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Juan José de Amézaga

Juan José de Amézaga Landaraso
Juan José de Amézaga.jpg
28th President of Uruguay
In office
March 1, 1943 – March 1, 1947
Vice PresidentAlberto Guani
Preceded byAlfredo Baldomir
Succeeded byTomás Berreta
Personal details
Born(1881-01-28)January 28, 1881
Montevideo, Uruguay
DiedAugust 21, 1956(1956-08-21) (aged 75)
Montevideo, Uruguay
Political partyColorado Party
Spouse(s)Celia Álvarez Mouliá
Alma materUniversidad de la República
OccupationPolitical, advocate

Juan José de Amézaga Landaroso (January 28, 1881 – August 21, 1956) was a Uruguayan political figure.


Amézaga was a prominent member of the Colorado Party, which ruled the country for long periods. He was a lawyer by profession, and taught that subject at university level for many years. His political base was in Durazno, which he represented in the Chamber of Deputies between 1907 and 1915 and later served as Industry Minister.[citation needed]

President of Uruguay

Main features

He was President of Uruguay from 1943 to 1947. His rule is seen as significantly the first wholly constitutional presidency since the coup d'état carried out by Gabriel Terra in 1933.

Amézaga's vice president was Alberto Guani, who had already distinguished himself as a veteran diplomat. The veteran Socialist leader Emilio Frugoni was sent to Moscow by President Amézaga, as Uruguayan Ambassador.


The year 1947 opened with Amézaga, younger by several years than his successor, preparing to step down as President in favour of his elected successor, Tomás Berreta, who was already aged in his 70s. Berreta's Presidency was to last barely 5 months, since he was to die in office.

See also


Political offices
Preceded by
Alfredo Baldomir
President of Uruguay
Succeeded by
Tomás Berreta