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John Agar

John Agar
John Agar still.jpg
circa 1960
Born John George Agar, Jr.
(1921-01-31)January 31, 1921
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died April 7, 2002(2002-04-07) (aged 81)
Burbank, California, U.S.
Resting place Riverside National Cemetery
Occupation Actor
Years active 1948–2001
Spouse(s) Shirley Temple
(m. 1945; div. 1950)

Loretta Combs
(m. 1951; d. 2000)
Children 3

John George Agar, Jr. (January 31, 1921 – April 7, 2002) was an American actor. He is best known for starring alongside John Wayne in the films Sands of Iwo Jima, Fort Apache, and She Wore a Yellow Ribbon. In his later career he was the star of B movies, such as Tarantula, The Mole People, The Brain from Planet Arous, Revenge of the Creature, Flesh and the Spur, and Hand of Death. He was the first husband of Shirley Temple.

Agar's career suffered in the wake of his divorce, but he developed a niche playing leading men in low-budget science fiction, Western, and horror movies in the 1950s and 1960s. John Wayne gave him several supporting roles in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In later years he worked extensively in television.

Early life and military service

Agar was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Lillian (née Rogers) and John George Agar Sr., a meat packer.[1] He was educated at the Harvard School for Boys in Chicago and Lake Forest Academy in Lake Forest, Illinois. He graduated from Trinity-Pawling Preparatory School in Pawling, New York, but did not attend college. He and his family moved from Chicago to Los Angeles in 1942, after his father’s death.[2]

During World War II, Agar joined the Navy Air Corps, had basic training in Texas, and instructed in physical training at March Field in Riverside, California. He later transferred to the United States Army Air Corps.[2] He was a sergeant at the time he left the AAF in 1946.[3]

Career

After his marriage with Temple, her boss at the time, David O. Selznick, signed Agar to a five-year acting contract starting at $150 a week, including acting lessons.[4][5][6]

Agar made his film debut as Temple's love interest in Fort Apache (1948),[7] a John Ford western for RKO starring John Wayne and Henry Fonda. It was a financial and critical success.[8]

Agar was reunited with Temple for his second film, a suffragette drama Adventure in Baltimore (1949), also for RKO, which was a huge flop.[8]

RKO used him in The Woman on Pier 13 (1950), an anti-communist drama that was a pet project of Howard Hughes. It was Agar's first movie without Temple, and he was billed after Robert Ryan and Laraine Day. It was another flop.

More successful was a reunion with Wayne and Ford, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), in which Agar played the romantic lead. It was a sizeable hit and has come to be regarded as a classic.[8]

Even more popular was the World War Two film Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) where Agar supported John Wayne. Made by Republic Pictures, it was a sizeable hit, earning Wayne an Oscar nomination and getting Agar some good reviews.[3]

Warner Bros put Agar in a war film, Breakthrough (1950) which relied extensively on pre-existing war footage. It was a reasonable success at the box office.[9]

Warner Bros used him in Along the Great Divide (1951), supporting Kirk Douglas. He made a low budget "Eastern" for Sam Katzman with Lucille Ball, The Magic Carpet (1951).

Agar was third billed in Woman of the North Country (1952), a Western for Republic, and so starred in Man of Conflict (1953), an independent drama with Edward Arnold.

Agar had support roles in Bait (1954), a Hugo Haas drama with Cleo Moore; The Rocket Man (1954), a Charles Coburn comedy co-written by Lenny Bruce; and Shield for Murder (1954), a film noir starring and co-directed by Edmond O'Brien.

Agar returned to leading roles in The Golden Mistress (1954), an adventure film directed by Abner Biberman.

In 1954 Agar signed a seven-year contract with Universal. He began the association with Revenge of the Creature (1955), the popular first sequel to Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954); it was produced by William Alland and directed by Jack Arnold.

He was borrowed by Lippert Pictures for The Lonesome Trail (1955), then, at Universal, made a second film for Haas with Cleo Moore, Hold Back Tomorrow (1955).

