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Ju (state)

State of Ju
莒国/莒国
1046 BC–431 BC
Ju is a small state in the east
Ju is a small state in the east
Capital Ju County
Religion Chinese folk religion
Government Monarchy
• 1046BC–?
Ziyuqi[1]
Historical era Western Zhou period
Spring and Autumn period
Warring States period
• Established
1046 BC
• Conquered by Chu
431 BC
Today part of  China

Ju (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was an Dongyi state in modern Shandong province during the Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BCE) of ancient China.[2] The rulers of Ju had the surname of Ji 己.[3] According to the Shuowen Jiezi, "Ju" means taro or a wooden tool.[4] It was weakened by wars with the states of Chu and Qi. Eventually the state was annexed by Qi, and the City of Ju became a major stronghold of Qi.[5][6]

Notes

  1. ^ 《春秋正义》·隐公二年:“谱云:莒嬴姓,少昊之后。周武王封兹舆期于莒。初都计,后徙莒。”
  2. ^ "Research into the toponymy of Ju County (莒县地名文化调查材料)" (in Chinese). Retrieved November 23, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Gu Derong (顾德融); Zhu Shunlong (朱顺龙) (2003). 春秋史 [History of the Spring and Autumn Period]. Shanghai People's Publishing House. p. 29. ISBN 978-7-208-04544-6.
  4. ^ 莒国文明注青史 激荡演义六百年 Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Three questions regarding the origin of the State of Ju (有关莒国史三个问题的考辨)" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
  6. ^ 張俊成:莒公孫朝子鐘銘及年代問題 Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine.