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Location of Jincheng City jurisdiction in Shanxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC Jincheng Secretary||Zhang Jiuping (张九萍)|
|• Mayor||Wang Qingxian (王清宪)|
|• Prefecture-level city||9,490 km2 (3,660 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,279,151|
|• Density||240/km2 (620/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-SX-05|
|Administrative division code||140500|
|Literal meaning||Jin City|
Jincheng is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Shanxi province, China, bordering Henan province to the south and southeast. It is an industrial city in an area where coal mining is an important industry. The entire prefecture has a population of 2.2 million.
The presence of such a large coal industry has given Jincheng a reputation for air pollution and in recent years the local government has invested heavily to promote better air quality in the city. This includes tree-planting, establishing and maintaining large parks and ecological reserves, shutting down or relocating some of the worst-polluting factories, and the generalized use of coalbed methane which burns much cleaner than coal.
Jincheng is located in the southeast corner of Shanxi province. The prefecture-level city covens an area of 9,490-square-kilometers. It has 188,920 hectares of cultivated land.
|Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|Gaoping City||高平市||Gāopíng Shì||480,000||946||507|
|Zezhou County||泽州县||Zézhōu Xiàn||510,000||2,023||252|
|Qinshui County||沁水县||Qìnshuǐ Xiàn||210,000||2,655||79|
|Yangcheng County||阳城县||Yángchéng Xiàn||390,000||1,968||198|
|Lingchuan County||陵川县||Língchuān Xiàn||250,000||1,751||143|
Jincheng has considerable mineral resources, notably coal. Coal-beds account for more than 56% of the total area. Most of this is anthracite, a very valuable type of coal with few impurities. The anthracite in Jincheng makes up more than a quarter of the total in China and half of the total for Shanxi province. Jincheng also has a large coal mine methane field which was discovered in Qinshui county in 2001.
Both anthracite and coal mine methane were mainly produced by Jincheng Anthracite Mining Group.