Agar made another science fiction film, Tarantula (1955), made by Alland and Arnold, which was popular and became a cult favorite.

Universal starred him in a Western, Star in the Dust (1956), produced by Albert Zugsmith. A new company, American International Pictures, borrowed Agar for a Western, Flesh and the Spur (1956). Then he went back to Universal for The Mole People (1956), produced by Alland.

Agar supported Audie Murphy in a comedy Joe Butterfly (1957) then his contract with Universal ended.

Agar remained in demand for low budget science fiction, horror and Western films. He starred in The Daughter of Dr. Jekyll (1957) for Edgar G. Ulmer at Allied Artists, then made The Brain from Planet Arous (1957) for Howco International.

Agar starred in some low budget Westerns for Fox, Ride a Violent Mile (1958) and Frontier Gun (1958). He went to the Philippines to make Cavalry Command (1958) and did two for AIP, Jet Attack (1958) and Attack of the Puppet People (1958).

Agar did Invisible Invaders (1958) for director Edward L. Cahn who had made Jet Attack.

Agar could be seen in Journey to the Seventh Planet (1962), The Young and The Brave (1963), Of Love and Desire (1963), Law of the Lawless (1963), Stage to Thunder Rock (1965), Young Fury (1965), Johnny Reno (1966), Women of the Prehistoric Planet (1967), and Waco (1966).

Agar made some films for Larry Buchanan at AIP, Curse of the Swamp Creature (1966), Zontar, the Thing from Venus (1966) and Hell Raiders (1968). He had the lead in Night Fright (1967).

Agar had small parts in some studio films like The St. Valentine's Day Massacre (1967), and three with John Wayne: The Undefeated (1969), Chisum (1970), and Big Jake (1971).

Agar's last prominent roles were small roles in King Kong (1976) and Miracle Mile (1988).

Personal life

Marriages

Agar's sister was a schoolmate of Shirley Temple. In 1944 Agar escorted Temple to a party held by her boss at the time, David O. Selznick. The two were married in 1945.[4][6] Agar and Temple had a daughter together, Linda Susan Agar, born 1948 (who was later known as Susan Black, taking the surname of her stepfather, Charles Alden Black). However, the marriage floundered, in part because of Agar's drinking (he had been arrested for drunk driving) and in part because of pressures of their high public profile. Temple sued for divorce on the grounds of mental cruelty in 1949.[4][10][11] The two were divorced on December 7, 1950.[12] After the divorce, Agar had little contact with his daughter with Temple.[13]

Agar remarried in 1951 to model Loretta Barnett Combs (1922–2000). They tried to elope but officials refused to marry them for an hour because Agar had been drinking.[14] They remained married for 49 years until her death in 2000. They had two sons, Martin Agar and John G. Agar, III.[15]

Legal issues

In 1950 Agar was fined for reckless driving.[16][17] In 1951 Agar was jailed for five months for drunk driving. He was released after 60 days on probation.[18] In 1953 Agar was arrested for drunk driving again and was sentenced to 120 days in prison.[19] In 1960 he was again arrested for drunk driving.[20]

Death

Agar died on April 7, 2002, at Burbank, California of complications from emphysema. He was 81.[7] He was buried beside his wife at Riverside National Cemetery in Riverside, California.[21] He was survived by his three children, four grandchildren, and two brothers.[7]

Legacy

With regards of being associated with science fiction B movies, Agar said, "I don't resent being identified with B science fiction movies at all," Agar later said. "Why should I? Even though they were not considered top of the line, for those people that like sci-fi, I guess they were fun. My whole feeling about working as an actor is, if I give anybody any enjoyment, I'm doing my job, and that's what counts."[3]

The Seattle band The Young Fresh Fellows recorded the song "The New John Agar" on the Topsy Turvy album in 1985.[22]

The television series Mystery Science Theater 3000 has made fun of several of Agar's films, including The Mole People and Lost Continent.

