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John Boteler Parker

John Boteler Parker
Born29 May 1786
Died25 March 1851
Woolwich Common
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
RankMajor-General
Commands heldRoyal Military Academy, Woolwich
Battles/warsWalcheren Campaign
Peninsular War
Hundred Days

Major-General John Boteler Parker (29 May 1786 - 25 March 1851) was a notable British Army general of the early 19th century. He saw action at the Battle of Waterloo, and later became Commandant of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich.

Career

Parker was the second son of Admiral Sir Hyde Parker and Anne Boteler.

Joining the army, Parker served in the Walcheren Campaign in 1809,[1] and in operations up to and including the siege of Flushing in the same year. In February 1812, he embarked for Lisbon with the Duke of Wellington’s army till the conclusion of the Peninsular War in 1814, taking part in the Battle of Vitoria, the Siege of San Sebastián, the Battle of Orthez, the action at Tarbes, and the Battle of Toulouse.[1]

As a second captain in Captain Hew Ross' Royal Horse Artillery Troop, Parker fought at Waterloo,[2] being (brevet) promoted to major on 18 June 1814, wounded and having his left leg amputated.[3] For his services at the battle, he was nominated to be appointed a Companion of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath, upon the recommendation of Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington.[3]

He was second captain to the Company of Gentlemen Cadets from 28 December 1821 to 18 January 1837. He lived for a time in Government House (situated at the junction of Woolwich New Road and Nightingale Place) in Woolwich, commissioning architect John Douglas Hopkins to enhance the building in 1840.[4] He was Lieutenant-Governor (Commandant) of the Royal Military Academy from 1 April 1846, until his death, aged 66, at Woolwich Common on 25 March 1851.[5] His remains were interred in a vault at the church of St Luke in nearby Charlton.[6]

Family

Parker married Mary Popham, daughter of Admiral Sir Home Riggs Popham, on 3 November 1814. They had at least eight children: Mary Elizabeth (born 25 August 1815), Hyde Popham (born 1818), Home John (2 June 1819 - 15 October 1881), Harry Richard (8 May 1821 - 16 August 1907), Arthur Charles (born 26 May 1822), Caroline (born 26 Apr 1824), Emily Fanny Eliza (born 26 September 1826) and Matilda Anne (died 26 February 1904).[7]

Parker's elder brother, Hyde Parker III, like their father, became a notable English naval officer.

References

  1. ^ a b The Annual Register of World Events. Accessed 25 May 2014
  2. ^ Burnham, Robert, British Memoirs of the Napoleonic Wars: the Artillery Accessed: 25 May 2014
  3. ^ a b London Gazette, 22 June 1814, p.1216
  4. ^ English Heritage. Accessed: 25 May 2014
  5. ^ The Spectator, 29 March 1851. Accessed: 25 May 2014
  6. ^ Inscriptions inside the Church Monumental Inscriptions of St Luke's Church near Woolwich. Accessed: 25 May 2014
  7. ^ The Peerage - cites: Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003.
Military offices
Preceded by
Commandant of the Royal Military Academy Woolwich
1846–1851
Succeeded by