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Juncker Commission

Jean-Claude Juncker delivering a speech at the election congress of the People's Party in March 2014

The Juncker Commission is the European Commission in office since 1 November 2014 and is due to serve until 2019. Its president is Jean-Claude Juncker, who presides over 27 other commissioners (one from each of the states composing the European Union, except Luxembourg, which is Juncker's state). In July 2014, Juncker was officially elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who completed his second five-year term in that year.[1]

The logo used in the 2014 campaign

Election

Juncker's campaign bus used for the 2014 European Parliament election

In the 2014 parliamentary election, Juncker campaigned as the candidate of the European People's Party (EPP) for the presidency of the European Commission. The EPP won a plurality in parliament, and on 27 June, the European Council nominated him for the post. Later on 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected Juncker as the new Commission president.[2][3][4] On 22 October, the European Parliament approved the Juncker Commission in its entirety and during the 23–24 October 2014 meeting of the European Council the Council formally appointed the new Commission.[5][6] On 1 November 2014, the new Commission officially assumed office.[7][8] Juncker has outlined a ten-point agenda for his Presidency focusing on jobs and growth.[9]

Commissioners

The following college of commissioners serves under Juncker's presidency[10][11][12]

Parties

  European People's Party (14)   Party of European Socialists (8)   Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (5)   None (1)

European Commission.svg

European Commission

Jean-Claude Juncker Commission

Cabinet
Portfolio Designee Portfolio Designee Portfolio Designee
Flag of Europe.svg

President

Nomination June 27, 2014
Elected July 15, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Ioannes Claudius Juncker die 7 Martis 2014.jpg
Former Prime Minister
Jean-Claude Juncker
of Luxembourg Luxembourg

(EPPCSV)

Flag of Europe.svg

First Vice-President
Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, Rule of Law and Charter of Fundamental Rights

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
08. Frans Timmermans.jpg
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Frans Timmermans
of Netherlands Netherlands

(PESPvdA)

Flag of Europe.svg

Vice-President
and

High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Federica Mogherini Official.jpg
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Federica Mogherini
of Italy Italy

(PESPD)

Flag of Europe.svg

Vice-President
Energy Union

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Maroš Šefčovič MSC 2017 (cropped).jpg
Former European Commissioner
Maroš Šefčovič
of Slovakia Slovakia

(PESSmer-SD)

Flag of Europe.svg

Vice-President
Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Katainen.jpg
Former Prime Minister
Jyrki Katainen
of Finland Finland

(EPPKOK)

Flag of Europe.svg

Vice-President
Euro and Social Dialogue and Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Valdis Dombrovskis 2009.jpg
Former Prime Minister
Valdis Dombrovskis
of Latvia Latvia

(EPPUnity)

Flag of Europe.svg

Vice-President
Digital Single Market

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Portrait Andrus Ansip.jpg
Former Prime Minister
Andrus Ansip
of Estonia Estonia

(ALDEReform)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Justice and Consumers

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Věra Jourová.jpg
Former Minister of Development
Věra Jourová
of Czech Republic Czech Republic

(ALDEANO)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Digital Economy and Society

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Gabriel Mariya 2014-02-06 2.jpg
Former MEP
Mariya Gabriel
of Bulgaria Bulgaria

(EPPGERB)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Budget and Human Resources

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Guenther h oettinger 2007-portrait.jpg
Former Minister President
Günther Oettinger
of Germany Germany

(EPPCDU)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Pierre Moscovici en mai 2010.png
Former Minister of Finance
Pierre Moscovici
of France France

(PESPS)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
CD&V members in 40th anniversary of the European People's Party in Luxembourg (cropped).jpg
Former MEP
Marianne Thyssen
of Belgium Belgium

(EPPCD&V)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Regional Policy

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Corina Cretu.jpg
Former Vice-President of the EP

Corina Crețu
of Romania Romania

(PESPSD)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
JohannesHahnPortrait.jpg
Former European Commissioner
Johannes Hahn
of Austria Austria

(EPPÖVP)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Dimitris Avramopoulos 2016 (cropped).jpg
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Dimitris Avramopoulos
of Greece Greece

(EPPND)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Health and Food Safety

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Vytenis Povilas Andriukaitis.jpg

Former Minister of Health
Vytenis Andriukaitis
of Lithuania Lithuania

(PESSDP)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Security Union

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Sir Julian King (cropped).JPG
Former Ambassador
Julian King
of United Kingdom United Kingdom

(None)

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European Commissioner
Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Elżbieta Bieńkowska Kancelaria Senatu.jpg
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Elżbieta Bieńkowska
of Poland Poland

(EPPPO)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Climate Action and Energy