Filmography

Film

Television

  • Perry Mason (1959) - episode - The Case of the Caretaker's Cat - Kenneth Baxter
  • Rawhide (1959) - episode - Incident at the Buffalo Smokehouse - Lon Grant
  • Destination Space (1959) - unsold pilot
  • Rawhide (1960) - episode - Incident of the Slavemaster - Mike Anderson
  • Bat Masterson (1961) - episode - Farmer with a Badge - Sam Phelps
  • Ripcord (1961) - episode - Chuting Stars - Warren Officer Frank Pierson
  • Lawman (1962) - episode - The Witness - Jim Martin
  • Death Valley Days (1963) - episode - Pioneer Doctor - Dr. Edwards
  • The Virginian (1964) - episode - Another's Footsteps - Tom Anders
  • Branded (1965) - episode - $10,000 for Durango - The Sheriff
  • Family Affair (1967) - episode - What Did You Do in the West, Uncle? - Gabe
  • Hondo (1967) - episode - Hondo and the Judas - Frank James
  • The Virginian - episode - The Mustangers - Joe Williams
  • Charlie's Angels (1976) - episode - Target: Angels - Col. Blaylock
  • Highway to Heaven (1984) - episode - The Return of the Masked Rider - Morton Clay
  • The Making of Sands of Iwo Jima (1993) - Video Documentary Short - Himself

References

  1. ^ John Agar profile, filmreference.com; accessed February 18, 2014
  2. ^ a b Edwards, Anne (2017). Shirley Temple: American Princess. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 163–164. ISBN 9781493026920. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c John Agar Biography at Monster Shack accessed January 19, 2014
  4. ^ a b c Bergan, Ronald (12 April 2002). "John Agar". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 July 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  5. ^ "SHIRLEY'S HUBBY BECOMES ACTOR WITHOUT HELP". Tweed Daily. XXXIII, (174). New South Wales, Australia. 22 July 1946. p. 4. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  6. ^ a b "How John Agar wooed Shirley". The Sun (2214). New South Wales, Australia. 16 September 1945. p. 3 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ a b c Willis, John (2004). Screen World 2003. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 355. ISBN 9781557835284. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c Richard Jewell & Vernon Harbin, The RKO Story. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1982. p228
  9. ^ Richard Harland Smith, 'Breakthrough', Turner Classic Movies accessed May 17, 2012
  10. ^ "Divorce for Shirley JOHN "FLIRTED, DRANK"". Barrier Miner. LXII, (18.029). New South Wales, Australia. 8 December 1949. p. 13. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  11. ^ Kristin McMurran, "Shirley Temple Black Taps Out a Telling Memoir of Child Stardom", People Magazine 28 November 1988 accessed 19 January 2014
  12. ^ "Divorces". Billboard. December 16, 1950. p. 50. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "The bitter ending of a fairy-tale". The Australian Women's Weekly. 47, (39). Australia, Australia. 27 February 1980. p. 20. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  14. ^ "JOHN AGAR WEDS AGAIN". Brisbane Telegraph. Queensland, Australia. 17 May 1951. p. 7 (CITY FINAL). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  15. ^ Los Angeles Times obituary, April 9, 2002; accessed January 19, 2014
  16. ^ "John Agar Fined in Driving Case". Los Angeles Times. 21 April 1950. p. 2. 
  17. ^ "JOHN AGAR CONVICTED". The Daily News. LXVIII, (23,409). Western Australia. 22 April 1950. p. 5 (FIRST). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  18. ^ "John Agar Sentenced to Jail". New York Times. 28 August 1951. p. 21. 
  19. ^ "John Agar Gets 120 Days for Violating Probation". Chicago Daily Tribune. 31 January 1953. p. a8. 
  20. ^ "John Agar Fined for Drunk Driving". Los Angeles Times. 16 January 1960. p. B1. 
  21. ^ John Agar at Find a Grave
  22. ^ [www.allmusic.com]

External links