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KOI-7

Short KOI
KermitSHORT-KOI
Alias(es)KOI-7 N2, ВКД
Language(s)Russian
StandardGOST 13052, GOST 27463
Classification7-bit KOI encoding
Preceded byMTK-2
Succeeded byKOI-8
Other related encoding(s)YUSCII, ISO 646
KOI-7 Switched
MIME / IANAKOI7-switched
Alias(es)csKOI7switched
Language(s)Russian
StandardGOST 13052, GOST 27463
Classification7-bit stateful KOI encoding
Transforms / EncodesISO 646:IRV (shift-in)
KOI-7 N1 (shift-out)
Preceded byMTK-2
Succeeded byKOI-8
Other related encoding(s)YUSCII

KOI-7 (КОИ-7) is a 7-bit character encoding, designed to cover Russian, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet.

In Russian, KOI-7 stands for Kod Obmena Informatsiey, 7 bit (Код Обмена Информацией, 7 бит) which means "Code for Information Exchange, 7 bit".[1]

It was first standardized in GOST 13052-67 (with the 2nd revision GOST 13052-74 / ST SEV 356-76) and GOST 27463-87 / ST SEV 356-86.

Shift Out (SO) and Shift In (SI) control characters are used in KOI-7, where SO starts printing Russian letters (KOI-7 N1), and SI starts printing Latin letters again (KOI-7 N0), or for lowercase and uppercase switching. This version is also known as KOI7-switched aka csKOI7switched.[2][3]

On ISO 2022 compatible computer terminals KOI7-switched can be activated by the escape sequence ESC ( @ ESC ) N LS0.[2]

KOI-7 was used on machines like the SM EVM (СМ ЭВМ) and DVK (ДВК); KOI-7 N2 was utilized in the machine-language of the Электроника Д3-28 [ru] (Elektronika D3-28) as four-digit hexadecimal code, БЭСМ-6 [ru] (BESM-6), where it was called ВКД, (internal data code). The encodings were also used on RSX-11, RT-11 and similar systems.[4]

KOI-7 N0

KOI-7 N0[2] (КОИ-7 Н0[1]) is identical to the IRV set in ISO 646:1967.[2] Compared to US-ASCII, the dollar sign ("$") at code point 24 (hex) was replaced by the universal currency sign "¤", but this was not maintained in all cases, in particular not after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Likewise, the IRV set in ISO/IEC 646:1991 also changed the character back to a dollar sign.

KOI-7 N0
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_
0
NUL
0000
SOH
0001
STX
0002
ETX
0003
EOT
0004
ENQ
0005
ACK
0006
BEL
0007
BS
0008
HT
0009
LF
000A
VT
000B
FF
000C
CR
000D
SO
000E
SI
000F
1_
16
DLE
0010
DC1
0011
DC2
0012
DC3
0013
DC4
0014
NAK
0015
SYN
0016
ETB
0017
CAN
0018
EM
0019
SUB
001A
ESC
001B
FS
001C
GS
001D
RS
001E
US
001F
2_
32
SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
¤/$
00A4/0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_
48
0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_
64
@
0040
A
0041
B
0042
C
0043
D
0044
E
0045
F
0046
G
0047
H
0048
I
0049
J
004A
K
004B
L
004C
M
004D
N
004E
O
004F
5_
80
P
0050
Q
0051
R
0052
S
0053
T
0054
U
0055
V
0056
W
0057
X
0058
Y
0059
Z
005A
[
005B
\
005C
]
005D
^
005E
_
005F
6_
96
`
0060
a
0061
b
0062
c
0063
d
0064
e
0065
f
0066
g
0067
h
0068
i
0069
j
006A
k
006B
l
006C
m
006D
n
006E
o
006F
7_
112
p
0070
q
0071
r
0072
s
0073
t
0074
u
0075
v
0076
w
0077
x
0078
y
0079
z
007A
{
007B
|
007C
}
007D
~
007E
DEL
007F

KOI-7 N1

KOI-7 N1 (КОИ-7 Н1[1]) was first standardized in GOST 13052-67,[5][6][7] and later also in ISO 5427.[2] It is sometimes referred to as "koi-0" as well.[6]

Compared to ASCII and ISO 646 uppercase and lowercase letters are swapped in order to make it easier to recognize Russian text when presented using ASCII.[6]

To trim the alphabet into chunks of 32 characters the dotted Ё was dropped.[6] In order to avoid conflicts with ASCII's and ISO 646's definition as DEL and its usage as EOF marker (-1) in some systems, it dropped the "CAPITAL HARD SIGN" Ъ that would have naturally resided at this location.[6]

In a Bulgarian variant the unnecessary Russian "CAPITAL YERY" Ы at code point 121 was replaced by the "CAPITAL HARD SIGN" Ъ.[6]

