture
香川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese香川県
 • RōmajiKagawa-ken
Flag of Kagawa Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalTakamatsu
Government
 • GovernorKeizō Hamada
Area
 • Total1,861.70 km2 (718.81 sq mi)
Area rank47th
Population (May 1, 2016)
 • Total974,052
 • Rank40th
 • Density523.20/km2 (1,355.1/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-37
Districts5
Municipalities17
FlowerOlive (Olea europaea)
TreeOlive (Olea europaea)
BirdLesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Websitewww.pref.kagawa.jp

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県, Kagawa-ken) is the smallest prefecture of Japan (by area). It is located on Shikoku island[1] and the capital is Takamatsu.[2]

History

Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.[3]

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.[4]

Battle of Yashima

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans.

Geography

Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Osaka Prefecture held that title until Kansai International Airport was reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa's[citation needed]. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.[5]

Cities

Map of Kagawa Prefecture.
     City      Town
Takamatsu
Marugame
Kotohira

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Foods

People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008, there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alone.[citation needed]

Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.

Olives and olive-related products have also come to be recognized as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive-related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose colour easily.

Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, sōmen noodles and shōyu soy sauce. Rare sugar researches are thriving and have discovered mass production culture enzymes.D-tagatose 3-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible epimerization reaction of the 3rd carbon of ketose.

Demographics

Education

Universities

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.

Baseball

Basketball

Football (Soccer)

Volleyball

Ice Hockey

Tourism

Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre
Benesse House, Naoshima
Manno Lake
Sanuki Manno National Park

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan[citation needed], and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.

Transportation

Railroad

Bus

Departure from Takamatsu

Road

Expressway

National Highway

  • Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438

Port

Airport

In popular culture

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.

Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture is also the main setting of the book "Kafka on the Shore" by Haruki Murakami.

Kagawa Prefecture is also the setting of the anime Poco's Udon World, My Bride is a Mermaid, and Yuki Yuna is a Hero.

References

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 [Ikata Town History] (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing.
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012.

External links