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Miguel Arias Cañete 2013 (cropped).jpg
Former Minister of Agriculture
Miguel Arias Cañete
of Spain Spain

(EPPPP)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
International Cooperation and Development

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
N mimica.jpg
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Neven Mimica
of Croatia Croatia

(PESSDP)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Competition

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Vestager 520 2012-04-16.jpg
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Margrethe Vestager
of Denmark Denmark

(ALDERV)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Transport

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Violeta Bulc 2014-11.jpg
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Violeta Bulc
of Slovenia Slovenia

(ALDESMC)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Trade

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Cecilia Malmström.jpg
Former Minister of EU Affairs
Cecilia Malmström
of Sweden Sweden

(ALDEL)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
KarmenuVellaPolitician.jpg
Former MP
Karmenu Vella
of Malta Malta

(PESPL)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Education, Culture, Youth and Sport

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Navracsics Tibor Portrait.jpg
Former Deputy Prime Minister
Tibor Navracsics
of Hungary Hungary

(EPPFidesz)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Research, Science and Innovation

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Carlos Moedas (cropped).JPG
Former Under-Secretary of State
Carlos Moedas
of Portugal Portugal

(EPPPSD)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Agriculture and Rural Development

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Informal meeting of ministers for agriculture and fisheries (iAGRIFISH). Arrivals Phil Hogan (37038231115) (cropped).jpg
Former Minister of Environment
Phil Hogan
of Republic of Ireland Ireland

(EPPFG)

Flag of Europe.svg

European Commissioner
Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014
Stylianides.JPG
Former MEP
Christos Stylianides
of Cyprus Cyprus

(EPPDISY)

Former members

Nominee Portrait Portfolio State Party
Jonathan Hill Jonathan Hill 2015.jpg Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union United Kingdom United Kingdom AECR
National: Conservative
Kristalina Georgieva Kristalina Georgieva (cropped).jpg Vice President Bulgaria Bulgaria EPP
National: GERB
Budget and Human Resources

President's cabinet

The President's cabinet supports the President of the commission, and thus has a very central role in coordinating the work of the European Commission as a whole. The president's cabinet is led by Clara Martinez Alberola. Formerly, it was led by Martin Selmayr, who has been described as "the most powerful EU chief of staff ever."[13]

Project teams

Juncker has for the first time proposed a commission that clusters certain members together under designated policy areas. These clusters are known as "Project Teams" and will each be headed by one of the vice presidents.[14] Each team is composed of a core membership in addition to members who may fall under its respective umbrella as needed.[15] Timmermans and Georgieva both oversee all commissioners while the remaining five project teams are as follows:

A Connected Digital Single Market

Vice President: Andrus Ansip (Digital Single Market)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Deeper and Fairer Economic and Monetary Union

Vice President: Valdis Dombrovskis (Euro and Social Dialogue)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)

A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and Investment

Vice President: Jyrki Katainen (Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy

Vice President: Maroš Šefčovič (Energy Union)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Stronger Global Actor

Vice President: Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)

A European Agenda on Migration

In 2015, when European migrant crisis unfolded, new project team was formed.[16]

First Vice President: Frans Timmermans (Better Regulation, Interinstitutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Julian King (Security Union)[17]

References

  1. ^ Barroso names new EU commission team. Euronews. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  2. ^ Parliament elects ‘politically ecumenical’ Juncker as Commission President EurActiv
  3. ^ Blow to Cameron as centrist MEPs back Juncker for European commission job The Guardian
  4. ^ Baker, Luke (2014-06-23). "Battle over Juncker underlines EU parliament's 'adulthood' | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  5. ^ "EUROPEAN COUNCIL DECISION appointing the European Commission" (PDF). European Council. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  6. ^ "European Council (23 and 24 October 2014) ‒ Conclusions" (PDF). European Council. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  7. ^ "The new European Commission – Parliament elects new European Commission". European Parliament. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Juncker Commission takes office". European Commission. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  9. ^ Jean-Claude Juncker: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change The Parliament Magazine
  10. ^ Cerulus, Laurens (July 10, 2014). "Juncker wants more women in new Commission team".
  11. ^ "Poland, Italy nominations leave Juncker needing four more commissioners –". Euractiv.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  12. ^ EU Commission College Archived 2014-09-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ HERSZENHORN, DAVID M. (17 Nov 2016). "'Monster' at the Berlaymont". Politico. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  14. ^ Vice-presidents to lead teams of commissioners
  15. ^ The new structure of the Juncker Commission
  16. ^ Juncker Commission. One year on
  17. ^ President Juncker consults the European Parliament on Sir Julian King as Commissioner for the Security Union

External links