KOI-7 N1[7]
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_
0
NUL
0000
SOH
0001
STX
0002
ETX
0003
EOT
0004
ENQ
0005
ACK
0006
BEL
0007
BS
0008
HT
0009
LF
000A
VT
000B
FF
000C
CR
000D
SO
000E
SI
000F
1_
16
DLE
0010
DC1
0011
DC2
0012
DC3
0013
DC4
0014
NAK
0015
SYN
0016
ETB
0017
CAN
0018
EM
0019
SUB
001A
ESC
001B
FS
001C
GS
001D
RS
001E
US
001F
2_
32
SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
¤/$
00A4/0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_
48
0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_
64
ю
044E
а
0430
б
0431
ц
0446
д
0434
е
0435
ф
0444
г
0433
х
0445
и
0438
й
0439
к
043A
л
043B
м
043C
н
043D
о
043E
5_
80
п
043F
я
044F
р
0440
с
0441
т
0442
у
0443
ж
0436
в
0432
ь
044C
ы
044B
з
0437
ш
0448
э
044D
щ
0449
ч
0447
ъ
044A
6_
96
Ю
042E
А
0410
Б
0411
Ц
0426
Д
0414
Е
0415
Ф
0424
Г
0413
Х
0425
И
0418
Й
0419
К
041A
Л
041B
М
041C
Н
041D
О
041E
7_
112
П
041F
Я
042F
Р
0420
С
0421
Т
0422
У
0423
Ж
0416
В
0412
Ь
042C
Ы/Ъ
042B/042A
З
0417
Ш
0428
Э
042D
Щ
0429
Ч
0427
DEL
007F

KOI-7 N2

KOI-7 N2 (КОИ-7 Н2[1]), like KOI-7 N1, was also standardized in GOST 13052-67.[7]

Kermit names it SHORT-KOI / short-koi.[8][9]

KOI-7 N2[7][9]
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_
0
NUL
0000
SOH
0001
STX
0002
ETX
0003
EOT
0004
ENQ
0005
ACK
0006
BEL
0007
BS
0008
HT
0009
LF
000A
VT
000B
FF
000C
CR
000D
SO
000E
SI
000F
1_
16
DLE
0010
DC1
0011
DC2
0012
DC3
0013
DC4
0014
NAK
0015
SYN
0016
ETB
0017
CAN
0018
EM
0019
SUB
001A
ESC
001B
FS
001C
GS
001D
RS
001E
US
001F
2_
32
SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
¤/$
00A4/0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_
48
0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_
64
@
0040
A
0041
B
0042
C
0043
D
0044
E
0045
F
0046
G
0047
H
0048
I
0049
J
004A
K
004B
L
004C
M
004D
N
004E
O
004F
5_
80
P
0050
Q
0051
R
0052
S
0053
T
0054
U
0055
V
0056
W
0057
X
0058
Y
0059
Z
005A
[
005B
\
005C
]
005D
/^
2191/005E
_
005F
6_
96
Ю
042E
А
0410
Б
0411
Ц
0426
Д
0414
Е
0415
Ф
0424
Г
0413
Х
0425
И
0418
Й
0419
К
041A
Л
041B
М
041C
Н
041D
О
041E
7_
112
П
041F
Я
042F
Р
0420
С
0421
Т
0422
У
0423
Ж
0416
В
0412
Ь
042C
Ы
042B
З
0417
Ш
0428
Э
042D
Щ
0429
Ч
0427
DEL
007F

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d ГОСТ 27463-87. Системы обработки информации. 7-битные кодированные наборы символов (с Изменением N 1) [GOST 27463-87. Information processing systems. 7-bit coded character sets] (in Russian). Госстандарт СССР. 1987-10-29. Archived from the original on 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  2. ^ a b c d e Sokolov, Michael (2004-01-23). "Charset name: KOI7-switched". International Free Computing Task Force (IFCTF). Archived from the original on 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  3. ^ Freed, Ned; Dürst, Martin, eds. (2013-12-20). "Character Sets". RFC2978. Archived from the original on 2016-12-03. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
  4. ^ Nechayev, Valentin (2013) [2001]. "Review of 8-bit Cyrillic encodings universe". Archived from the original on 2016-12-05. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  5. ^ Clews, John (1988). Language Automation Worldwide - The Development of Character Set Standards (1 ed.). Sesame Computer Projects. ISBN 1-87009501-4. ISBN 978-1-87009501-3.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Czyborra, Roman (1998-11-30) [1998-05-25]. "The Cyrillic Charset Soup". Archived from the original on 2016-12-03. Retrieved 2016-12-03. [1] [2] [3] [4]
  7. ^ a b c d Hohlov, Yu. E. "Cyrillic Information Representation in Electronic Form - Character Set (Code Page) Tables". Archived from the original on 2016-12-05. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  8. ^ da Cruz, Frank (2010-04-02). "Kermit and MIME Character-Set Names". The Kermit Project. Columbia University, New York, USA. Archived from the original on 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  9. ^ a b "SHORT KOI (KOI-7)". Kermit. Columbia University. Retrieved 2017-02-17.

Further reading

  • Kornai, Andras; Birnbaum, David J.; da Cruz, Frank; Davis, Bur; Fowler, George; Paine, Richard B.; Paperno, Slava; Simonsen, Keld J.; Thobe, Glenn E.; Vulis, Dimitri; van Wingen, Johan W. (1993-03-13). "CYRILLIC ENCODING FAQ Version 1.3". 1.3. Retrieved 2017-02-18.